|Serge Ivan Chermayeff|
|Born||8 October 1900
Grozny, Russian Empire
|Died||8 May 1996
Serge Ivan Chermayeff (birth name: Sergius Ivanovich Issakovitch; Russian: Серге́й Иссако́вич; 8 October 1900 – 8 May 1996) was a Russian born, British architect, industrial designer, writer, and co-founder of several architectural societies, including the American Society of Planners and Architects.
He was born into a rich Jewish family in Grozny, Russian Empire (currently Chechen Republic), but moved to England at an early age where he received his education. In 1928, he became a British citizen. That year he and the French designer Paul Follot were placed in charge of the decorative arts department of Waring & Gillow. By 1930, he and the German architect Erich Mendelsohn briefly partnered to form their own architectural firm. They created some very important works in the British modernist movement, notably the De La Warr Pavilion in Bexhill, East Sussex, Cohen House, London, and Shrubs Wood (formerly Nimmo House) in Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire. He was also responsible for Shann House in Rugby, Warwickshire, and Gilbey House, an office and factory complex in Camden for gin distillers Gilbey's. These are all now Listed Buildings, being designated Grade I (De La Warr), Grade II* (Cohen House, Shann House, and Shrubs Wood) and Grade II (Gilbey House) respectively. They were members of the MARS Group.
In 1940, Chermayeff emigrated to the United States where he joined Clarence W. W. Mayhew as associate architect, helping Mayhew design his own residence. Chermayeff taught in 1940 and 1941 at the California School of Fine Arts. In 1946, he was recommended by Walter Gropius to become the director of the Institute of Design in Chicago. He stepped down in 1951 when the institute merged with the Illinois Institute of Technology. Between 1952 and 1970 he would continue to teach at several universities including Harvard, Yale, and MIT. He retired in 1970.
He wrote several books, including Community and Privacy with Christopher Alexander in 1964 and The Shape of Community with Alexander Tzonis in 1971. He died in 1996 in Wellfleet, Massachusetts. Chermayeff's architectural drawings, project records, photographs, correspondence, teaching and writing papers, and research files are held by the Dept. of Drawings & Archives at Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University.
His son Peter Chermayeff is a prominent architect best known for his design of aquariums, with colleagues, while a founding partner at Cambridge Seven Associates, from 1962 to 1998, at Chermayeff, Sollogub and Poole, 1998–2005, at Chermayeff & Poole, 2005–2009 and currently at Peter Chermayeff LLC.
- Obituary: Serge Chermayeff
- Mapping Modernism
- Strangers in the house
- Mapping Modernism
- Doctoral thesis of Altino Joao Magalhaes Rocha. Architecture Theory 1960—1980. Emergence of a Computational Perspective, MIT, 2004, page. 42
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- ArchitectDB – structure record id 10242: Mayhew, Clarence W.W., House, Piedmont
- Hess, Alan (2007). Forgotten Modern: California Houses 1940–1970. Gibbs Smith. ISBN 1-58685-858-0.
- "The Sir Misha Black Medal | Misha Black Awards". mishablackawards.org.uk. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- Ivan Chermayeff and Thomas Geismar
- Chicago Architects Oral History Project, The Art Institute of Chicago. Serge Chermayeff oral history
- Serge Chermayeff architectural records and papers, 1909–1980. Held in the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University.
- Master builders: Serge Chermayeff (1900–1996)