In music, the
septimal whole tone, septimal major second, or  supermajor second   is the play ( · help ) info musical interval exactly or approximately equal to an 8/7 ratio of frequencies. It is about 231  cents wide in just intonation. Although  24 equal temperament does not match this interval particularly well, its nearest representation is at 250 cents, approximately 19 cents sharp. The septimal whole tone may be derived from the harmonic series as the interval between the seventh and eighth harmonics and the term septimal refers to the fact that it utilizes the seventh harmonic. It can also be thought of as the octave inversion of the 7/4 interval, the  harmonic seventh.
Origin of large and small seconds and thirds in harmonic series.
No close approximation to this interval exists in the standard
12 equal temperament used in most modern western music. 26 equal temperament matches this interval almost perfectly with an error of only 0.4 cents, but at the cost of the significant flatness of its major thirds and fifths. 31 equal temperament, which has much more accurate fifths and major thirds, approximates 8/7 with a slightly higher error of 1.1 cents.
Sources [ edit ]
^ Haluska, Jan (2003). The Mathematical Theory of Tone Systems, p.xxiii. ISBN 0-8247-4714-3. Septimal whole tone.
^ Partch, Harry (1979). , p.68. Genesis of a Music ISBN 0-306-80106-X.
^ Royal Society (Great Britain) (1880, digitized Feb 26, 2008). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Volume 30, p.531. Harvard University.
^ Society of Arts (Great Britain) (1877, digitized Nov 19, 2009). Journal of the Society of Arts, Volume 25, p.670. The Society.
^ Andrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002). Cooking with Csound: Woodwind and Brass Recipes, p.131. ISBN 0-89579-507-8. "Super-Major Second".
^ a b Leta E. Miller, Fredric Lieberman (2006). Lou Harrison, p.72. ISBN 0-252-03120-2.
^ Leta E. Miller, ed. (1988). Lou Harrison: Selected keyboard and chamber music, 1937-1994, p.xliii. ISBN 978-0-89579-414-7.
Numbers in brackets are the number of semitones in the interval.
Fractional semitones are approximate.