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Serhiy Oleksandrovych Okhrimenko
at a young age
|Secretary of Nationalities|
June 28, 1917 – July 17, 1917
|Prime Minister||Volodymyr Vynnychenko|
|Preceded by||position created|
|Succeeded by||Oleksandr Shulhyn|
October 18, 1876|
Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||March 31, 1939
(aged 62) (speculative)|
Vladimir, Soviet Union
|Political party||Ukrainian Party of Socialists-Federalists|
|Occupation||public and political activist, statesman, literal critic, historian of literature, academician|
Serhiy Yefremov (Ukrainian: Сергій Єфремов; October 18, 1876 – March 31, 1939) was a Ukrainian literary journalist, historian, critic, political activist, statesman, and academician. He was a member of the Ukrainian Academy of Science (1919) and Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv. Yefremov is his literary pseudonym, his real name is Okhrimenko.
Serhiy Okhrimenko was born in the village of Palchik, Zvenigorodka uyezd of the Kiev Governorate. Today the village still stands, but in Katerynopil Raion of the Cherkasy Oblast, the central Ukraine. He was born in a family of the Eastern Orthodox priest. In 1891-96 studied at Kievan Theological Seminary, later graduated from the Faculty of Law of Kiev University.
Political activity started during student years becoming the member of the Ukrainian Universal non-Party Democratic Organization. In 1904 became co-founder of the Ukrainian Radical Party, which in 1905 out of his initiative united together with the Ukrainian Democratic Party and establishing the Ukrainian Democratic Radical Party. In 1905 became the leader of the Ukrainian Social Union (USU) Peasant Union. In 1908 became the co-founder of the Society of Ukrainian Progressionists. He worked in the variety of Ukrainian periodicals such as Zoria, Pravda, Kievan Past, Ukraina etc. In 1885-1918 he was the head of publishing Vik.
He was arrested numerous times by the Russian authorities for pressing public speeches in defense of national culture and political freedoms in pre-revolutionary period. In March 1917 Okhrimenko entered the staff of the Central Rada. In April 1917, at the Ukrainian National Congress was elected as the deputy of the Head of the Rada and the member of the Mala Rada. On June 15, 1917 became the general secretary of the International Affairs in the newly formed Ukrainian government, General Secretary of the Ukrainian People's Republic. On July 17, 1917 he was replaced by Oleksandr Shulhyn from the same political party. From September 1917 heads the Ukrainian Party of Socialists-Federalists. From April 1918 and until 1920 he did not hold any official positions.
With the installation of Soviet power in Ukraine was forced to go into the illegal situation and hiding. In spring 1919, at the request of the Ukrainian Academy of Science, he was amnestied. From 1922 until 1928, he was one of the leaders of the Ukrainian Academy of Science. He was the chief defendant in the 1929 public show trial of the leaders of the supposed Union for the Liberation of Ukraine. In 1930, he was sentenced to death, but the sentence was later commuted to ten years in prison. He died in 1939 while in Vladimir Central Prison.
- Mykhailo Hrushevsky, edited by O. J. Frederiksen. A History of Ukraine. New Haven: Yale University Press: 1941.
- Ihor Pidkova (editor), Roman Shust (editor), "Dovidnyk z istorii Ukrainy", 3 Volumes, Kiev, 1993–1999, ISBN 5-7707-5190-8 (t. 1), ISBN 5-7707-8552-7 (t. 2), ISBN 966-504-237-8 (t. 3). Article: Єфремов Сергій Олександрович (in Ukrainian)