Sergij Arbuzov

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This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Hennadiyovych and the family name is Arbuzov.
Sergij Arbuzov
Сергій Арбузов
Арбузов Сергій Геннадійович.jpg
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Acting
In office
January 28, 2014 – February 27, 2014
President Viktor Yanukovych
Preceded by Mykola Azarov
Succeeded by Arseniy Yatsenyuk
First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
December 24, 2012 – January 28, 2014
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
Preceded by Valeriy Khoroshkovskyi
Succeeded by Vitaly Yarema
Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine
In office
December 23, 2010 – December 24, 2012
President Viktor Yanukovych
Preceded by Volodymyr Stelmakh
Succeeded by Ihor Sorkin
Personal details
Born (1976-03-24) 24 March 1976 (age 39)
Donetsk, Soviet Union
(now Ukraine)
Political party Our Ukraine (2005–2010)
Party of Regions (2010–2014)
Spouse(s) Iryna Arbuzova
Alma mater Donetsk National University
Signature

Sergij Hennadiyovych Arbuzov (Ukrainian: Сергій Геннадійович Арбузов, Sergij Hennadiyovych Arbuzov) is Ukraine's former First Deputy Prime Minister, who became interim Prime Minister following the resignation of Mykola Azarov on 28 January 2014.[1][2] On 27 February 2014, Arbuzov was dismissed and Arseniy Yatsenyuk was elected as new Prime Minister.

He was the former chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine. The youngest chairman of the National Bank in Europe as of 2012. In the 2000s Arbuzov worked as a director of several leading Ukrainian banks, including Privatbank and Ukreximbank.

Arbuzov is wanted by the General Prosecutor of Ukraine.[3] Arbuzov’s defence insists that it is political persecution.[4]

Biography[edit]

Sergij Arbuzov № 30 in ranking for the most influential Ukrainian magazine Korrespondent 2012 .

Arbuzov was born in Donetsk.[5] He graduated from the Donetsk State University, having specialized in "finance and credit" and qualified as an economist.[5] At the start of his professional career Arbuzov worked as an administration chairman of Privatbank in Donetsk and a director of Privatbank in Kostyantynivka. In 2003-10 he was a director of the Ukrainian Business Bank, previously known as Donechyna.

In 2005 Sergij Arbuzov became a member of Our Ukraine[5] and in 2006 unsuccessfully ran for the Donetsk Regional Council as a member of the party. Upon his appointment to the National Bank of Ukraine his political affiliation became uncertain.[5]

In 2010 Arbuzov was appointed chairman of the Supervising Council of UkrEximBank and in September 2010 he became a deputy chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine.[6] On December 21, 2010 the President of Ukraine sent a petition to the parliament to replace Volodymyr Stelmakh with Sergij Arbuzov. On December 23, 2010 the Verkhovna Rada approved the petition, making Arbuzov the youngest chairman of a state central bank. After the appointment, the older son of the President, Oleksandr Yanukovych, bought the All-Ukrainian Bank of Development from Arbuzov. The chairperson of the bank is Arbuzov's mother, Valentyna, who also has extensive experience in banking business.

In May 2012 the Ukrainian magazine Focus pointed out that Arbuzov has the highest salary among the Ukrainian civil servants - 140,000 hryvnia per month (approximately $18,000). In the same year another Ukrainian magazine, Korrespondent, placed him among the thirty most influential people in the country.

As the chairman of the National Bank, he was best remembered for a set of measures directed at maintaining the stability of national currency of Ukraine – hryvnia. In particular, it refers to imposition of obligation for importers to sell 50% of their foreign currency revenue at interbank currency market, as well as reduction of term of repayment of currency revenue to 90 days. Alongside this, slowdown of inflation rate was secured.[7][8]

On 24 December 2012 Viktor Yanukovych appointed Arbuzov First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine by presidential decree.[5]

As the First Vice Prime Minister, he was engaged in European integration issues. In particular, in October and December 2013, Arbuzov held series of meetings with the European Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy Štefan Füle in Brussels, where series of consultations were held on implementation of Association Agreement with European Union. Arbuzov initiated preparation of the so-called “road map” – document, in which Association Agreement process was set out on a phased basis.[9]

In September 2013, Sergij Arbuzov finalized for signing a swap deal between Ukraine and China that allowed entities of both countries engaged in foreign economic activities to carry out settlement payments in their own national currencies – hryvnia and yuan – independently from dollar. (Implementation of swap deal started in January 2015.) In frames of visits to Chinese Peoples Republic, the First Vice Prime Minister signed 22 investment agreements in total, in particular, on such projects as construction of power plants, modernization of Ukrainian mines, joint manufacture of automobiles, construction of modern elevators and development of telecommunication domain.[10]

While in Government, Arbuzov also initiated series of reforms in taxation system, streamlining of customs procedures, property rights protection, deregulation of business operations, value enhancement etc. On October 29, 2013 World Bank published another Doing Business rating, where Ukraine rose by 28 positions and ranked 112th among 189 analyzed world economics. The best results were seen in obtaining construction permits (from 183rd to 41st rating position), registration of property rights (from 197th to 97th rating position). Ukraine ranked 13th for ease in getting credit by businesses in overall Doing Business rating.[11]

After weeks of Euromaidan protests, and clashes, during which civilians were killed[13], Prime Minister Mykola Azarov offered his letter of resignation on 28 January 2014.[14][15] The same day President Yanukovych accepted the resignation and signed a decree dismissing the second Azarov Government, which decree would not take effect until the Verhovna Rada approved a new Cabinet. Hence the second Azarov Government continued as a caretaker government.[2] And Arbuzov replaced Azarov as Prime Minister of Ukraine.[2] On 29 March 2014, during a party congress, Arbuzov was expelled from the Party of Regions.[16] Despite tries to bring about resolution to the dispute between authorities and opposition, Sergij Arbuzov was bound to leave the country after change of regime. Arbuzov is wanted by the General Prosecutor of Ukraine and his believed to be hiding in Russia.[3]

New Ukrainian regime incriminates Sergij Arbuzov in theft of 120 million hryvnia of profit of “BTB” channel, which he has initiated to launch. But according to Igor Fomin, Arbuzov’s attorney for the defence, the proceedings should be ceased because “the channel has not made profit for the whole period of its existence”.[17] Thus, according to defence, there is absence of elements of crime. Later General Prosecutor’s Office also confirmed it. Thus, after change of regime, Sergij Arbuzov has been subject to political persecution in Ukraine.

Arbuzov does not have an Identification Number of Physical Person (similar to a Taxpayer Identification Number in the United States), having refused one for religious reasons. Instead, Arbuzov uses his passport number as the legal alternative.

In January 2015, Sergij Arbuzov and experts group from the Association "Centre for Research into Economic and Sociocultural Upward Enhancement of CIS Countries, Central and Eastern Europe" addressed political and public figures of the West and Russia with the initiative to create the so-called "Coalition of intellect". It was noted in an open letter that the conflict in Ukraine has threatened all the positive things that have been achieved in the development of the European security system over the past 25 years. Instead of strengthening stability in the region, the parties of the conflict undermine mutual cooperation and unleash a new arms race. "We need the intervention of the international community, the creation of a broad "Coalition of intellect", coalition for de-escalation. With its help we could find a way out of the situation on the basis of a broad civilized approach, but not a limited geopolitical one", - said ex-prime minister in his letter.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sergij Arbuzov to head Ukraine govt pending premier's appointment". Interfax-Ukraine. February 6, 2014. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Ukrainian parliament delays vote on amnesty law until Wednesday". Euronews. January 28, 2014. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Ukraine accuses Russia of breaking CIS agreements over Yanukovych extradition, Interfax-Ukraine (12 January 2015)
  4. ^ Launching of criminal proceedings against ex-central bank head Arbuzov is a publicity stunt, says defence (05 December 2015)
  5. ^ a b c d e (Russian) Profile at Liga.net
  6. ^ "The Azarov/Arbuzov Government". The Ukrainian Week. January 22, 2013. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ National Bank of Ukraine's Press Release. (27 April 2012)
  8. ^ National Bank of Ukraine's Sergei Arbuzov on economic development (24 August 2012)
  9. ^ Ukraine will 'soon sign' EU deal, says deputy PM (12 December 2013)
  10. ^ Sergij Arbuzov calls on Chinese business to invest in Ukrainian economy (25 September 2013)
  11. ^ Ukraine jumps 28 spots in World Bank's Doing Business Report (29 October 2013)
  12. ^ "Policeman shot dead in Kyiv, another policeman sustains knife wound - Ukrainian interior ministry". Interfax-Ukraine. January 25, 2014. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. 
  13. ^ The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine claimed on 25 January 2014 that a policemen who was walking home in civilian clothing had been killed by a shot in his head.[12]
  14. ^ "Ukraine's PM Azarov and government resign". BBC News Online. 28 January 2014. Archived from the original on January 28, 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Ukrainian Prime Minister Azarov resigns". Interfax-Ukraine. January 28, 2014. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. 
  16. ^ ""Party of Regions" has excluded Yanukovich, Arbuzov, Klimenko and proceeded to the form of collective management". Novosti Mira. April 9, 2014. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. 
  17. ^ Arbuzov’s Lawyer: My Client Didn’t Steal National Property (4 December 2014)
  18. ^ Open letter to the Association Center IESKR political and public figures of the West and Russia (Russian)

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Volodymyr Stelmakh
Governor of the National Bank of Ukraine
2010–2012
Succeeded by
Ihor Sorkin
Political offices
Preceded by
Valeriy Khoroshkovskyi
Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine
2012–2014
Succeeded by
Vitaliy Yarema
Preceded by
Mykola Azarov
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Acting

2014
Succeeded by
Arseniy Yatsenyuk