Sergey Shoygu

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Sergey Shoygu
Сергей Шойгу
Official portrait of Sergey Shoigu.jpg
Shoygu in an official portrait from 2014
Minister of Defence
Assumed office
6 November 2012
PresidentVladimir Putin
Prime MinisterDmitry Medvedev
Mikhail Mishustin
Preceded byAnatoliy Serdyukov
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Defense of the CIS
Assumed office
11 December 2012
Preceded byAnatoliy Serdyukov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
In office
11 May 2012 – 6 November 2012
DeputyRuslan Tsalikov
Preceded byBoris Gromov
Succeeded byRuslan Tsalikov (acting)
Leader of United Russia
In office
1 December 2001 – 27 November 2004
Preceded byParty established
Succeeded byBoris Gryzlov
Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
In office
10 January 2000 – 18 May 2000
Prime MinisterVladimir Putin
Mikhail Kasyanov (acting)
Leader of Unity
In office
15 October 1999 – 1 December 2001
Minister of Emergency Situations
In office
17 April 1991 – 11 May 2012
Prime Minister
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byVladimir Puchkov
Personal details
Sergei Kuzhugetovich Shoygu

(1955-05-21) 21 May 1955 (age 65)
Chadan, Tuvan Autonomous Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (1977-1991)
Independent (1991–1995)
Our Home-Russia (1995–1999)
Unity (1999–2001)
United Russia (2001–present)
Spouse(s)Irina Shoygu
ChildrenYuliya Shoygu
Kseniya Shoygu
Alma materKrasnoyarsk Polytechnical Institute
AwardsHero of the Russian Federation
Order of St. Andrew (with swords)
Military service
  • Soviet Union (1977–1991)
  • Russia (1991–present)
  • CIS (1991–present)
Branch/serviceMilitary Council of the Civil Defence Troops
Years of service1991–present
RankGeneral of the Army

Sergey Kuzhugetovich Shoygu[1] (Russian: Сергей Кужугетович Шойгу, [sʲirˈɡʲɛj kuʐuˈɡʲɛtəvit͡ɕ ʂɐjˈɡu], Tuvan: Сергей Күжүгет оглу Шойгу, [sʲirˈɡʲɛj kyʒyˈɣɛt ɔˈɣlu ʃɔjˈɣu]; born 21 May 1955) is a Russian politician and General of the Army who has served as Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Defense of the CIS since 2012.

Previously, Shoygu was Minister of Emergency Situations from 1991 to 2012, and briefly served as Governor of Moscow Oblast in 2012. Shoygu holds the military rank of General of the Army. Shoygu is also the President of the International Sport Federation of Firefighters and Rescuers.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Shoygu was born on 21 May 1955 in Chadan, Tuva, to a Tuvan father and a Russian mother.[3] He graduated from School No. 1 of Kyzyl city in Tyva Republic.[4]

In 1977, Shoygu graduated from the Krasnoyarsk Polytechnic Institute with a degree in civil engineering. Following graduation in 1977, Shoygu worked in the construction projects nationwide for the next decade, advancing from low levels to become an executive. In 1988, Shoygu became a minor functionary in the Abakan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and then in Komsomol for a few years. In 1990, Shoygu moved to Moscow from Siberia, and was appointed Deputy Chief of State Architecture and Construction Committee of the Russian Federation.[5]

Minister of Emergency Situations[edit]

Minister of Emergency Situations Sergey Shoygu. 28 June 2002

In 1991, he was appointed the head of Rescuer Corps, which was later given more responsibilities and renamed first to the State Committee on Emergencies, and eventually to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, making Shoygu a government minister. He became popular because of his hands-on management style and high visibility during emergency situations, such as floods, earthquakes and acts of terrorism. In 1999 he became one of the leaders of the Russian pro-government party Unity. He was awarded Russia's most prestigious state award – Hero of the Russian Federation – in 1999.

Governor of Moscow Oblast[edit]

In March 2012, he was announced as one of the potential candidates for the Governor of Moscow Oblast.[6] On 5 April 2012, he was elected by Moscow Oblast Duma (legislature) as the 3rd Governor of Moscow Oblast, and took office on 11 May 2012.[7]

Minister of Defence[edit]

General Shoygu, Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev at the Moscow Victory Day Parade, 9 May 2014.
Shoygu with Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu, 17 October 2017.
Shoygu visiting Richard Sorge's grave in Tokyo, 30 May 2019.
Sergey Shoygu with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 21 January 2015
Shoygu with Japanese Defense Minister Tomomi Inada. 20 March 2017
Sergey Shoygu with King Salman of Saudi Arabia. 5 October 2017
Shoygu holds a meeting with U.S. National Security Advisor John R. Bolton in Moscow on 23 October 2018
Sergey Shoygu with Moldovan President Igor Dodon at the Presidential Palace in Chișinău in August 2019.
Sergey Shoygu with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, 26 June 2012.

On 6 November 2012, Shoygu was appointed Minister of Defence when Putin dismissed his longtime ally, Anatoliy Serdyukov.[citation needed] According to expert Sergey Smirnov, the so-called "Petersburg group" siloviki of Sergei Ivanov, Sergey Chemezov and Viktor Ivanov wanted one of its associates to take Serdyukov's place at the Defense Ministry. But Putin didn't want to strengthen them, so he took the neutral figure Shoygu.[8]

On 7 November 2012, the minister decided to resurrect the tradition of Suvorov and Nakhimov cadets participating in the 9 May parade. In July 2013 Shoygu ordered commanders to begin every morning in the barracks with a rendition of the Russian Anthem, to compile an obligatory military-patriotic book reading list and take the preparation of demob albums under their control.[9] In August that year he ordered to dress all Defense Ministry civilian workers, other staff and management employees in so-called "office suits".[10]

Shoygu stated on 26 February 2014 that Russia planned to sign agreements with Vietnam, Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua, the Seychelles, Singapore and several other countries either to house permanent military bases and/or to house airplane refuel stations in those countries.[11] Since then, only an agreement with Vietnam was effectively signed.[12]

In July 2014, Ukraine opened a criminal case against Shoygu; he was accused of helping to form "illegal military groups" in Eastern Ukraine who at the time fought against the Ukrainian army.[13]

At the initiative of Shoygu, Arctic units were created, intended to ensure the safety of Russia's Arctic region.

On 30 September 2015, Russia conducted a military operation in Syria. The operation was carried out by the Russian Aerospace Forces, with the support of the Russian Navy. 7 October 2015 President Vladimir Putin, during the took place in Sochi working meeting with Shoygu, summing up the first week of operation, once again gave a high appreciation of the work of the Ministry of Defense: to the Ministry actions in general, and combat operations conducted by the Russian pilots of Syria Air Group, which applied with air strikes against predetermined objectives, and seamen of the Caspian Flotilla, which carried out the firing of cruise missiles 3M-54 Klub from the Caspian Sea and successfully struck all the targets set.[14][15][16]

Shoygu was re-appointed to this office in 2018 (in Medvedev second government) and 2020 (in Mishustin government).

Personal life[edit]

Shoygu with Vladimir Putin and Prince Albert of Monaco in Tuva, 2007


Father — Kuzhuget Sereevich Shoygu[17] (1921–2010) (born Shoygu Seree oglu Kuzhuget, his name order was changed because of passport error), editor of the regional newspaper, later worked in the Party and for the Soviet authorities, was the secretary of the Tuva Party Committee and retired with the rank of first deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Tuva ASSR. Also he led the Tuvan State Archives and spent six years as editor of the newspaper Pravda; wrote the novels "Time and People", "Feather black vulture" (2001), "Tannu Tuva: the country of lakes and blue rivers" (2004).

Mother — Alexandra Yakovlevna Shoygu (née Kudryavtseva) (1924–2011). Born in the village of Yakovlev in the Oryol Oblast. From there, shortly before the war, her family moved to Kadievka (now Stakhanov) in the Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine. A zootechnician, Honored Worker of Agriculture of the Republic of Tuva, until 1979 - Head of the Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic, was repeatedly elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet (parliament) of the Tuva ASSR.[18]

Granduncle — Seren Kuzhuget, commander of the Tuvan People's Revolutionary Army from 1929 to 1938.[19]

Sisters — Larisa Kuzhugetovna Shoygu (1953) (deputy of the State Duma) and Irina Zakharova (1960) (psychiatrist).[20]

Wife — Irina Alexandrovna Shoygu (née Antipina). She is a President of the business tourism company Expo-EM.

DaughtersYulia[21] (1977) and Ksenia (1991).[20] Ksenia is suspected to be a figurehead of her father in the ownership of a multimillion palace in the outskirts of Moscow.[22]


Sergey Shoygu enjoys studying the history of Russia of Peter the Great's time and 1812–1825 (French invasion of Russia and the Decembrist revolt).[23]

Shoygu is fond of sports and is a fan of the CSKA Moscow hockey team. He also enjoys football and is a fan of Spartak Moscow. In March 2016, together with Sergey Lavrov, Shoygu presented the Russia People's Soccer League, with aims to unite fans of the sport from all over Russia.

Shoygu collects Indian, Chinese, and Japanese swords and daggers. He also enjoys bard songs and plays the guitar. He does water color paintings and graphics and is interested in manufacturing handicrafts made of wood.[24][25]

He is fluent in 9 languages that include Russian, English, Japanese, Mandarin Chinese, and Turkish.[26]



  1. ^
  2. ^ "General information about Federation" I heard shoygu was behind many of the wmds russia has tested against american citizens Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Шойгу Сергей. "Эхо Москвы :: Без дураков: Сергей Шойгу". Эхо Москвы. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  4. ^ "Первой школе Кызыла - 95 лет". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  5. ^ 0divider. "Сергей Шойгу · Биография". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  6. ^ Shoigu Tipped as Next Moscow Region Governor, The Moscow Times.
  7. ^ "Murmansk Governor Out, New Moscow Region Governor In - News". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Министр обороны Сергей Шойгу на новом посту рискует растерять свой высокий рейтинг". Газета.Ru. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  9. ^ "Ъ-Огонек - Новая летопись военного строительства". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  10. ^ Golts on Shoygu's Tenure (Part II), September 2014, Russian Defense Policy Blog.
  11. ^ Sputnik (26 February 2014). "Russia Seeks Several Military Bases Abroad – Defense Minister". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  12. ^ David Brunnstrom (8 March 2015). "U.S. asks Vietnam to stop helping Russian bomber flights". Reuters. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Ukraine calls businessman and Russian defense minister 'accomplices of terrorists'". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Встреча с главой Минобороны Сергеем Шойгу". // Официальный сайт Президента России. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Крылатый "Калибр" против терроризма — ракетные удары кораблей Каспийской флотилии по объектам ИГИЛ". Channel One Russia website. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Зеленодольские корабли нанесли удары по ИГИЛ из Каспийского моря". // БИЗНЕС Online. Деловая электронная газета Республики Татарстан. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Государственный деятель Тувы Кужугет Шойгу похоронен в Москве". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Мать Сергея Шойгу стала заслуженным работником сельского хозяйства Тувы - ИА REGNUM". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  19. ^
  20. ^ a b "Высокопоставленные родственники. Полпреды -". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  21. ^ "Родня во власти". 24 September 2007. p. 30. Retrieved 25 December 2016 – via Kommersant.
  22. ^ "Russia's defence minister 'secretly builds £12 million palace', say campaigners". The Telegraph. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  23. ^ "Шойгу Сергей Кужугетович". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  24. ^ "Константин Ремчуков: Герой России Сергей Шойгу". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  25. ^ "Тайна шкатулки губернатора". Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  26. ^
  27. ^ "President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev receives Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Sergei Shoigu — Official site of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Retrieved 31 October 2020.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Position established
Minister of Emergency Situations
Succeeded by
Vladimir Puchkov
Preceded by
Boris Gromov
Governor of Moscow Oblast
Succeeded by
Andrey Vorobyov
Preceded by
Anatoliy Serdyukov
Minister of Defence
Party political offices
New office Leader of United Russia
Succeeded by
Boris Gryzlov