Orahovac

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Orahovac
Ораховац/Orahovac  (Serbian)
Rahovec or Rahoveci  (Albanian)
Town and municipality
Panorama of Orahovac
Panorama of Orahovac
Location of the municipality of Orahovac within Kosovo
Location of the municipality of Orahovac within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°23′58″N 20°39′17″E / 42.39944°N 20.65472°E / 42.39944; 20.65472Coordinates: 42°23′58″N 20°39′17″E / 42.39944°N 20.65472°E / 42.39944; 20.65472
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Gjakova
Government
 • Mayor Smajl Latifi
 • Municipal 278 km2 (107 sq mi)
Elevation 477 m (1,565 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Urban 15,892
 • Municipal 56,208
 • Municipal density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21000
Area code(s) +383 29
Car plates 07
Website kk.rks-gov.net/rahovec

Orahovac (Serbian Cyrillic: Ораховац) or Rahovec (Albanian: Rahoveci) is a town and municipality located in the District of Gjakova in western Kosovo.[a] According to the 2011 census, the town of Orahovac has 15,892 inhabitants, while the municipality has 56,208 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

The Serbian name of the town, Orahovac, is derived from the Serbo-Croatian orah, meaning "walnut".[1] The Albanian name Rahovec comes from an Albanised pronunciation of Orahovac.[1]

Geography and population[edit]

The municipality coveres an area of approximately 276 km2 (107 sq mi) and contains 35 villages. In 2014 the town had a total population of 23,200 and the population of the municipality was 58,214.[2] In 2011 the municipality had a total population of 56,208.[3] Approximately 800 Kosovo Serbs live in a small Serbian enclave in the town and in the village of Velika Hoča.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Municipal historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1948 27,335 —    
1953 30,095 +1.94%
1961 35,461 +2.07%
1971 46,788 +2.81%
1981 61,178 +2.72%
1991 85,698 +3.43%
2011 56,208 −2.09%
2016
est.
58,908 +0.94%
Source: Division of Kosovo

According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Orahovac has 56,208 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group 1991 census 2011 census
Albanians 55,119 55,166
Ashkali and Egyptians - 703
Serbs 3,938 134
Romani - 84
Others 885 121
Total 59,942 56,208

Language[edit]

The town is known for a local dialect, Orahovac dialect (ravëqki; Albanian: rahovecianshe, gjuha e Rahovecit) which is a mixture of Albanian, Serbian, Turkish and Bulgarian languages. Its use has declined rapidly after the Kosovo War, with Albanian becoming the predominant language.[4]

Notable people[edit]

  • Shkelzen Maliqi (born 1947), Kosovo Albanian former politician, born in Orahovac.
  • Ajet Shehu (born 1990), English footballer, born in Orahovac.
  • Ukshin Hoti (1943–1999), Kosovo Albanian activist, politician, and philosopher, born in Krusha e Madhe.
  • Ali Sokoli (1921–1974), Yugoslav physician, born in Orahovac.
  • Jovan Grković-Gapon (1879–1912), Serbian Chetnik guerrilla fighter, born in Orahovac.
  • Lazar Kujundžić (1880–1905), Serbian Chetnik guerrilla fighter, born in Orahovac.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 112 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian). 2. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. p. 562. ISBN 86-407-0064-8. orah, pl. orasi ... praslav. orěhъ "nux". Pridjev na -ov orahov, poimeničen u topnimiji u sr. r. Orahovo, ... Orahov Do (Hercegovina), ... Oriovac, gen. -vca (toponim u Slavoniji) = Oravac, gen. -avca = Oraovac (1770, Kosmet) = Raovec u arbanaskom izgovoru.
    [Translation: orah, plural orasi ... from the Proto-Slavic orěhъ "nux". The adjective on -ov, orahov, is nominalised in toponymy into Orahovo, ... Orahov Do (Herzegovina), ... Oriovac (Slavonia) = Oravac = Oraovac (1770, Kosovo and Metohija) = Raovec in Albanian pronunciation. (N.B. Orahovac and Rahovec are shown here in h-less variants Oraovac and Raovec)]
     
  2. ^ Municipal Profile: Rahovec/Orahovac. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, May 2006. Accessed October 2014.
  3. ^ a b Municipal Profile: Rahovec/Orahovac. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, March 2014. Accessed October 2014.
  4. ^ "Kosovo's Mysterious Dialect Fades Away :: Balkan Insight". www.balkaninsight.com. Retrieved 2016-04-14. 
  • Marijana Milosavljević (NIN, 15/12/05)

External links[edit]