|Galvarino Sergio Apablaza|
November 9, 1950 |
|Allegiance||Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front|
|Years of service||1983-2001|
Galvarino Sergio Apablaza Guerra (born November 9, 1950 in Santiago), nicknamed "Comandante Salvador", is a Chilean Marxist guerrilla and former member of the Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (FPMR) (Spanish: Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez), which opposed the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. He has participated in several highly publicized kidnappings and murders.
Son of Galvarino Apablaza Orrego and Luisa Guerra Urrutia. He was the leader of the Marxist group FPMR, founded in 1983 as the armed wing of the Communist Party of Chile (PCCh). Its mission was to carry out guerrilla attacks against the Chilean military government of Augusto Pinochet. It is named after Manuel Rodriguez, considered a hero in the war of the independence of Chile against Spain.
After the fall of Pinochet's government and the return to democracy in 1989, the organization broke up into two factions: the FPMR Party, which gave up the armed fight, and the FPMR-Dissidents, which continued terrorist activities. Some of the FPMR most recent attacks include the explosion of a building in which the American company Flour Daniel has offices (August 1994), an attempted bombing of a Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurant in Santiago (September 1993), an explosion near the Chinese Embassy in Santiago (May 1993), and a bombing of a meetinghouse of the LDS Church in Santiago (December 1992).
Apablaza participated in the kidnapping of the Brazilian advertising executive Washington Olivetto in 2001, according to Brazilian police authorities.
He has been charged by the Chilean judge Hugo Dolmestch for the following crimes: the kidnapping of Cristian Edwards (son of Agustín Edwards Eastman, owner of the newspaper El Mercurio) and the assassination of Senator Jaime Guzmán.
Galvarino Apablaza was arrested on November 29, 2004 in Argentina. Chilean authorities requested his expulsion so he could be tried in Chile. He immediately asked for political asylum with the support of several human rights organizations, but his situation is still unclear. The Argentine supreme court originally approved his extradition to Chile during September 2010.1
On September 30, 2010 the government of Argentina granted Apablaza political asylum following a meeting of Conare, the National Commission for Refugees. Apablaza is married to Paula Chain, who happens to be a member of President Cristina Kirchner press relations office at Government House (Casa Rosada) and usually accompanies the Argentine president whenever she travels overseas, the most recent trip was to Germany.
- "CHILE’S MOST WANTED GUERRILLA SEEKS POLITICAL ASYLUM" (PDF). The Santiago Times. 2 December 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- SIMON ROMERO (February 4, 2002). "Kidnapped Brazilian Ad Executive Is Freed in a Police Raid". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- "Killer of Chilean Senator arrested in Argentina". pub. December 2, 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- "Argentina dio asilo político a Galvarino Apablaza". pub. September 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-01.