Serb Democratic Party (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
|Founded||12 July 1990|
|Ideology||Serbian nationalism[better source needed]
|House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina||
5 / 42
|National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska||
17 / 83
6,800 / 29,670
The Serb Democratic Party (Serbian: Српска демократска Странка/Srpska Demokratska Stranka; abbr. СДС/SDS) is a Serb political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is currently led by Mladen Bosić, who succeeded Dragan Čavić.
In the parliamentary elections of October 2006, the SDS lost its status as the leading party in Republika Srpska and the main Serb party in Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD), led by the Prime Minister of Republika Srpska Milorad Dodik.
The Serb Democratic Party is under sanctions from the United States for "failing to arrest and turn over war crimes suspects to an international tribunal." The sanctions prohibit any transfer of funds and material from the United States to the SDS and vice versa. The party is on the list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons by the Office of Foreign Assets Control U.S. agency.
The SDS made major gains in the 2012 elections.
Radovan Karadžić founded the Serb Democratic Party in 1990. The party aimed at unifying the Bosnian Serb community, as Jovan Rašković's Serb Democratic Party did with the Serbs in Croatia, and staying part of Yugoslavia (as the "Third Yugoslavia" with Serbia and Montenegro) in the event of secession by those two republics from the federation.
Throughout September 1991, the SDS began to establish various "Serb Autonomous Regions" throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. After the Bosnian parliament voted on sovereignty on 15 October 1991, a separate Serb Assembly was founded on 24 October 1991 in Banja Luka, in order to exclusively represent the Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The following month, Bosnian Serbs held a referendum which resulted in an overwhelming vote in favour of staying in a federal state with Serbia and Montenegro, as part of Yugoslavia. In December 1991, a top secret document entitled ‘For the organisation and activity of organs of the Serbs people in Bosnia-Herzegovina in extraordinary circumstances’ was drawn up by the SDS leadership. This was a centralised programme for the takeover of each municipality in the country, through the creation of shadow governments and para-governmental structures through various "crisis headquarters", and by preparing loyal Serbs for the takeover in co-ordination with the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA).
- Legislative, Republika Srpska
|Election||In coalition with||Votes won||Percentage||Seats won||Change|
|(Coalition totals)||(SDS only)|
45 / 83
24 / 83
19 / 83
31 / 83
26 / 83
17 / 83
18 / 83
|2014 (October)||SRS RS||173,824||26.26%||
21 / 83
Notable former members
- Radovan Karadžić (active 1989-1996) - founder and first president of the SDS. On trial at the International Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY); for crimes against humanity, crimes against life and health, genocide, grave breaches of the Geneva Convention, murder, plunder, and violations of the laws or customs of war.
- Momčilo Krajišnik - convicted of genocide, crimes against humanity, violations of the laws of war, and grave breaches of the Geneva Convention.
- Biljana Plavšić (active 1989-1997) - pleaded guilty to one count of crimes against humanity for her part in persecuting Bosnian Muslims and Croats during the Bosnian War.
- Milorad Ekmečić - historian
- Nikola Koljević
- Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "BOSNIA: Elezioni politiche, vince l’istinto di conservazione". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "BOSNIA: Verso le elezioni. Molte incertezze, poche speranze". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Predstavnici SDA, HDZ, HDZ 1990, PDP i SDS potpisali Deklaraciju o evropskim vrijednostima". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "ABC: ABC". Retrieved 5 July 2015.
-  Archived July 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "US Places Sanctions on Bosnian Serb Officials". L.A. Times. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 26 October 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said that, under the sanctions, any assets the Serbian Democratic Party had in the United States would be frozen. In addition, he said, any members of that party or its partner, the Party for Democratic Progress, would be banned from entering the United States.
- "Office of Foreign Assets Control black list" (PDF). Office of Foreign Assets Control. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- Gow, James (2003). The Serbian Project and Its Aversaries: A Strategy of War Crimes. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 122–123. ISBN 1850654999.
- Caspersen, Nina (2010-01-01). Contested Nationalism: Serb Elite Rivalry in Croatia and Bosnia in the 1990s. Berghahn Books. pp. 79–. ISBN 9781845457266. Retrieved 21 December 2012.
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