Sepulveda Boulevard

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Sepulveda Boulevard
Sepulvedablvdnearrenaldi.jpg
Sepulveda Boulevard near its northern terminus at Rinaldi Street
Part of SR 1 between Manhattan Beach and north of LAX Airport
Maintained byBureau of Street Services, City of L.A. DPW, City of Culver City, City of El Segundo, City of Manhattan Beach, City of Hermosa Beach, City of Torrance, City of Carson, Co. of L.A. DPW, Caltrans
Length42.8 mi (68.9 km)
South end SR 91Artesia Boulevard
Major
junctions
North endSan Fernando Road in Sylmar

Sepulveda Boulevard is a major street and transportation corridor in the City of Los Angeles and several other cities in western Los Angeles County, California. It is around 42.8 miles (68.9 km) in length, making it the longest street in the city and county of Los Angeles and parallels Interstate 405 for much of its route.[1]

Sepulveda Boulevard runs from near Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) where it passes under the runways, Westside regions, and over the Santa Monica Mountains at the Sepulveda Pass into the San Fernando Valley.

History[edit]

In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, the first Europeans to see inland areas of California, traveled north through Sepulveda pass on August 5. The party had been travelling west, intending to reach and follow the coast, but were discouraged by the steep coastal cliffs beginning at today's Pacific Palisades and decided to detour inland. They found the pass through the Santa Monica Mountains and followed it into the San Fernando Valley.[2] The pass had originally been a faint footpath used by the native Tongva people.[3]

Sepulveda Boulevard was named in 1925 after 19th century cattle rancher Francisco Sepulveda whose ranch, Rancho San Vicente y Santa Monica, extended from the route to the Pacific Ocean.[1] Between Lincoln Boulevard and San Fernando Road (formerly US 99), the road was once signed as State Route 7 until being replaced by Interstate 405.[3][4] The part of the route that runs through the San Fernando Valley was a major hub of prostitution.[5] The entertainment industry has also utilized the street. The 1931 comedy film Everything's Rosie has a chase scene that goes through the newly built Sepulveda Blvd tunnel. In 1946, Jay Livingston & Ray Evans wrote "SEPULVEDA" in tribute to the street. "SEPULVEDA" was recorded by Alvino Rey and his Orchestra with Joanne Ryan, Capitol Records, 262 and The King's Jesters, Vogue Records, 766.[6]

Name changes[edit]

Portions of Sepulveda Boulevard have had the name changed. Hermosa Beach historian John Hales said that the city adopted the name of Pacific Coast Highway in 1947 to possibly end a dispute to whether to name the route Sepulveda or Camino Real.[7] In 2018 the city of El Segundo decided to change the name to Pacific Coast Highway to better appeal to visitors as being a coastal community.[8]

Route[edit]

Sepulveda Boulevard from a Boeing 757 on approach to LAX
Sepulveda Boulevard Tunnel, Opened in 1930
Sepulveda Blvd., Sepulveda Pass

There are currently 3 different Sepulveda Boulevards. The longest and most significant route begins from the south at SR 91 (Artesia Boulevard) in Manhattan Beach as a continuation of SR 1. In 2018, the city of El Segundo renamed their portion of SR 1 to Pacific Coast Highway from Rosecrans Avenue to Imperial Highway where SR 1 continues again as Sepulveda Boulevard.[9] Past Imperial Highway, it crosses the western terminus of the Century Freeway (I-105), going through the LAX Airport Tunnel to pass under its runways. The road then passes through an interchange with Century Boulevard, which provides access to LAX's terminals to the west and the San Diego Freeway (I-405) to the east.

At the north end of LAX, SR 1 branches to the west as Lincoln Boulevard while Sepulveda Boulevard continues north to become a primary thoroughfare through the Westside region cities and communities of Westchester, Culver City, West Los Angeles, and Westwood. In Culver City, north of Slauson Avenue, it merges for a few blocks with Jefferson Boulevard. From Jefferson, Sepulveda Boulevard runs parallel to I-405 as it goes through West Los Angeles and Westwood, passing the Los Angeles National Cemetery.

After going past Bel Air, it parallels the freeway up the Sepulveda Canyon. At the Skirball Cultural Center, Sepulveda Boulevard then curves west away from I-405, passes through a tunnel under Mulholland Drive, and then follows a serpentine route down the north side of the Sepulveda Pass. It then passes under I-405 just before crossing Ventura Boulevard in Sherman Oaks. Sepulveda Boulevard then runs parallel to the east of I-405, crossing the Ventura Freeway (US 101) and the Los Angeles Metro G Line rapid transit route, and through the San Fernando Valley communities of Van Nuys and North Hills, to its northern terminus at the Rinaldi Street interchange with I-405 in Mission Hills.

Another section of Sepulveda Boulevard in Sylmar, running from Roxford Street to San Fernando Road, is primarily a frontage road along the Golden State Freeway (I-5). Prior to the construction of the 405 freeway in the 1960s, that disjunct piece and the main section of Sepulveda Boulevard were one continuous street, separated when the 405 freeway interchange with the Golden State Freeway was built atop the section between Rinaldi and Roxford Streets.[citation needed]

Another east-west route called Sepulveda Boulevard is located in the South Bay area that continues east as Willow St. near SR 103 and west as Camino Real before Torrance Boulevard.

Public transportation[edit]

Street buses[edit]

Public transit along Sepulveda Boulevard is provided by several different bus lines. The north-south part provides bus service in the San Fernando Valley by Metro Local line 234,[10] through the Sepulveda Pass by Metro Rapid line 761, through West Los Angeles, Culver City and LAX by Culver City Transit Line 6 and Rapid 6,[11] and from LAX onwards by Metro Local line 232.[12] The west-east portion of Sepulveda Boulevard provides bus service by Torrance Transit line 7.[13]

Major intersections[edit]

Location Destinations Notes
Manhattan Beach SR 91 (Artesia Boulevard) South end of Sepulveda Boulevard
Rosecrans Avenue
Renamed Pacific Coast Highway in El Segundo in 2018
El Segundo Imperial Highway
LAX I-105
Century Boulevard
Westchester Lincoln Boulevard
Manchester Boulevard Former SR 42
Culver City SR 90 (Marina Freeway)
Mar VistaPalms Venice Boulevard (SR 187)
West Los Angeles SR 2 (Santa Monica Boulevard)
WestwoodSawtelle Wilshire Boulevard
BrentwoodBel Air Sunset Boulevard
Sherman Oaks Ventura Boulevard Former Bus. US 101
Van Nuys US 101 (Ventura Freeway)
Mission Hills SR 118 (Simi Valley Freeway)
San Fernando
I-405 (San Diego Freeway) to I-5 north (Golden State Freeway) / Rinaldi Street
Gap in route
Sylmar Roxford Street
San Fernando Road North end of Sepulveda Boulevard

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rasmussen, Cecilia (December 10, 2006). "The Long and the Short of the Southland's Street Names". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  2. ^ Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. pp. 150–151.
  3. ^ a b Masters, Nathan (June 27, 2017). "How Sepulveda Canyon Became the 405". kcet.org. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  4. ^ Los Angeles and Vicinity (Map). 1939. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  5. ^ Krikorian, Michael (June 19, 2001). "Prostitution Is Still a Problem on Sepulveda". Los Angeles times. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  6. ^ "Sepulveda 1946". rayevans.org. The Ray & Wyn Ritchie Evans Foundation. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  7. ^ Pool, Bob (February 5, 2004). "Winding Street Tells Tale of L.A., Past and Present". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
  8. ^ "El Segundo Renames Portion of Sepulveda To PCH". CBS Los Angeles. June 19, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  9. ^ "El Segundo renames Sepulveda Boulevard". abc7.com. June 6, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
  10. ^ "Line 234" (PDF). LA Metro.
  11. ^ "Line 6 Sepulveda Blvd". www.culvercity.org. Culver City. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Line 232" (PDF). LA Metro.
  13. ^ "Torrance Line 7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-06.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata