Serbia and Montenegro at the Olympics

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Serbia and Montenegro at the
Olympics
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg
IOC code SCG
NOC Olympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro
Medals
Gold Silver Bronze Total
2 4 3 9
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
 Yugoslavia (1920–1992 W)
 Independent Olympic Participants (1992 S)
 Montenegro (2008–)
 Serbia (1912, 2008–)
 Kosovo (2016–)

The former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) was represented at the Olympic Games on six occasions between 1996 and 2006, when the union was dissolved and Montenegro and Serbia each declared full independence.

History[edit]

Yugoslavia had been represented at every Summer Olympic Games from 1920–1988, and all but two Winter Olympic Games between 1924–1988. Because of the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991 and 1992, Olympic participation changed. Newly independent Croatia and Slovenia sent their own delegations to the 1992 Winter Olympics, with Yugoslavia represented by athletes from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.[1] These would be the last Games for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was established in April 1992, consisting of the Republic of Montenegro and the Republic of Serbia. However, United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (adopted May 30, 1992)[2] called upon states to:

Take the necessary steps to prevent the participation in sporting events on their territory of persons or groups representing the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro);

— Paragraph 8(b)

Despite this, the International Olympic Committee decided unanimously that athletes from Serbia and Montenegro (and also Macedonia) could compete in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. The conditions imposed were that the athletes would compete as Independent Olympic Participants (IOP), wear white clothing without distinctive signs, and use the Olympic Anthem and Olympic flag in victory ceremonies.[3] The athletes could not participate at the opening and closing ceremonies of the games. A team of 52 athletes competed in individual events, with three medals won in shooting. The restriction for individual athletes meant that the men's water polo team, the women's basketball team, and the men's and women's handball teams could not compete, despite having qualified for the Games.[4]

The continued sanctions against FR Yugoslavia meant that no athletes could qualify to compete or even to compete under the Olympic flag at the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer.[5] The sanctions were lifted in time for the next Olympiad.

At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, the team was designated Yugoslavia, using the same IOC code (YUG) as the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1988 and previous Games.[6] despite the fact that FR Yugoslavia had not been recognized as the successor to SFRY. The team of 68 athletes participated in 13 sports and won four medals.[7] In Sydney for the 2000 Summer Olympics, the Yugoslavia[8] team participated with 111 athletes in 14 sports and won three medals.[9]

In 2003, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia reconstituted as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and the nation was designated Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) for the first time at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.[10] The team of 87 athletes competed in 14 sports and won two silver medals.[11]

After the Montenegrin independence referendum in 2006, the state union was dissolved and each nation declared independence. The Olympic Committee of Serbia succeeded the NOC for Serbia and Montenegro in June 2006,[12] with approval of the Assembly of the Olympic Committee of Serbia and Montenegro. The newly formed Montenegrin Olympic Committee was recognized by the IOC in July 2007.[13] At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing Serbia returned at the Olympic after 96 years under this name while Montenegro made debut as independent nation.

Kosovo, a former autonomous province, was subsequently granted an independent status by the International Olympic Committee.[14] The Committee provisionally recognised the Olympic Committee of Kosovo and gave it full membership on 9 December 2014.[15] Kosovar athletes made their Olympic debut under the flag of Kosovo at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[16]

Medal tables[edit]

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

Year Sports Competitors Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
United States 1996 Atlanta 13 68 1 1 2 4 41
Australia 2000 Sydney 14 109 1 1 1 3 44
Greece 2004 Athens 14 87 0 2 0 2 61
Total 2 4 3 9 80

Medals by Winter Games[edit]

Year Sports Competitors Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
Japan 1998 Nagano 1 2 0 0 0 0
United States 2002 Salt Lake City 2 6 0 0 0 0
Italy 2006 Turin 4 7 0 0 0 0
Total 0 0 0 0

Medals by sport[edit]

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Shooting 1 2 1 4
Volleyball 1 0 1 2
Water polo 0 1 1 2
Basketball 0 1 0 1
Total 2 4 3 9

List of medalists[edit]

This list includes all competitors who won Olympic medals for Serbia and Montenegro, while competing as Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (YUG) in 1996 and 2000, and Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) in 2004.[17]

Medal Name Games Sport Event
 Gold Ivošev, AleksandraAleksandra Ivošev United States 1996 Atlanta Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Women's 50 m rifle three positions
 Silver National basketball team
Miroslav Berić
Dejan Bodiroga
Predrag Danilović
Vlade Divac
Aleksandar Đorđević
Nikola Lončar
Saša Obradović
Žarko Paspalj
Željko Rebrača
Zoran Savić
Dejan Tomašević
Milenko Topić
United States 1996 Atlanta Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball Men's competition
 Bronze Ivošev, AleksandraAleksandra Ivošev United States 1996 Atlanta Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Women's 10 m air rifle
 Bronze National volleyball team
Vladimir Batez
Dejan Brđović
Đorđe Đurić
Andrija Gerić
Nikola Grbić
Vladimir Grbić
Rajko Jokanović
Slobodan Kovač
Đula Mešter
Žarko Petrović
Željko Tanasković
Goran Vujević
United States 1996 Atlanta Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball Men's competition
 Gold National volleyball team
Vladimir Batez
Slobodan Boškan
Andrija Gerić
Nikola Grbić
Vladimir Grbić
Slobodan Kovač
Đula Mešter
Vasa Mijić
Ivan Miljković
Veljko Petković
Goran Vujević
Igor Vušurović
Australia 2000 Sydney Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball Men's competition
 Silver SekaricJasna Šekarić Australia 2000 Sydney Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Women's 10 m air pistol
 Bronze National water polo team
Aleksandar Ćirić
Danilo Ikodinović
Viktor Jelenić
Nikola Kuljača
Aleksandar Šapić
Dejan Savić
Aleksandar Šoštar
Petar Trbojević
Veljko Uskoković
Jugoslav Vasović
Vladimir Vujasinović
Nenad Vukanić
Predrag Zimonjić
Australia 2000 Sydney Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo Men's competition
 Silver SekaricJasna Šekarić Greece 2004 Athens Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Women's 10 m air pistol
 Silver National water polo team
Aleksandar Ćirić
Vladimir Gojković
Danilo Ikodinović
Viktor Jelenić
Predrag Jokić
Nikola Kuljača
Slobodan Nikić
Aleksandar Šapić
Dejan Savić
Denis Šefik
Petar Trbojević
Vanja Udovičić
Vladimir Vujasinović
Greece 2004 Athens Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo Men's competition

Flagbearers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yugoslavia - 1992". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-13. [dead link]
  2. ^ "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". University of Minnesota Human Rights Center. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  3. ^ "Decisions of the 99th Session" (PDF). Olympic Review. International Olympic Committee (299): 415–416. September 1992. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  4. ^ "Games of the XXV Olympiad - Barcelona 1992". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  5. ^ "XVII Games - Lillehammer 1994". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  6. ^ (ed.) Watkins, Ginger T. (1997). The Official Report of the Centennial Olympic Games, Volume III The Competition Results (PDF). Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers. pp. viii–ix. ISBN 1-56145-150-9. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Yugoslavia - 1996". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  8. ^ Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. (2001). "National Olympic Committees". Official Report of the XXVII Olympiad, Volume Three: Results (PDF). Sydney Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. pp. 1–5. ISBN 0-9579616-1-8. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  9. ^ "Yugoslavia - 2000". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-15. [dead link]
  10. ^ (ed.) Skarveli, Efharis; Zervos, Isabel (November 2005). Official Report of the XXVIII Olympiad, Volume Two: The Games (PDF). Athens 2004 Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. pp. 528–529. ISBN 960-88101-7-5. Retrieved 2008-02-05. 
  11. ^ "Serbia and Montenegro". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  12. ^ "Olympic Committee of Serbia". Olympic Committee of Serbia. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  13. ^ "Two new National Olympic Committees on board!". International Olympic Committee. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  14. ^ Kosovo given go-ahead by IOC to take part in 2016 Olympics
  15. ^ Olympics: IOC has no concerns over Kosovo recognition
  16. ^ "Kosovo to compete at Rio 2016 Olympics after recognition from IOC", Associated Press, 9 December 2014.
  17. ^ "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 

External links[edit]