Sergey Kislyak

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Sergey Kislyak
Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak 2016.jpg
Kislyak in December 2016
Russian Ambassador to the United States
Assumed office
26 July 2008
President Dmitry Medvedev
Vladimir Putin
Preceded by Yuri Ushakov
Succeeded by Anatoly Antonov (Designate)
Russian Ambassador to Belgium
In office
25 February 1998 – 28 May 2003
President Boris Yeltsin
Preceded by Vitaly Churkin
Succeeded by Yury Alekseyevich Glukhov
Personal details
Born Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak
Сергей Иванович Кисляк

(1950-09-07) 7 September 1950 (age 66)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Nationality Russian
Children 1
Alma mater Moscow Engineering Physics Institute

Sergey Ivanovich Kislyak (Russian: Серге́й Ива́нович Кисля́к; IPA: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej ɪˈvanəvʲɪtɕ kʲɪˈslʲak]; kis-LYAK; born 7 September 1950) is a Russian senior diplomat who has served as Russia's Ambassador to the United States since 2008. From 2003–2008, he was the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. From 1998–2003, he served as Russia's Ambassador to Belgium and Russia's Head of Mission to NATO.

Kislyak is the outgoing ambassador to the United States and is expected to be replaced by Anatoly Antonov, the current Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, in July 2017. Russia has reportedly nominated Kislyak for a new position at the United Nations dealing with counterterrorism.[1][2]

Kislyak is Russia's top presence in the U.S. and has become a key figure in the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, receiving significant media coverage.[3] CNN dubbed Kislyak "the diplomat's diplomat" because of his extensive experience, but also reported that U.S. intelligence officials believe Kislyak is a top spy and a spy handler, which the ambassador denies.[4] Kislyak also has denied that Russia was behind the hacking of the Democratic National Committee, while Kislyak's meetings with advisers to then President-elect Donald Trump are under investigation by U.S. intelligence officials.[5] In May 2017, Trump held a meeting with Kislyak and Sergei Lavrov and disclosed highly classified information about ISIS, which was leaked to the press.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Kislyak was born in Moscow to Ukrainian parents.[7][8][9] Kislyak graduated from the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute in 1973 and the USSR Academy of Foreign Trade in 1977. He is fluent in English and French.

Career[edit]

Kislyak joined the diplomatic service in 1977, working with the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[10] From 1981 to 1985, Kislyak was the Second Secretary at the Permanent Mission of the Soviet Union to the United Nations in New York City. From 1985 to 1989, Kislyak was the First Secretary, Counsellor at the Embassy of the Soviet Union in Washington, D.C.

From 1989 to 1991, Kislyak was the Deputy Director of the Department of International Organisations at the Soviet Foreign Ministry. From 1991 to 1993, Kislyak was the Deputy Director of the Department of International Scientific and Technical Cooperation at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1993 to 1995, Kislyak was the Director of the Department of International Scientific and Technical Cooperation. From 1995 to 1998, Kislyak was the Director of the Department of Security Affairs and Disarmament at the Russian Foreign Ministry.[11]

In 1998, Kislyak was the Ambassador of Russia to Belgium with a residence in Brussels, and he also served as the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to NATO. From 2003 to 2008, Kislyak served as a Deputy Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He was Russia's negotiator on the six-party Iran denuclearization talks prior to his appointment as ambassador to the United States.[11]

Ambassador to the United States[edit]

Kislyak became the Ambassador of Russia to the United States on 26 July 2008, when he was appointed by then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev.[12]

President Barack Obama meets with Vladimir Putin, Sergey Lavrov, Sergey Kislyak and other Russian representatives to discuss Syria and ISIL, September 29, 2015

For many years, Kislyak held a low profile in the press but was a popular figure in Washington, D.C. diplomatic circles, known for his lavish parties at the Russian compound at Pioneer Point, Maryland.[3] Kislyak has been called an experienced and polished diplomat who is friendly but aggressive in promoting Russian interests.[7] The New York Times called Kislyak "the most prominent, if politically radioactive, ambassador in Washington." According to a Times profile in March 2017, "He has interacted with American officials for decades and been a fixture on the Washington scene for the past nine years, jowly and cordial with an easy smile and fluent if accented English, yet a pugnacity in advocating Russia's assertive policies."[13] According to a profile in Politico, people who know Kislyak describe the ambsassador "as intelligent but an unyielding advocate for the Kremlin line."[3]

As the veteran ambassador to the United States, Kislyak became the subject of intense scrutiny and media coverage in 2017 in the wake of allegations that Russia interfered in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and that he held meetings with top advisers to then president-elect Donald Trump. In February 2017, Michael T. Flynn was forced to resign as National Security Adviser when it emerged he lied about meetings with Kislyak. John Beyrle, the U.S. ambassador to Russia from 2008–2012, said that Kislyak is "a professional diplomat, not a politician. I'm sure he's surprised to have acquired such notoriety recently. I'm sure he's probably not enjoying his time in the limelight."[14]

Meeting with Nancy Pelosi and other congressional leaders

On 10 May 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump invited Kislyak and Sergei Lavrov to meet with him in the Oval Office. This meeting received significant coverage as it was closed to U.S. press, but the Russians brought in a photographer from state agency TASS, and released photos of Trump, Kisylak and Lavrov laughing together. On 15 May, it was revealed that during this meeting, Trump disclosed classified information about ISIL's bomb-making capabilities without taking the appropriate protocols, which was leaked to the press.[6][15]

Kislyak has reportedly been put forward by Russia as a candidate for a new United Nations post responsible for counterterrorism.[13] General Anatoly Antonov, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs has been approved to succeed him as ambassador to the United States — likely in July 2017.[2] Antonov, who has been called a "bull terrier" because of his reputation as a hardliner, is expected to take a more aggressive approach to negotiations with the United States.[16][17]

2016 US Presidential election controversy[edit]

Kislyak has emerged as a central figure in the scandal involving Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, particularly through his contacts with Donald Trump officials including Jeff Sessions, Michael T. Flynn and Jared Kushner. Sessions, later the United States Attorney General, denied any contact with Russian officials during the campaign but was forced to recuse himself from the Russian investigation after the Justice Department acknowledged he had spoken with Kislyak twice in 2016.

In July 2016, Kislyak held a "diplomacy conference" at the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, during which his interactions with Trump officials became the subject of denial and controversy. In a speech in October 2016 in Detroit, Kislyak denied ever meeting with anyone involved in the Trump campaign. However, it later emerged that J. D. Gordon and Carter Page had spoken with Kislyak at the RNC. Kislyak did not attend the 2016 Democratic National Convention.[18][19]

In a November 2016 speech at Stanford University, Kislyak denied that Russia had interfered in the 2016 U.S. elections.[20] In the same speech, Kisylak accused the United States of waging a "huge propaganda campaign against Russia" and stated that the American-Russian relationship was currently at "the worst point in our relations after the end of the Cold War. You've re-entered a policy of containing Russia … You've tried to contain Russia through economic pressure and through sanctions."[3]

On 29 December 2016, the same day that the United States announced new sanctions against Russia for interfering with the election, Kislyak and then-U.S. National Security Advisor designate Michael T. Flynn and Kislyak had multiple telephone conversations and exchanged text messages.[21] The phone calls are the subject of an investigation by U.S. counterintelligence agents. White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer stated in early January 2017 that the calls related to arranging a conversation between Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin.[21] However, Kislyak's calls were monitored under standard foreign intelligence practice, and it was revealed that Flynn had indicated to Kislyak that the sanctions could be reversed by the Trump administration.[22][23] On 13 February 2017, Flynn was forced to resign from his position as National Security Advisor over his communication with Kislyak.[24]

On 1 March 2017, The Washington Post reported that Attorney General Jeff Sessions had spoken twice to Ambassador Kislyak, once in July 2016 and once in September 2016, during Sessions' tenure as US senator on the Senate Armed Services Committee. During Sessions' Senate Judiciary Committee confirmation hearing on 10 January 2017, Sessions was questioned under oath about "possible contacts between members of President Trump's campaign and representatives of Moscow" and expressed no knowledge of such contact.[25] On 2 March, The New York Times later noted that Kislyak met with Flynn and Kushner in December 2016, which the White House claimed was to establish a diplomatic line of communication with the Trump administration.[26] That same day, Sessions agreed to recuse himself from any involvement with the federal investigation into Russian election interference.[18]

On 26 May 2017, The Washington Post reported that U.S. intelligence officials had, in the course of monitoring Kislyak in December, overheard him discussing a request from Jared Kushner to establish a secret, secure channel to communicate with the Kremlin that would not be monitored by U.S. intelligence. Kislyak was reporting Kushner's request to use "diplomatic facilities in the United States" when it was intercepted by U.S. intelligence. According to the report, "Kislyak reportedly was taken aback by the suggestion of allowing an American to use Russian communications gear at its embassy or consulate — a proposal that would have carried security risks for Moscow as well as the Trump team." The Washington Post noted that Russian officials occasionally leak "false information into communication streams it suspects are monitored as a way of sowing misinformation and confusion among U.S. analysts," but that U.S. officials stated it was unclear what Kislyak would have gained by falsely reporting such an encounter at a time when the Kremlin was envisioning improved diplomatic relations under the incoming Trump administration.[27] The New York Times reported that it had confirmed Kislyak's report with three officials.[28]

Allegations of espionage[edit]

Kislyak's connection to Russian intelligence has been subject to debate in the United States. CNN alleged that U.S. intelligence officials have claimed Kislyak is a top Russian spy and spy recruiter, which Russian officials have denied.[4] According to ABC News, former U.S. ambassadors and analysts contradicted with "strong skepticism" the claim that Kislyak is a spy.[29] Russian officials "expressed anger" at the allegations against their ambassador, with Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova calling it "the low professional standards of the American news media."[20]

Former KGB spy Jack Barsky, however, evaluated Kislyak as a "very experienced operative" and told CNN that when Kislyak was sent to the United States in the early 1980s as a low-level diplomat, it is certain he would have been either a KGB agent or reporting directly to the KGB.[30] James Clapper, former U.S. Director of National Intelligence, stated that Kislyak "oversees a very aggressive intelligence operation in this country... and so to suggest that he is somehow separate or oblivious to that is a bit much."[31]

According to Bloomberg's Leonid Bershidsky, during former FBI Director James Comey's Congressional testimony on June 8, 2017, Comey "made it clear he didn't consider Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak to be an intelligence officer ... Comey said it was not improper for an incoming national security adviser to be in touch with a foreign diplomat. He also said, twice, that a story in an February issue of The New York Times, headlined "Trump Campaign Aides Had Repeated Contacts With Russian Intelligence" and quoting unnamed officials, was gravely flawed. And he stated that closing the investigation into former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn's contacts with Kislyak wouldn't be likely to impede the overall investigation into Russian interference; the two investigations, he added, were "touching but separate."[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McLeary, Paul; Standish, Reid (8 February 2017). "Moscow Readies a New, Hard-Line Ambassador for Washington". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Ivanov, Maxim; Chernenko, Yelena (5 May 2017). "Анатолий Антонов ждет парламентского агремана". Kommersant. p. 7. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d Crowley, Michael (March 2, 2017). "Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak is Washington's most dangerous diplomat". POLITICO. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Lister, Tom (2 March 2017). "Who is Sergey Kislyak, the Russian ambassador to the United States?". CNN. 
  5. ^ "The Latest: FBI examines Kushner meetings with Russians". Associated Press. 25 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Vitkovskaya, Julie; Erickson, Amanda (10 May 2017). "The strange Oval Office meeting between Trump, Lavrov and Kislyak". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Российский посол Кисляк знает в Вашингтоне почти всех". BBC Russian. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Meet the Russian ambassador at the center of the Trump-Russia controversy". March 2, 2017.
  9. ^ "A Glimpse of the Russian Soul: Sergey Kislyak". Yale Daily News. February 6, 2015.
  10. ^ King, Laura (2 March 2017). "Who is Sergey Kislyak, and how did he become the hottest meeting ticket in Washington?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Kislyak named Russian envoy to U.S.". UPI. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "УКАЗ Президента РФ от 26.07.2008 N 1122" (in Russian). Presidential Press and Information Office. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  13. ^ a b Macfarquhar, Neil; Baker, Peter (2 March 2017). "Sergey Kislyak, Russian Envoy, Cultivated Powerful Network in U.S.". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  14. ^ "The Russian ambassador who has the ear of Trump’s key people". ABC News. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  15. ^ Miller, Greg; Jaffe, Greg (15 May 2017). "Trump revealed highly classified information to Russian foreign minister and ambassador". The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "Russia Confirms 'Bull-Terrier' Ambassador to Washington". The Moscow Times. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  17. ^ "Источник: комитет Госдумы одобрил кандидатуру Анатолия Антонова на пост посла России в США". Gazeta.ru (in Russian). 18 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  18. ^ a b Reilly, Steve (2 March 2017). "Exclusive: Two other Trump advisers also spoke with Russian envoy during GOP convention". USA Today. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  19. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (9 March 2017). "Russian ambassador denied meeting with Trump or campaign officials in October speech". CNN. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  20. ^ a b MacFarquhar, Neil; Baker, Peter (2 March 2017). "Sergey Kislyak, Russian Envoy, Cultivated Powerful Network in U.S.". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  21. ^ a b Lee, Carol E.; Barrett, Devlin; Harris, Shane (23 January 2017). "U.S. Eyes Michael Flynn's Links to Russia". Wall Street Journal. 
  22. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam; Nakashima, Ellen (9 February 2017). "National security adviser Flynn discussed sanctions with Russian ambassador, despite denials, officials say". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  23. ^ "Flynn in 'Hot Seat' Over Discussing Sanctions With Russians". NBC News. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  24. ^ Miller, Greg; Rucker, Philip (14 February 2017). "Michael Flynn resigns as national security adviser". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  25. ^ "Sessions met with Russian envoy twice last year, encounters he later did not disclose". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-03-02. 
  26. ^ Rosenberg, Michael S. Schmidt, Matthew; Apuzzo, Matt (2 March 2017). "Kushner and Flynn Met With Russian Envoy in December, White House Says". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  27. ^ Nakashima, Ellen; Entous, Adam; Miller, Greg (26 May 2017). "Russian ambassador told Moscow that Kushner wanted secret communications channel with Kremlin". The Washington Post. Retrieved 27 May 2017. Ambassador Sergey Kislyak reported to his superiors in Moscow that Kushner, son-in-law and confidant to then-President-elect Trump, made the proposal during a meeting on Dec. 1 or 2 at Trump Tower, according to intercepts of Russian communications that were reviewed by U.S. officials. Kislyak said Kushner suggested using Russian diplomatic facilities in the United States for the communications. 
  28. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Mazzetti, Mark; Apuzzo, Matt (26 May 2017). "Kushner Is Said to Have Discussed a Secret Channel to Talk to Russia". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  29. ^ Reevell, Patrick (2 March 2017). "Who is the Russian ambassador who spoke with Jeff Sessions?". ABC News. Retrieved 3 March 2017. 
  30. ^ Preza, Elizabeth (27 May 2017). "'Mind-boggling': Ex-KGB spy aghast over reports 'naive' Kushner asked Russian envoy for backchannel l". Raw Story. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  31. ^ Hains, Tim (28 May 2017). "Chuck Todd to James Clapper: Is Sergey Kislyak A KGB Agent?". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  32. ^ "Missing From Comey's Fireworks: Trump-Russia Collusion". Bloomberg. 9 June 2017.