Seri Menanti is a mukim in Kuala Pilah District, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. It is the royal capital of Negeri Sembilan state. It houses the seat of the Yang Di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan or Yamtuan Besar, the equivalent of a Sultan. The royal palace is known as "Istana Besar".
The Minangkabaus were moved to the state of Negeri Sembilan in the 14th century and began to control local politics. Around the 15th century the people of Minangkabau from Rembau explored the current Seri Menanti area. Among them was Datuk Puteh of Pagar Ruyung. According to local literature, the explorers found three stalks of fresh green paddy and thus Datuk Puteh christened the area Padi Menanti (literally awaiting paddy). Over time the name changed to Seri Menanti. It is believed that the word "seri" means the Goddess of rice in the ancient Javanese tradition (in Javanese: Sri).
Raja Melewar arrived in Negeri Sembilan in 1773, installed and proclaimed as the first Yamtuan Besar in Kampung Penajis in Rembau. He later moved his palace to Seri Menanti which remains the royal town of Negeri Sembilan till today.
Notable and historical landmarks
The official Palace for HRH The Yang di-Pertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan is Istana Besar Seri Menanti. The building complex consist of The Main Palace, The Throne Room (Balairong Seri), Royal Banquet Hall.
The old wooden palace known as Istana Lama, built by Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Muhammad ibni Almarhum Tuanku Antah (reigned 1888–1933) without the use of a single nail. The Istana Lama is now a museum and is open to the public.
Other landmarks include the Seri Menanti Royal Mausoleum, the Tuanku Munawir Royal Mosque (Masjid Diraja Tuanku Munawir), the Seri Menanti Resort and the eighteen hole Royal Seri Menanti Golf and Country Club.
Among the villages in the area are Kampung Tanah Datar, Kampung Tengah, Kampung Gamin, Kampung Istana Lama, Kampung Sikai, Kampung Buyau, Kampung Batu Hampar, Kampung Mertang Seberang, Kampung Merual, Kampung Galau, Kampung Masjid Terbakar, Kampung Padang Biawas, Kampung Jumbang and Gunung Pasir and many more. Many traditional Minangkabau houses remain standing around Seri Menanti and the adjacent villages mentioned above. A significant portion of the land in Seri Menanti is Malay Reserve and Malay Customary Land or Tanah Adat.
Seri Menanti located about 18 km from Seremban via Jalan Kuala Pilah-Seremban (Route 51) with a right turn at the junction at kampung Terachi (N29) or further on at Tanjung Ipoh (N24). From here it is a 4 km drive to Seri menanti. Seri Menanti is also connected to Senaling via the N24 which is about 12 km away and connects on to Route 9 with Kuala Pilah (left), Johol and Tampin (right).
The town consists of a row of wooden shop houses, a Post Office, a Police station, a government clinic (Klinik Kesihatan), a primary school SRK Tunku Laxamana Nasir and a secondary school SMK Tunku Besar Burhanuddin. There are several mosques in the Seri Menanti area.
- Masjid DiRaja Tuanku Munawir
- Masjid Lama Tanjung Beringin
- Masjid Gunung Pasir
- Masjid Kariah Kampong Parit Istana
The Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti
The incumbent Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti is Tunku Ali Redhauddin, the eldest son of the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan Tuanku Muhriz ibni Almarhum Tuanku Munawir. The title of Tunku Besar Seri Menanti is the most senior of the Putera Yang Empat (Four Princes). This is the third time in 120 years that the Tunku Besar Seri Menanti has been appointed.
January: Birthday day cerebrations of HRH The Yang Di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan. Celebrations start with an honour guard held at the main field and an Investiture ceremony at the Istana Besar. There are also cultural and sporting events held to celebrate His Royal Highness's birthday which has included soccer, cycling and golf.
In February 2009, the Unity, Culture, Arts and Heritage Minister Datuk Seri Shafie Apdal announced that the Istana Lama Seri Menanti is among ten historical structures in Malaysia gazetted as a national heritage, along with Victoria Institution in Kuala Lumpur and The Stadthuys in Malacca.
- "Seri Menanti Palace of Negeri Sembilan" (PDF). Malaysian Australian New Zealand Association. March 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
- "The Royal Town of Seri Menanti". Malaysia Story Blog. 31 July 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
- "Tunku Ali appointed Tunku Besar Seri Menanti". Bernama. The Star (Malaysia). 23 February 2009. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
- "Heritage status for 10 sites". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 15 February 2009.