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|• Pinyin||Shí lónggǎng|
|• Mayors||Central Singapore CDC
North East CDC
South East CDC
|• Members of Parliament||Aljunied GRC
Ang Mo Kio GRC
Marine Parade GRC
|• Total||10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi)|
|• Residential||1.63 km2 (0.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (30,000/sq mi)|
Serangoon is bordered by these planning areas – Sengkang to the north, Hougang to the east, Ang Mo Kio and Bishan to the west, as well as Toa Payoh to the south. Serangoon planning area has a total of seven subzones: Serangoon Central, Lorong Chuan, Upper Paya Lebar, Serangoon Garden, Serangoon North, Seletar Hills and Serangoon North Industrial Estate.
Tamil Muslim traders from India pioneered the settlement of Serangoon in the early 19th century. Serangoon Road was first identified as a bridle path in 1821, and by 1822 it had reached the present Woodsville Corner. A road was proposed in 1822 and by 1827, the road reached Sungei Serangoon (Malay for Serangoon River).
It is difficult to say what the word Serangoon actually means. The etymology of the word is uncertain. The most plausible view holds that it was derived from a small marsh bird, the burong ranggong in Malay, which was common in the swamps of Sungei Serangoon (formerly the Rangon River). It had a black back, white breast, long, sharp bill, grey crest, long neck and unwebbed feet.
On early maps of Singapore, the name of the area is called Seranggong. Se is short for satu, or "one", in Malay. An alternative derivation is offered by Haji Sidek, an amateur etymologist interested in Malay place names, who speculates that the name Serangoon is derived from the Malay words diserang dengan gong, which means "to be attacked by gongs and drums". According to Haji Sidek, people used to go to Benut in Johore through the Serangoon area and had to use gongs to frighten off wild animals and snakes which used to roam the jungle covered area. Serang dengan gong gradually became Serangoon over the years.
Siddique and Puru Shotam, however, argue that such as derivation meant that the name developed after the road, which is inconsistent with the fact that the term ranggong predates the development of the road.
In the 1828 Franklin and Jackson's Plan of Singapore, there are three references to Rangung: Tanjong "Rangung", the River "Rangung" and the Island "Rangung". In Coleman's 1836 Map of Singapore, the names Tanjong Rangon and Rangon River can already be found. Rangong in Malay means "warped or shrunken", as of the plane of a wall, roof or decking. It is evident that the road cut from Selegi was named by the early references to "Rangung" in the north-east of the island – one road linking the swamp bird area of ranggong – hence "Serangoon".
The northern tip of Serangoon Road is known as nan sheng hua yuen pien (南生花園邊), or "fringe of garden in the south", which referred to the Chinese vegetable gardens in the Bendemeer area. This general area was also termed mang chai chiao (feet of the jackfruit) because of the many jackfruit trees which grew there. The Hokkien Chinese name for Serangoon Road was au kang in, meaning "back creek". The Chinese refer to Serangoon Garden as ang sali.
The main occupants of the area were, however, the Indian community. Indians congregated here from 1826 to work in the brick kilns செங்கல் சூளை and cattle industries situated here. The kilns were discontinued in 1860 and the cattle sheds were removed by the municipality in 1936. The area, however, remains predominantly Indian and today is known as "Little India", லிட்டில் இந்தியா the locus of Singapore Indian retailing, everyday culture and festivities.
The Sri Veeramakaliamman Temple ஸ்ரீ வீரமாகாளியம்மன் கோயில் on Serangoon Road built more than a century ago went under rebuilding for three years (1984–1987) costing S$2.2 million. Consecration ceremony of the new temple took place on 8 February 1987.
Development of Serangoon New Town began in 1982, with the first few HDB flats being built as Neighbourhood 3 and as a portion of Neighbourhood 2. Subsequently, Serangoon Central started development in 1984 and was completed in 1989.
A large part of the North East MRT Line runs in parallel with this arterial road. Stations that are located along this road includes Little India, Farrer Park, Boon Keng, Potong Pasir, Woodleigh, Serangoon and Kovan.
Serangoon Neighbourhood 1, some parts of Neighbourhood 2 and Serangoon Garden fall under the Aljunied GRC (Serangoon division), served by the Workers' Party, while the area surrounding Upper Paya Lebar Road lies within the Aljunied GRC Paya Lebar division. Prior to 2006, Serangoon division belonged to the Marine Parade GRC, which administers Serangoon Neighbourhoods 2, 3 and 4 in the Braddell Heights division till this day. Neighbourhood 5 in Serangoon North falls under the Ang Mo Kio GRC (Jalan Kayu division).
- City Population – statistics, maps and charts | Serangoon
- HDB Key Statistics FY 2014/2015 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "Statistics Singapore - Geographic Distribution - 2018 Latest Data". Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- Tamil Muslim traders pioneer settlement of Serangoon in early 19th century Archived 14 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Interchange in new town opens on Sunday". The Straits Times. 8 March 1988. Retrieved 23 June 2017 – via NewspaperSG.
- "Bus Services Operating From The New Serangoon Bus Interchange". SBS Transit. 25 August 2017. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
- School Information Service
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics – A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1