Serbian Revival

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The Serbian national awakening or Serbian Revival (Serbian: Српски препород / Srpski preporod) refers to a period in the history of the Serbs between the 18th century and the de jure establishment of the Principality of Serbia (1878). It began in Habsburg territory, in Sremski Karlovci.[1] The Serbian renaissance (Српска ренесанса / Srpska renesansa) is said to have begun in 17th-century Banat.[2] The Serbian Revival began earlier than the Bulgarian National Revival.[3] The first revolt in the Ottoman Empire to acquire a national character was the Serbian Revolution (1804–1817),[1] which was the culmination of the Serbian renaissance.[4] According to Jelena Milojković-Djurić: "The first literary and learned society among the Slavs was Matica srpska, founded by the leaders of Serbian revival in Pest in 1826."[5] Vojvodina became the cradle of the Serbian renaissance during the 19th century.[6] Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (1787–1864) was the most instrumental in this period.[7][8]

The Serbian Revival threatened to jeopardize Austria, to question its strategic interests.[9] The Serbs had established the short-lived Serbian Vojvodina during the 1848 Revolutions through armed conflict with the Hungarians, as part of the Revival.[10]

Although the Serbian Revival adopted the idea of cooperation between the Yugoslav peoples, and was influenced by its national policy basis and possibility of establishment of a Yugoslav state, it still, in a cultural and national-political view, stayed Pan-Serb.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b M. Şükrü Hanioğlu (8 March 2010). A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire. Princeton University Press. pp. 51–. ISBN 1-4008-2968-2.
  2. ^ Francis Deák (1942). Hungary at the Paris Peace Conference: The Diplomatic History of the Treaty of Trianon. Columbia University Press. p. 370.
  3. ^ Viktor Novak (1980). Revue historique. Иако је српски препород старији од бугар- ског, они су се надопуњивали. Књижевно „славеносрпски" и „сла- веноблгарски" су били блиски један другом, „нису се много разли- ковали и једнако су били доступни и за наше и за ...
  4. ^ Fred Singleton (21 March 1985). A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples. Cambridge University Press. pp. 72–. ISBN 978-0-521-27485-2.
  5. ^ Jelena Milojković-Djurić (1994). Panslavism and national identity in Russia and in the Balkans, 1830-1880: images of the self and others. East European Monographs. p. 21.
  6. ^ Paul Robert Magocsi (2002). Historical Atlas of Central Europe. University of Toronto Press. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-0-8020-8486-6.
  7. ^ Ingrid Merchiers (2007). Cultural Nationalism in the South Slav Habsburg Lands in the Early Nineteenth Century: The Scholary Network of Jernej Kopitar (1780-1844). DCL Print & Sign. ISBN 978-3-87690-985-1. The Serbian revival is especially linked with the name of Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic, who has been extensively studied and the subject of numerous monographs.
  8. ^ Soviet Literature. Foreign Languages Publishing House. January 1956. He helped Vuk Karadzich, prominent in the Serbian Renaissance, and one of the leading figures in the educational movement of his times,
  9. ^ Petar Milosavljević (1995). Srpski nacionalni program i srpska književnost. Narodna i univ. knjižnica. p. 73.
  10. ^ Jugoslovenski istoriski časopis. 5. 1939. p. 242. Српски препород. Ова глава почиње нашом борбом с Мађарима 1848/49. Она је била само један део велике европске револуције 1848 и вођена на наче- лима слободе народа и демократије, на којима је та рево- луција и почела.
  11. ^ Vasa Čubrilović (1982). Istorij̀a političke misli u Srbij̀i XIX veka. Narodna kn̂iga. p. 160.