Serbian Action

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Serbian Action

Србска Акција
Srbska Akcija
Founded2010
IdeologyUltranationalism
Serbian nationalism[1]
Christian nationalism[2][3]
Clerical fascism[4]
Orthodox traditionalism[2]
Revolutionary nationalism[1]
Monarchism[1][2]
Economic nationalism
Social conservatism
Agrarianism
Hard Euroscepticism[1]
Russophilia[2]
Anti-Atlanticism[1]
Anti-globalism[1]
Anti-multiculturalism[1]
Anti-communism[1][3]
Anti-Zionism[1]
Anti-particracy
Homophobia[5]
Natalism[1]
Political positionThird Position (official)[1]
Far-right
ReligionSerbian Orthodox Church
ColorsRed, white
Website
akcija.org (Serbian)
akcija.org/serbian-action (English)

Serbian Action (Serbian: Србска Акција / Srbska Akcija) is an ultranationalist and clerical fascist[4] movement, active in Serbia since 2010.[5][6]

The organization is often described in the media, by political opponents and certain observers as neo-fascist[7][8][9][10] or neo-Nazi.[5][11][12] However, other academics suggest that accusations of neo-Nazism are based on the fact that Serbian Action uses the celtic cross and shows sympathy for Dimitrije Ljotic and Milan Nedic, although its ideology is primarily clericalist and Christian nationalist;[2][3] so that Serbian Action would rather be comparable to Obraz, with some neo-Nazi aspects within the organisation[2].

Ideology[edit]

Ideals of Serbian Action are largely based on teachings of saint Nikolaj Velimirović and Serbian politician Dimitrije Ljotić[3], leader of pro-Italian and pro-Nazi fascist movement Yugoslav National Movement. Orthodox Christianity is seen as one of the main pillars of society and they are strongly against secularism, advocating for the restoration of Orthodox monarchy[2] that would be "expressed through the testamental Serbian vertical: God - King – Homekeeper". Greater cooperation between Christian Orthodox nations are presented as alternative to EU integrations. Serbian Action also holds strong anti-democratic views and expresses the idea of Parliament made up of representatives of professions rather than representatives of political parties. Considering themselves as pan-European and anti-Zionist, their actions are against multiculturalism, promotion of LGBT rights and drug legalization and for preservation of Serbian people and their biological survival.[1]

Furthermore, Serbian Action presents itself as third positionist and as an Orthodox Christian revolutionary nationalist movement, asserting that nationalism and fight for social justice are linked.[1]

Activists of Serbian Action honoring with torchlight 70 years since the death of Serbian ideologist Dimitrije Ljotić.

Activists of Serbian Action are encouraged to improve themselves spiritually and physically, all in purpose to become a "political soldier".

History[edit]

Serbian Action became more known to the public in late 2014, when authorities arrested some of their members for hate speech, for distributing flyers against illegal settlements of Romani people.[13]

After the outbreak of civil unrest in Ukraine, a couple of activists from Serbian Action volunteered and fought in Donbass. They have criticized the Serbian government for tolerating the volunteering of people to ISIS, but persecuting volunteers from Ukraine.[14]

Serbian Action volunteers in Ukraine

In 2014, Serbian Action members attended a yearly Polish march in support of the Serbian claim on Kosovo, named "Kosowo jest serbskie" (Kosovo is Serbia).

In May 2014, during the large floods, activists of Serbian Action volunteered with supplies and men to help people that were affected by the tragedy.

On the 11th of July, Serbian Action published a text on their site, "Ђенерале, хвала ти!" ("General, thank you!"), giving thanks to Ratko Mladić for the liberation of Srebrenica, where they say that the massacre of 5.000 Bosniaks is Western anti-Serbian propaganda.

On the 22nd of March 2015, Serbian Action attended a Russian international conservative forum.[15]

Serbian Action is also active on universities, organizing meetings and protests. The authority banned their meetings on the subject of Communist crimes, in response to which Serbian Action claimed that the Communists and their repressions are still present in universities.[16]

In 2015 they organized a student march to mark 20 years since Operation Storm, and to protest Croatian celebration of it. Thousands attended the march.

During the peak of the immigrant crisis in Europe, Serbian Action called for a racist protest against immigration and asylum seekers. The protest was banned by Serbian police, who prevented anyone from attending.

On the 19th of September, Serbian Action organized a march with the slogan "For healthy Serbia". It was a counter-march to an LGBT parade. Around one thousand people attended.

They are known for glorification of Milan Nedić, the leader of the Serbian puppet government during World War II, who collaborated with the Germans and was responsible for prosecution of Jews and Serbian communists during war.

International cooperation[edit]

Serbian Action has strong cooperation with Greek nationalist party Golden Dawn. They have exchanged visits on marches and supported each other. In 2013 activists of Serbian Action demonstrated and distributed propaganda material in support of persecuted members of Golden Dawn. In the same year, Golden Dawn representative joined and supported march of Serbian Action. In 2015, Serbian Action congratulated Golden Dawn on their result of 7,5% vote.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "SA:English". Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Jovo Bakic (February 2013), Right-Wing Extremism in Serbia (PDF), Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, retrieved 18 March 2019, However, Srbska akcija is somewhere between Obraz, of which its founders were also members, and a neo-Nazi movement. It combines neo-Nazism with the classical fascism of the 1930s and 1940s, so it advocates the »Orthodox Feudal Estate Monarchy« relying on »fraternal Russia«, but also on »those Western powers who fight for the Europe of nations«, since »the more the non-European and Moslem factor is present in other European nations, the stronger it will be in ours, and vice versa«. »Ideološke osnove« (Ideological Basis); http://www.srb-akcija.org/ izdvajamo/198/ideologija/ (accessed on 28 June 2012).
  3. ^ a b c d Ljubomir Delevic (6 November 2013). "Introduction to nationalism in Serbia". your-art.sk. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b Dijana Jelača, Maša Kolanović, Danijela Lugarić : The Cultural Life of Capitalism in Yugoslavia: (Post)Socialism and Its Other
  5. ^ a b c Vuk Z. Cvijić (3 December 2014). "Pobegao vođa nacista poternica za organizatorom deljenja sramnih letaka protiv Roma" (in Serbian). Blic.
  6. ^ Predrag Petrović; Isidora Stakić (29 May 2018). "Western Balkans: extremism research forum" (PDF). www.britishcouncil.rs. British Council. pp. 9–10. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  7. ^ "The UK and the future of the Western Balkans Contents. Chapter 9: Extremism and anti-democratic nationalism". www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  8. ^ Sava Devuric (2013). History of Organized Fascism in Serbia. The Anarchist Library.
  9. ^ "SOLIDARITY WITH SKOJ LEADER ALEKSANDAR DJENIC". NKPJ. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  10. ^ "The KKE denounces the neo-fascist attacks against communists in Serbia and the provocative state persecution of the secretary of the Communist Youth (SKOJ)". inter.kke.gr. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  11. ^ Vuk Z. Cvijic (5 December 2014). "Otkrivamo pravnik na celu nacistickog stroja" (in Serbian). Blic. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  12. ^ Christian Unger (13 June 2015). "Roma – ein unsicheres Leben am Rand von Europa". www.abendblatt.de (in German). Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Novine novosadske: Uhapšen aktivista "Srbska Akcija" zbog poziva na linč roma" (in Serbian).
  14. ^ "SA:Правда за новоруске добровољце!" (in Serbian).
  15. ^ "SA: Велики националистички конгрес у Русији" (in Serbian).
  16. ^ "Blic:Tribina" (in Serbian).
  17. ^ "SA:Нови успех грчих другова!" (in Serbian).
  18. ^ "ethnikismos.net" (in Greek).

External links[edit]