Serb Democratic Party (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

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Not to be confused with Serb Democratic Party (Croatia).
Serb Democratic Party
Српска демократска Странка
Srpska Demokratska Stranka
Leader Mladen Bosić
Founder Radovan Karadžić
Founded 1990
Headquarters Istočno Sarajevo
Ideology Serbian nationalism[1][better source needed]
National conservatism[2][3][4][5]
Pro-Europeanism[6][7][8]
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
Colours Blue
Ethnic group Serbs
House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina
5 / 42
National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska
22 / 83
Municipalities:
6,800 / 29,670
Website
www.sdsrs.com
Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political parties
Elections

The Serb Democratic Party (Serbian: Српска демократска Странка/Srpska Demokratska Stranka; abbr. СДС/SDS) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is currently led by Mladen Bosić, who succeeded Dragan Čavić.

In the parliamentary elections of October 2006, the SDS lost its status as the leading party in Republika Srpska and the main Serb party in Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD), led by the Prime Minister of Republika Srpska Milorad Dodik.

The Serb Democratic Party is under sanctions from the United States. The sanctions prohibit any transfer of funds and material from the United States to the SDS and vice versa.[9]

The SDS made major gains in the 2012 elections.

History[edit]

Establishment[edit]

Radovan Karadžić founded the Serb Democratic Party in 1990. The party aimed at unifying the Bosnian Serb community, as Jovan Rašković's Serb Democratic Party did with the Serbs in Croatia, and staying part of Yugoslavia (as the "Third Yugoslavia" with Serbia and Montenegro) in the event of secession by those two republics from the federation.

1991[edit]

Throughout September 1991, the SDS began to establish various "Serb Autonomous Regions" throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. After the Bosnian parliament voted on sovereignty on 15 October 1991, a separate Serb Assembly was founded on 24 October 1991 in Banja Luka, in order to exclusively represent the Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The following month, Bosnian Serbs held a referendum which resulted in an overwhelming vote in favour of staying in a federal state with Serbia and Montenegro, as part of Yugoslavia. In December 1991, a top secret document entitled ‘For the organisation and activity of organs of the Serbs people in Bosnia-Herzegovina in extraordinary circumstances’ was drawn up by the SDS leadership. This was a centralised programme for the takeover of each municipality in the country, through the creation of shadow governments and para-governmental structures through various "crisis headquarters", and by preparing loyal Serbs for the takeover in co-ordination with the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA).[10]

Election history[edit]

Legislative, Republika Srpska
Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change
(Coalition totals) (SDS only)
1996 (September) None
45 / 83
N/A
1997 (September) None
24 / 83
–21
1998 (September) None 160,370 21.67%
19 / 83
–3
2000 (September) None 226,226 36.09%
31 / 83
+12
2002 (October) None 159,164 31.19%
26 / 83
–5
2006 (October) None 103,035 18.27%
17 / 83
–9
2010 (October) None 120,136 18.97%
18 / 83
+1
2014 (October) SRS RS 173,824 26.26%
21 / 83
+3

Notable former members[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]