Serge Chermayeff

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Serge Chermayeff
BornSergei Ivanovich Issakovich
8 October 1900
Grozny, Russian Empire
Died8 May 1996
Wellfleet, Massachusetts
NationalityRussian-British
OccupationArchitect

Serge Ivan Chermayeff (born Sergei Ivanovich Issakovich;[1] Russian: Сергей Ива́нович Иссако́вич; 8 October 1900 – 8 May 1996) was a Russian-born British architect, industrial designer, writer, and co-founder of several architectural societies, including the American Society of Planners and Architects.

The De La Warr Pavilion in Bexhill on Sea

Biography[edit]

He was born into a rich Jewish family[2][3][4][3][5] in Grozny, Russian Empire (currently Chechen Republic), but moved to England at an early age; there, he received his education at Peterborough Lodge Preparatory School (1910-1913), the Royal Drawing Society School (1910-1913) and the Harrow School (1914-1917). From 1922 to 1925, he received training at various schools in Germany, Austria, France and the Netherlands. During this period, he supported himself as a journalist for the Amalgamated Press (1918-1923) before becoming chief designer (1924-1927) at E. Williams, a decorating firm.[6]

In 1928, he became a British citizen.[7] That year he and the French designer Paul Follot were placed in charge of the decorative arts department of Waring & Gillow.[8] After practicing architecture for three years, he and the German architect Erich Mendelsohn briefly partnered in 1933 to form their own architectural firm. They created some very important works in the British modernist movement, notably the De La Warr Pavilion in Bexhill, East Sussex, Cohen House, London, and Shrubs Wood (formerly Nimmo House) in Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire. He was also responsible for Shann House in Rugby, Warwickshire, and Gilbey House, an office and factory complex in Camden for gin distillers Gilbey's. These are all now Listed Buildings, being designated Grade I (De La Warr), Grade II* (Cohen House, Shann House, and Shrubs Wood) and Grade II (Gilbey House) respectively.[9][10][11][12] They were members of the MARS Group.

During the 1930s, Chermayeff designed a number of bakelite radio cabinets for the British company EKCO.[13]

In 1940, Chermayeff emigrated to the United States where he joined Clarence W. W. Mayhew as associate architect, helping Mayhew design his own residence.[14] Chermayeff taught in 1940 and 1941 at the California School of Fine Arts before moving to Brooklyn College, where he served as chair of the department of design until 1946. From 1941 until his death, he maintained his principal residence in Wellfleet, Massachusetts.[15][6][16] In 1946, he was recommended by Walter Gropius to become the president of the Institute of Design in Chicago; there, he was a close friend and mentor to Robert Brownjohn. Beginning in 1949, he oversaw the Institute's merger with the Illinois Institute of Technology before ultimately stepping down in 1951. After teaching at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for a year, he served as a professor and chair of the architecture department at the Harvard University Graduate School of Design (1953-1962) and the Yale University School of Architecture (1962-1971). Following his retirement, he briefly taught at Harvard again in 1974.

He wrote several books, including Community and Privacy with Christopher Alexander in 1964 and The Shape of Community with Alexander Tzonis in 1971. He died in 1996 in Wellfleet. Chermayeff's architectural drawings, project records, photographs, correspondence, teaching and writing papers, and research files are held by the Dept. of Drawings & Archives at Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University.

In 1980 he was awarded the Sir Misha Black award and was added to the College of Medallists.[17]

His son Ivan Chermayeff was a prominent graphic designer and a founding partner of New York-based design studio Chermayeff & Geismar.[18]

Another son Peter Chermayeff is a prominent architect best known for his design of aquariums, with colleagues, while a founding partner at Cambridge Seven Associates, from 1962 to 1998, at Chermayeff, Sollogub and Poole, 1998–2005, at Chermayeff & Poole, 2005–2009 and currently at Peter Chermayeff LLC.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Obituary: Serge Chermayeff". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ webmaster@vam.ac.uk, Victoria and Albert Museum, Digital Media. "Content no longer available". www.vam.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Strangers in the house". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  4. ^ webmaster@vam.ac.uk, Victoria and Albert Museum, Digital Media. "Content no longer available". www.vam.ac.uk. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  5. ^ Doctoral thesis of Altino Joao Magalhaes Rocha. Architecture Theory 1960—1980. Emergence of a Computational Perspective, MIT, 2004, page. 42 Archived 16 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ a b "PCAD - Serge Ivan Chermayeff". pcad.lib.washington.edu. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  7. ^ "No. 33373". The London Gazette. 6 April 1928. p. 2550.
  8. ^ Nadelhoffer, Hans (2007-10-18). Cartier. Chronicle Books. p. 337. ISBN 978-0-8118-6099-4.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1352840)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1225772)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  11. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1263517)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1113236)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  13. ^ "1920s & 30s Art Deco Artists and Designers – Antique Marks". antique-marks.com. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  14. ^ ArchitectDB – structure record id 10242: Mayhew, Clarence W.W., House, Piedmont[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ Service, New York Times News. "ARCHITECT SERGE CHERMAYEFF, 95; TAUGHT AT IIT, YALE AND HARVARD". Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  16. ^ Hess, Alan (2007). Forgotten Modern: California Houses 1940–1970. Gibbs Smith. ISBN 1-58685-858-0.
  17. ^ "The Sir Misha Black Medal | Misha Black Awards". mishablackawards.org.uk. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  18. ^ "1979 AIGA Medalist: Ivan Chermayeff and Thomas Geismar". Retrieved 15 September 2018.

Further reading[edit]

Blum, Betty J (2001). Oral history of Serge Chermayeff. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 12 August 2016.

Powers, Alan (2001). Serge Chermayeff: Designer, Architect, Teacher. London: RIBA Publications. ISBN 1 85946 075 5.

External links[edit]