Sergeant major (fish)
|Sergeant fish near Paraty, Brazil|
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2014)|
Distribution and habitat
Abudefduf saxatilis is found in the Atlantic Ocean. Populations in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean are found from the north eastern coast of the United States south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Bahamas, islands around the Caribbean Sea, the eastern coast of Central and South America all the way to Uruguay. In the eastern Atlantic Ocean, they are found from Portugal, Azores, the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, and western Africa. Juveniles are common in tide pools while adults are found over coral reefs. Sergeant majors are found at depths of 0 to 20 metres (0 to 66 ft). They inhabit tropical and subtropical locations. This fish was also spotted in Malta on the 21 October 2015 by Hanako Tomita from Malta Blue Diving while she was diving in Sliema
Adults can grow up to 22.9 centimetres (9.0 in) at maximum length. Normally, they would grow up to 15 centimetres (5.9 in). The largest recorded specimen weighed had a weight of up to 200 grams (7.1 oz). Abudefduf saxatilis has 13 dorsal spines, 12 to 13 dorsal soft rays, 2 anal spines, and 10 to 12 anal soft rays. This fish is white with a yellow top. It has 5 vertical stripes which are black. A faint sixth stripe might be present on the caudal peduncle. Adult males have a more bluish coloration and its stripes are less visible. There is a dark spot around its pectoral fin.
Individuals of this species form aggregations of about several hundreds of individuals. Sometimes, they get cleaned of parasites by fish species such as gobies in the genus Gobiosoma, Bodianus rufus, Elacatinus figaro, and Thalassoma noronhanum. Sergeant majors also clean green sea turtles with Acanthurus chirurgus and Acanthurus coeruleus.
In the aquarium
They are popular aquarium fish.
Sergeant majors earn their name from its brightly striped sides, known as bars, which are reminiscent of the insignia of a military sergeant major.
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