Serbs in Bulgaria

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Serbs in Bulgaria
Срби у Бугарској
Сърби в България
Konstantin Dejanović, Kera-Tamara, Kerica, Desislava.jpg
Zoran Janković.jpg
Anastas Jovanović (self-portrait).jpg
Rosic.JPG
Zlatomir Zagorčić.JPG
Ivan Cvorovich.jpg
Total population
313[1] native Serbs and 569[2] Serbian citizens in Bulgaria (2011)
Regions with significant populations
Bulgaria
Languages
Serbian, Bulgarian
Religion
Serbian Orthodox Church

The Serbs are small community in Bulgaria, most of whom are emigrants. Many of them are athletes and businessmen that have expatriated to Bulgaria in the last two decades and subsequently received Bulgarian citizenship.

Numbers[edit]

  • According to the National Council for Cooperation on Ethnic and Integration Issues by the Bulgarian Government, there are 313 Serbs native to the country, most of whom are emigrants.[3]
  • According to the Bulgarian government, the total number of Serbian citizens, who were permanent residents in Bulgaria in 2006 was 422.[4]
  • 2011 Bulgarian census registered 569 Serbian citizens living permanently in Bulgaria.[5]

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

During the Byzantine rule in Bulgaria, the Serbs invaded Byzantine territory in 1149. Emperor Manuel I Komnenos (1143-1180) forced the rebellious Serbs to vassalage (1150–52) and settled some Serbian PoWs around Sofia.[6] They founded the villages Mala Crkva (Srbsko selo) near Samokov and the former village Popovo (Srbski Samokov) near Pernik.[7]

Ottoman times[edit]

Two villages in today Bulgaria had carried till 1934 the name Srbinovo, as local legends claim they were founded during the early Ottoman times by Serbian settlers. These are the present-day villages Brezhani[8] and Srebrinovo.[9] Another place of early Serbian settlements is the area between Sevlievo (Servi) and Apriltsi (Srbska mahala) and the close villages Malki Varshets (Srbe) and Yavorets (Srbegli).[10] The village Brakevtsi was settled also by Serbs in late Ottoman times, after the local population had emigrated to Bessarabia.[11] In 1919 Brakevtsi was ceded to Serbia.

19th century Bulgaria[edit]

In the 1880 Bulgarian census, in which native language was registered, the following Districts had a notable number of Serbian-speakers:

  • Vidin District: 1260, 1.2% of the total[12]
    • Kula Subdistrict: 1083, 3.5%;[13] Brakevtsi, (today in Serbia), Brakevtsi municipality: 1067 (majority)
    • Vidin Subdistrict: 165, 0.4%[13]
  • Sofia District: 258, 0.2%[12]
    • Sofia Subdistrict: 243, 0.5%[13]

Organizations[edit]

In 1999, an organization of "Bulgarian Serbs" was formed, but broke up soon after that.[14] In 2010 an Association of the Serbs in Bulgaria was set up.[15]

People[edit]

  • Đoko Rosić (b. 1932), Serbian-born Bulgarian actor. Serbian father and Bulgarian mother.
  • Zlatomir Zagorčić (b. 1971), naturalized Bulgarian former footballer, now coach. Played for the Bulgarian national team 1998–2004.
  • Predrag Pažin (b. 1973), naturalized Bulgarian former footballer, now coach. Played for the Bulgarian national team 2000–2004.
  • Zoran Janković (b. 1974), naturalized Bulgarian former footballer. Played for the Bulgarian national team 2002–2007.
  • Ivan Čvorović (b. 1985), naturalized Bulgarian footballer, playing for the Bulgarian national team
  • Majstor Miro (Майстор Миро), chef.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Национален съвет за сътрудничество по етническите и интеграционните въпроси. Етнически малцинствени общности.
  2. ^ 2011 Population census in the republic of Bulgaria, p.23
  3. ^ Национален съвет за сътрудничество по етническите и интеграционните въпроси. Етнически малцинствени общности.
  4. ^ Ethnic minority groups
  5. ^ 2011 Population census in the republic of Bulgaria, p.23
  6. ^ Hungary and the Fall of Eastern Europe 1000-1568. Osprey Publishing. 1988. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-0-85045-833-6. John Comnenus also settled Serbian prisoners as stratioti military colonists around Izmit, while Manuel Comnenus similarly settled Serbs around Sofia. 
  7. ^ Езиковедско-етнографски изследвания в памет на академик Стоян Романски, Българска академия на науките. Отделение за езикознание, литературознание и етнография, Владимир Георгиев и колектив, 1960, стр. 417.
  8. ^ Енциклопедия Пирински край, том I. Благоевград, Редакция „Енциклопедия“, 1995. ISBN 954-90006-1-3. с. 111.
  9. ^ Поибрене. Произход и развитие на поибренските родове и още нещо. Недельо Стоянов, Издателска къща "Оборище", 2012, стр. 79.
  10. ^ Mestnite nazvania ot Sevlievsko, Nikolaĭ P. Kovachev, Bŭlgarska akademia na naukite, 1961, str. 91.
  11. ^ Антон Страшимиров, "Книга за българите" София, Библиотека "Вечни книги на България", Изд-во "Сибия", 1995, София, стр. 30.
  12. ^ a b General results of the population census of 1 January 1881, Statistics of the Principality of Bulgaria, p.11 (Bulgarian) (French)
  13. ^ a b c Final results of the population census of 1 January 1881, Statistics of the Principality of Bulgaria, pp.198 and 286 (Bulgarian) (French)
  14. ^ http://www.srpskadijaspora.info/vest.asp?id=3412
  15. ^ Ekonom:east Media Group, 09. June 2010, Sreckovic on status of Serbs in Bulgaria
  16. ^ http://www.1001recepti.com/article/?txt_id=42-maistor-miro-nai-obichaniiat-surbin-v-bulgariia

External links[edit]

  • Miroslav Karlica (26 August 2003). "Srbi u Bugarskoj". Puls Srba. Srpska Dijaspora. 
  • Aksinija Djurova, Vladarski kult - znak Srpske drjavnosti (prema poznatim i nepoznatim materijalima Samokovske eparhije) Zbornik radova Vizantoloskog instituta, 2007;UDK: 94(497.11):2–5(497.2)