Serbian comics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Serbian comics
Zigomarcomics.jpg
Zigomar by Nikola Navojev
Earliest publications late 19th century
Publishers Politika, Dečje novine, Borba, Forum, Dnevnik
Publications Mika Miš, Politikin Zabavnik, Kekec, Nikad robom, YU strip, Stripoteka
Creators Đorđe Lobačev, Branislav Kerac, Zoran Janjetov
Characters Zigomar, Dikan, Mirko i Slavko, Kobra, Cat Claw
Languages Serbian
Related articles
European comics

Serbian comics are comics produced in Serbia.

Comics are called stripovi in Serbian (singular strip) and come in all shapes and sizes, merging influences from American comics to bandes dessinées.

Comics started developing in Serbia in the late 19th century, mostly in humor and children’s magazines. Throughout the 20th century Serbian comics were part of Yugoslav comics. A large number of titles was published from 1932 to 1991, mainly in Serbo-Croatian language. After the breakup of Yugoslavia and the crisis in the 1990s, Serbian comics have experienced a revival.

History[edit]

The Golden Age (1932-1941)[edit]

In 1932 Veseli četvrtak, an illustrated magazine for children, appeared in Belgrade; an unusually large amount of space was allotted to cartoons. The magazine featured foreign works such as The Katzenjammer Kids and Felix the Cat but also Doživljaji Mike Miša (The Adventures of Mika the Mouse), a Mickey Mouse pastiche by Serbian authors. Other weeklies and dailies such as Vreme and Pravda followed suit.[1]

In 1934 one whole page of Politika was devoted to Secret Agent X-9. An editor named Dušan Timotijević christened the new art form "strip", after English "comic strip". In 1935, inspired by the adventures of Raymond's detective, Vlastimir Belkić created the first original character in Serbian comics named Hari Vils.[2] Similarly, two Russian immigrants, artist Đorđe Lobačev and writer Vadim Kurganski, began working on their first comic, called Krvavo nasledstvo (Bloody Heritage), serialized in the illustrated periodical Panorama.[3] Not only was it the first successful modern comic produced in Serbia, but also the first title set in Yugoslavia.[4]

When we started out, nobody thought how it’d all turn out, or what it’d become. How far we’d come! Simply put, we liked the new medium, although nobody realized it was a new medium.

— Đorđe Lobačev, in an interview to the Super ITD magazine, 1985

In addition to adventure comics, Walt Disney's funny animals were also popular at the time, especially Mickey Mouse, whose name was used in the titles of a number of comic publications (Mika Miš, Mikijeve novine, Mikijevo carstvo).

Later that year, the first two specialized comic magazines appeared - Strip and Crtani film. Their appearance and content were influenced by the Italian magazines Topolino, L'Audace and L'avvanturoso, as well as French magazines Le Journal de Mickey and Hop-là!. Another Russian immigrant named Nikola Navojev debuted in the pages of Strip. Although he died at the age of 27,[5] Navojev was a prolific author who created a number of characters for Strip, of which jungle girl Tarcaneta (Tarzanetta) is best-known today.[6]

Master Death, drawn by Đorđe Lobačev and published in Mikijevo carstvo on the eve of WWII, had a strong anti-war message.

Most of the Golden Age artists were Russian immigrants, collectively known as the Belgrade Circle and gathered at first around the Mika Miš magazine.

Soon enough it was transformed into a real comic magazine, reprinting foreign classics like Prince Valiant, Phantom and Flash Gordon, but also publishing comics by the local authors. Mika Miš lasted from 1936 to 1941, when it ended with issue 505.[7] Its domination would not be questioned until 1939 and the emergence of Mikijevo carstvo and Politikin Zabavnik. The key figures behind all three publications were editors Aleksandar J. Ivković and Milutin Ignjačević.[1]

The notable works included Ivan Šenšin's Hrabri vojnik Švejk (after The Good Soldier Schweik) and Zvonar Bogorodičine crkve (The Hunchback of Notre Damme), Sergej Solovjev's Carev štitonoša, Robin Hud (Robin Hood) and Ajvanho (Ivanhoe), Lobačev's Master Death, Baron Minhauzen (Baron Munchausen) and Biberče (Biberče), Konstantin Kuznjecov's Grofica Margo (Countess Margo) and Bajka o caru Saltanu (The Tale of Tsar Saltan). Unlike most of his contemporaries who were inspired by cultural classics and folklore, Sebastijan Lechner also wrote his own scripts, such as Džarto.[8] Navojev teamed up with comics writer Branko Vidić to create Zigomar. Some of the titles were reprinted in French and Turkish magazines,[9] while Zigomar was also published in Bulgaria, Italy and Argentina.[10] Other creators of "the first generation" included Vsevold Guljevič, Aleksije Ranhner, Đorđe Janković, Moma Marković, Marijan Ebner, Vojin Đorđević, Nikola Tiščenko, Dragan Savić and Đorđe Mali. Another young artist at the time, Živorad Mitrović would revisit this period in his 1982 film Savamala.[11]

From 1935 to 1941 about twenty comic magazines were launched in Serbia, published weekly and bi-weekly, mostly in black-and-white. They were sold throughout Yugoslavia. In order to boost sales in the western parts of Yugoslavia (today's Croatia and Slovenia), some publications were printed not only in the Serbian Cyrillic but also Latin alphabet. Comics were distributed through convenience stores, newsstands and newsboys, with an average print run of 10,000 - 30,000 copies.[12]

The Golden Age of Serbian comics ended with the Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941. After WWII some authors were executed as collaborators[13][14] by the new communist regime or forced to emigrate.[3][15][16]

1945 - 1990[edit]

After WWII the government considered comics worthless and harmful for children. In 1946 state-owned daily newspaper Borba criticized comics as “black market ersatz goods.”[17] For years to come, comics would be discouraged or outright banned. New magazines like Tri ugursuza (after Les Pieds nickelés) and Vrabac were short-lived, although comic strips and cartoons survived in the humor magazines Jež[18] and Mali Jež, where Milorad Dobrić and Dejan Nastić published in the 1960s.[19]

The outlook changed after the Tito-Stalin Split in 1948. In 1951 Walt Disney’s comics returned to Serbia’s newspapers. In 1952 Politikin Zabavnik was revived and is still published, having reached its 3000th issue in 2009.[20] Lobačev was welcomed back to the pages of Zabavnik in 1965. However, it would publish few local comics until Lazo Sredanović’s Dikan in 1969.[21] Zabavnik would boast a circulation of 450,000 in the 1970s.[22]

Dikan by Lazo Sredanović was commissioned by Politikin Zabavnik and modeled after Asterix.

Nevertheless, back in the 1950s comic magazines like Robinzon and Veseli zabavnik were still censored, but even the Yugoslav Army started publishing some.[23] Zdravko Sulić began his career in such a publication,[24] although the majority of his work would be printed in a new magazine called Kekec.

It was launched by Borba in 1957, featuring French comics such as Lucky Luke, Smurfs and Chlorophylle, but also domestic titles, including the works of "the second generation" of creators, like Aleksandar Hecl of Winnetou fame.[25] The first four-color comic publication reached the print run of 300,000 copies.[23] Kekec lasted for 1532 issues and ended in 1990.

1957 also saw teachers from the small town of Gornji Milanovac launch student newspaper Dečje novine, which grew into a major publisher. Their most successful characters were Mirko and Slavko, heroes of the eponymous comic book. In the 1960s the adventures of the two Partisans peaked at 200,000 copies per issue. To date, it is the only Yugoslav comic adapted into a live action movie.[26] The title was serialized in the Nikad robom comic book series, which also printed works by Petar Radičević (Mystery Knight), Radivoj Bogičević (Akant), Božidar Veselinović (Dabiša) and Živorad Atanacković (Hajduk Veljko), all inspired by the history of the South Slavs. The same publisher launched a number of other magazines, including Biblioteka Lale (which first reprinted Marvel comics in Yugoslavia) and Eks almanah (which introduced DC superheroes, among others).

Kobra by Branislav Kerac merged influences from action movies to bandes dessinées.

Starting as an Eks spin-off in 1977, the YU strip magazine turned to be the seminal publication for Serbian authors. Teamed up with writer Svetozar Obradović, Branislav Kerac had already debuted with Lieutenant Tara in the Zlatni kliker magazine.[27] The duo went on to create Kobra, the most popular Yugoslav comic of the 1980s. Kerac’s super-heroine Cat Claw reached even greater success abroad.[28] A number of local creators (Zoran Janjetov, R.M. Guera, Darko Perović, Zoran Tucić, Vujadin Radovanović, Željko Pahek, Dejan Nenadov, Vladimir Krstić and many others) published their early stories in YU strip before they went on to work for foreign publishers. The magazine lasted for 85 issues and ended in 1987.

By the late 1970s, the scene rebounded after the blow it suffered from the 1972 tax law[29] which targeted not only the yellow press but also comics. From 1971 to 1981, 11,611 issues of comics and pulp novels were printed in Yugoslavia, a total of 717 million copies in the country of 22 million people.[30]

Meanwhile, the student press welcomed comics studies[31] and alternative comics of "the third generation",[32] inspired by Métal hurlant. The Pegaz magazine was another publication that nurtured comics theory; it was also where the award-winning Svemironi strip by Lazar Stanojević premiered in 1975.[33]

In addition, comic groups like Belgrade Circle 2 and Bauhaus 7 appeared, comic album was introduced as a new format, and the first animated short based on a comic was filmed.[34] The mass media embraced comics insomuch that the national television produced an educational series on the medium.[35]

Another new trend in the 1960s was the emergence of more comic magazines outside of Belgrade. Published by Forum in Novi Sad, Panorama was eventually transformed into Stripoteka, which reached issue 1000 in 2004[36] and still comes out today. Dnevnik launched Zlatna serija and Lunov magnus strip, featuring Italian comic books like Tex and Zagor. In the 1980s Kerac collaborated with teams of writers and artists while working on licensed Tarzan and Blek comics for these two publishers. The list included artists Branko Plavšić, Goran Đukić, Miodrag Ivanović, Pavel Koza, Marinko Lebović, Petar Meseldžija, Milan Miletić, Sibin Slavković and Dragan Stokić Rajački. The Ninja and Lun kralj ponoći comics were similarly manufactured, but were based on the Yugoslav pulp novels of the same names.

Until 1991 Serbian comics were part of Yugoslav comics. Distributed via newsstands, most comics were sold throughout Yugoslavia, written by and large in the common Shtokavian dialect and printed in the Latin alphabet more often than not. Publications from other republics, especially Croatia, from Plavi Vjesnik to Alan Ford, had a great influence on creators and readers in Serbia. Authors worked for publishers outside Serbia (e.g. artists Dušan Reljić, Bojan Đukić, Ratomir Petrović, Zdravko Zupan and Zoran Kovačević, as well as writer Lazar Odanović collaborated on the licensed Tom and Jerry comics for Vjesnik[37]) and exhibited at the joint Yugoslav Comics Festival in Vinkovci (Salon jugoslovenskog stripa).

The local comic book industry collapsed with the breakup of Yugoslavia.

1991 - present[edit]

Graphic novel Treći argument (The Third Argument), drawn by Zoran Tucić and written by Zoran Stefanović, was based on the works of writer Milorad Pavić.

In the 1990s dozens of Serbian artists turned to foreign publishers. After Bernard Panasonik, Zoran Janjetov was chosen to work on Before the Incal,[38] a prequel to the original series by Moebius and Jodorowsky. In 1998 Janjetov would go on to draw The Technopriests. Darko Perović collaborated with writer Enrique Abuli before he started working on Magico Vento (written by Gianfranco Manfredi) for Sergio Bonelli Editore.[39] In 1998 Aleksa Gajić graduated with Technotise (graphic novel written by Darko Grkinić) from the University of Arts in Belgrade and went on to work for Soleil Productions as the illustrator on Scourge of the Gods. In 2009 he would revisit those characters in his Technotise: Edit & I animated feature film, first of its kind in Serbia.[40] R.M. Guerra worked in Europe for years[41] before illustrating Jason Aaron’s Scalped for DC Comics’ imprint Vertigo in 2007. Željko Pahek and Zoran Tucić published in Heavy Metal and other magazines abroad.[42]

Back home, enthusiasts kept the scene alive. First comic book stores were opened[43] and comic book conventions organized.[44] A co-founder of the International Comics Festival in Belgrade and teacher at the “Đorđe Lobačev“comics school, artist Vladimir Vesović launched Tron in 1992[40] and Stripmania in 1996,[45] magazines that carried comics by local creators. The latter was printed by Luxor Comics, a publishing house owned by Milan Konjević, who also wrote and published Generation Tesla and Twilight Fighters in 1995, as well as Factor 4 and Wild Magic in 2006, all titles drawn by Serbian artists. Before he started working for Dupuis, artist Milan Jovanović teamed up with Croatian writer Darko Macan to produce La Bête Noire in 2002;[46] the five-part series was published by Zlatko Milenković, editor of the pioneering Strip Vesti web portal.[47] 2007 saw two more series appear; writer Marko Stojanović with a team of artists launched Vekovnici (Immortals),[48] while Vladimir Tadić created Zabava za celu porodicu (Family Fun) with a different artistic team.[49] In a category of his own, award-winning illustrator[50] Đorđe Milović continues to create his Stories about the Clay.[51] Forum's successor Marketprint revamped Stripoteka after an eight-year break in 1999[52] and introduced Akira in 2002,[53] officially the first manga title in Serbia. However, the circulations were low and the newsstand editions struggled to find their feet.

Meanwhile, the underground comics experienced an unprecedented boom. Aleksandar Rakezić alias Aleksandar Zograf, author of Life Under Sanctions (Fantagraphics Books, 1994), had laid a groundwork as a pioneer of comic fanzines in the 1980s. A decade later, authors like Danilo Milošev Wostok, Saša Mihajlović, Danijel Savović, Radovan Popović, Nikola Vitković, Lazar Bodroža and many others gathered around self-published editions and managed to create original and authentic works.[54][55] For the first time since the late 1980s, a comic was censored in Serbia.[56] Some would eventually try their hand at mainstream, like Leonid Pilipović[57] and Tihomir Čelanović,[58] or turn to illustration, like Neda Dokić[59] and Milan Pavlović.[60]

In the 21st century new publishers like Lavirint, System Comics, Komiko, Darkwood, Rosenkrantz and others continue to nurture international as well as Serbian comics.[61] However, the print runs remain limited, so artists like Vladimir Aleksić,[62] Tiberiu Beka,[63] Mirko Čolak,[64] Bojan Kovačević,[65] Dražen Kovačević,[66] Miroljub Milutinović,[67] Siniša Radović,[68] Bojan Vukić[69] and others have been forced to seek work abroad, especially in France.[70] Comics in Serbia had all but retreated to bookstores and galleries until publisher Veseli četvrtak reintroduced Bonelli comics to the newsstands in 2008.

List of Serbian comics[edit]

List of Serbian comics people[edit]

List of films based on Serbian comics[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tri generacije srpskih strip autora u Francuskom institutu, od Đorđa Lobačeva do Alekse Gajića" (in Serbian). 2015-11-27. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  2. ^ "Vlastimir Belkic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Djordje Lobacev". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  4. ^ Lobačev, Đorđe (1989). Tragom narodne mašte. Dečje novine. 
  5. ^ "Nikola Navojev". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  6. ^ "Srpska pin-up divljakuša". Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  7. ^ "Mika Mis (1936 - 1941) by Aleksandar J. Ivkovic < Serbia and Montenegro @ Disney Comics Worldwide". www.wolfstad.com. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  8. ^ "Sebastijan Lechner". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  9. ^ Özkaracalar, Kaya (2008-12-23). "The MysterIous Flame of Queen Loana: YUGOSLAVIAN COMICS IN TURKEY - PART 1: COUNTESS MARGO". The MysterIous Flame of Queen Loana. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  10. ^ "Zigomar vs. The Phantom - PhantomWiki". www.phantomwiki.org. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  11. ^ Mitrovic, Zivorad 'Zika' (2000-01-01), Savamala, retrieved 2016-07-20 
  12. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Zdravko Zupan: The Golden Age of Serbian Comics". www.rastko.rs. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  13. ^ "Veljko Kockar". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  14. ^ "Ivan Sensin". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  15. ^ "Konstantin Kuznjecov". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  16. ^ "Sergej Solovjev". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-15. 
  17. ^ "index". www.stripvesti.com. Retrieved 2016-07-19. 
  18. ^ "Oslobođenje i cenzura". Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  19. ^ "Milorad Dobric". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  20. ^ "Broj 3000 | Politikin Zabavnik". politikin-zabavnik.co.rs. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  21. ^ "Buzdovan i meko srce". Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  22. ^ "Formula udrobljenog sadržaja". Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  23. ^ a b "[Projekat Rastko] Zdravko Zupan: Strip u Srbiji 1955-1972.". www.rastko.rs. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  24. ^ "Zdravko Sulic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  25. ^ "Aleksandar Hecl". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  26. ^ Marković, Đorđe (2012). SFRJ za početnike. Delta Video.
  27. ^ "Comix Drawer". bkerac.tripod.com. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  28. ^ "Bane Kerac". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-17. 
  29. ^ "Mirko, Slavko i Kekec". Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  30. ^ "Yugopapir: Fenomen popularnosti stripa: U Jugoslaviji je od 1971 - 81. prodato 716 miliona primeraka". www.yugopapir.com. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  31. ^ "SVesti". www.stripvesti.com. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  32. ^ Kljakić, Ljubomir (1979). "Quo vadis treća generacijo?". "Vidici" br. 2. 
  33. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Lazar Stanojevic: svemironi". www.rastko.rs. Retrieved 2016-07-21. 
  34. ^ "LJUBOMIR MILOJEVIĆ LJUBAC - HOME". ljubac.rs. Retrieved 2016-07-30. 
  35. ^ Serbia, RTS, Radio televizija Srbije, Radio Television of. "Stripomanija, 1-6". Retrieved 2016-07-30. 
  36. ^ "STRIPOTEKA broj 1000!". Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  37. ^ "Slobodan Ivkov: 60 godina stripa u Srbiji". www.rastko.rs. Retrieved 2016-07-24. 
  38. ^ "Zoran Janjetov". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  39. ^ "Darko Perovic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  40. ^ a b "Vladimir Vesovic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  41. ^ "R. M. Guéra". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  42. ^ "Zeljko Pahek". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  43. ^ "Alan Ford Knjizara". www.alanford.co.rs. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  44. ^ "Balkanska smotra stripa". Dnevni list Danas. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  45. ^ "I L I J A D A: Резултати претраживања за mania". Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  46. ^ "Milan Jovanovic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  47. ^ "Bojan Vukic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  48. ^ Stevanovic, Zoran. "System Comics, Beograd - Vekovnici - autori". www.systemcomics.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  49. ^ "Zabava za celu porodicu - Enciklopedija - www.stripovi.com - Prozor u svijet stripa". www.stripovi.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  50. ^ "Modesty Comics - Djordje Milovic". www.modestycomics.com. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  51. ^ "index". www.stripvesti.com. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  52. ^ "Stripoteka: Stripoteka 1000". stripoteka-trigger.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2016-07-31. 
  53. ^ "SVesti". www.stripvesti.com. Retrieved 2016-07-31. 
  54. ^ Sekulić, Aleksandra (2011). Nevidljivi strip. Narodna biblioteka Srbije. ISBN 978-86-7035-231-5. 
  55. ^ "Oct. 2nd – ON THE MARGINS: NEW COMIX FROM CROATIA AND SERBIA | Floating World Comics". floatingworldcomics.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 
  56. ^ "index". www.stripvesti.com. Retrieved 2016-07-30. 
  57. ^ MAGNERON, Philippe. "Pilipovic, Léo - Bibliographie détaillée". www.bedetheque.com. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  58. ^ "Tiho Celanovic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  59. ^ "Neda Dokic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  60. ^ "Mr. Stocca". Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  61. ^ "Strip vesti". www.stripvesti.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  62. ^ MAGNERON, Philippe. "Aleksic, Vladimir - Bibliographie, BD, photo, biographie". www.bedetheque.com. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  63. ^ "Tibery". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  64. ^ "Mirko Colak". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  65. ^ "Bojan Kovacevic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  66. ^ "Drazen Kovacevic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  67. ^ "Brada". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  68. ^ "Sinisa Radovic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  69. ^ "Bojan Vukic". lambiek.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  70. ^ "Srbija uvozi stripove domaćih autora" (in Serbian). 2015-11-28. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  71. ^ Jankovic, Branimir Tori (1973-11-21), Mirko and Slavko, retrieved 2016-07-12 

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Bogdanović, Žika et al. Umetnost i jezik stripa, „Orbis“, Belgrade, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1994.
  • Bogdanović, Žika. Čardak ni na nebu ni na zemlji: Rađanje i život beogradskog stripa 1934-1941, „Ateneum“, Belgrade, Serbia, 2006.
  • Čeliković, Borisav, „Četiri decenije stripa Dečjih novina i Stripografija edicije Nikad robom“, Dani stripa ‘95. „Dečje novine“, Gornji Milanovac (Yugoslavia), 1995.
  • Draginčić, Slavko & Zdravko Zupan. Istorija jugoslovenskog stripa 1, „Forum“, Novi Sad, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1986.
  • Đukanović, Zoran. Thomas Man ili Filip K. Dik, Vidici, Belgrade, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1988. (extended e-publication: www.stripovi.com, 2006)
  • Đukić, Branko et al. Zrenjaninski strip almanah, Kulturni centar, Zrenjanin, Serbia, 2007.
  • Ghez, Didier & Zdravko Zupan. „European Disneyana, part III – Yugoslavia“, Tomart’s Disneyana 44, Dayton, Ohio, USA, 2001.
  • Horn, Maurice et al. World Encyclopedia of Comics, The, „Chelsea House Publishers“, Broomall, USA, 1976 & 1999.
  • Ivkov, Slobodan. 60 godina domaćeg stripa u Srbiji 1935-1995, Galerija „Likovni susret“, Subotica, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1995.
  • Jovanović, Srećko. Veliki san,  ed. by Vasa Pavković and Zdravko Zupan, „Arhiv“, Pančevo, Serbia, 2007.
  • Marcadé, Johanna. Stripovi/Стрипови, Bande dessinée indépendante et contemporaine en Serbie et en Croatie, Turbo Comix/Le Courrier des Balkans, Belgrade/Paris, 2009.
  • Miltojević Branislav et al. Antologija niškog stripa, „Prosveta“, Niš, Serbia, 2004.
  • Munitić, Ranko. Deveta umetnost: strip, „Image“, Belgrade, Serbia, 2006.
  • Obradović, Svetozar et al. Novosadski strip, „Prometej“, Novi Sad, Serbia, 2007.
  • Pajić, Milenko i Vladimir Dunjić. Studio za novi strip: Lučani 1975-1980, „Academica“, Užice, Serbia, 2007.
  • Pavković, Vasa. Naš slatki strip, „Narodna knjiga“, Belgrade, Serbia (Serbia & Montenegro), 2003.
  • Radičević, Petar, Ilustrovana istorija stripa (Eks-almanah – Specijal, br. 169/I), „Dečje novine“, Gornji Milanovac, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1979.
  • Stefanović, Zoran. Essays and studies in Dikan. Vol. 1 (1969-1971), by Lazo Sredanović, Nikola Lekić et al, "Everest Media", Belgrade 2013. ISBN 978-86-7756-027-0 and Dikan. Vol. 2 (1972-1983), „Informatika“ & „Everest media“, Beograd 2015. ISBN 978-86-84497-49-1
  • Stefanović, Zoran. "Siktaj bez zvuka: kritička istorija serijala Kobra", in: Kobra, Vol. 1, by Svetozar Obradović and Branislav Kerac, "Darkwood", Belgrade, 2013, pp. 157–189. ISBN 978-86-6163-139-9
  • Stojanović, Marko et al. Leskovački strip 1950-2010, own publication, Leskovac, Serbia, 2010.
  • Tamburić, Živojin, Zdravko Zupan and Zoran Stefanović, with foreword by Paul Gravett. The Comics We Loved: Selection of 20th Century Comics and Creators from the Region of Former Yugoslavia, "Omnibus", Belgrade, Serbia, 2011. ISBN 978-86-87071-03-2
  • Tirnanić, Bogdan. Ogled o Paji Patku, „XX vek“, Belgrade, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1989.
  • Tomić, Svetozar. Strip, poreklo i značaj, „Forum“, Novi Sad, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1985.
  • Tucakov, Anica. Strip u Srbiji 1975-1995, Zadužbina „Andrejević“, Belgrade, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 2000.
  • Various. Između igre i podviga: Ko je i kako stvarao Dečje novine, ed. by Aleksandar Lazarević, „Ravera Press“, Belgrade, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1996.
  • Zupan, Zdravko, „Les éditions européennes du journal de Mickey – Yougoslavie“, Le collectionneur de Bandes Dessinées 105, Paris, France, 2005.
  • Zupan, Zdravko, „The Golden Age of Serbian comics, Belgrade Comic Art 1935-1941“, International Journal of Comic Art, Drexel Hill, PA, USA, 2000.
  • Zupan, Zdravko. Vek stripa u Srbiji, Kulturni centar, Pančevo, Serbia, 2007.
  • Živković Zoran. Enciklopedija naučne fantastike 1-2, „Prosveta“, Belgrade, Serbia (Yugoslavia), 1990.

External links[edit]