Serhiy Yefremov

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Serhiy Yefremov
Сергій Єфремов
Serhiy Oleksandrovych Okhrimenko
at a young age
Secretary of Nationalities[1]
In office
June 28, 1917 – July 17, 1917
Prime Minister Volodymyr Vynnychenko
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by Oleksandr Shulhyn
Personal details
Born (1876-10-18)October 18, 1876
Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
Died March 31, 1939(1939-03-31) (aged 62) (speculative)
Vladimir, Soviet Union
Political party Ukrainian Party of Socialists-Federalists
Spouse(s) Halyna Yefremova
Occupation public and political activist, statesman, literal critic, historian of literature, academician

Serhiy Yefremov (Ukrainian: Сергій Єфремов; October 18, 1876 – March 31, 1939) was a Ukrainian literary journalist, historian, critic, political activist, statesman, and academician. He was a member of the Ukrainian Academy of Science (1919) and Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv. Yefremov is his literary pseudonym, his real name is Okhrimenko.

Early years[edit]

Serhiy Okhrimenko was born in the village of Palchik, Zvenigorodka uyezd of the Kiev Governorate. Today the village still stands, but in Katerynopil Raion of the Cherkasy Oblast, the central Ukraine. He was born in a family of the Eastern Orthodox priest. In 1891-96 studied at Kievan Theological Seminary, later graduated from the Faculty of Law of Kiev University.

Political start[edit]

Political activity started during student years becoming the member of the Ukrainian Universal non-Party Democratic Organization. In 1904 became co-founder of the Ukrainian Radical Party, which in 1905 out of his initiative united together with the Ukrainian Democratic Party and establishing the Ukrainian Democratic Radical Party. In 1905 became the leader of the Ukrainian Social Union (USU) Peasant Union. In 1908 became the co-founder of the Society of Ukrainian Progressionists. He worked in the variety of Ukrainian periodicals such as Zoria, Pravda, Kievan Past, Ukraina etc. In 1885-1918 he was the head of publishing Vik.


He was arrested numerous times by the Russian authorities for pressing public speeches in defense of national culture and political freedoms in pre-revolutionary period. In March 1917 Okhrimenko entered the staff of the Central Rada. In April 1917, at the Ukrainian National Congress was elected as the deputy of the Head of the Rada and the member of the Mala Rada. On June 15, 1917 became the general secretary of the International Affairs in the newly formed Ukrainian government, General Secretary of the Ukrainian People's Republic.[2] On July 17, 1917 he was replaced by Oleksandr Shulhyn from the same political party. From September 1917 heads the Ukrainian Party of Socialists-Federalists. From April 1918 and until 1920 he did not hold any official positions.

Soviet Ukraine[edit]

With the installation of Soviet power in Ukraine was forced to go into the illegal situation and hiding. In spring 1919, at the request of the Ukrainian Academy of Science, he was amnestied. From 1922 until 1928, he was one of the leaders of the Ukrainian Academy of Science. He was the chief defendant in the 1929 public show trial of the leaders of the supposed Union for the Liberation of Ukraine. In 1930, he was sentenced to death, but the sentence was later commuted to ten years in prison. He died in 1939 while in Vladimir Central Prison.[3]


  1. ^
  2. ^ M. Mintz, "The Secretariat of Internationality Affairs (Sekretariiat mizhnatsional’nykh spray) of the Ukrainian General Secretariat 1917-1918", Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Volume VI Number 1 March 1982, pp.25-42
  3. ^

Further reading[edit]

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