Series of tubes
"A series of tubes" is a phrase coined originally as an analogy by then-United States Senator Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) to describe the Internet in the context of opposing network neutrality. On June 28, 2006, he used this metaphor to criticize a proposed amendment to a committee bill. The amendment would have prohibited Internet Access providers such as AT&T, Comcast, Time Warner Cable, and Verizon Communications from charging fees to give some companies' data a higher priority in relation to other traffic. The metaphor has been widely ridiculed, particularly because Stevens displayed an extremely limited understanding of the Internet, even though he was in charge of regulating it. Edward Felten, Princeton University professor of computer science, pointed out the unfairness of some criticisms of Stevens' wording, while maintaining that the underlying arguments were rather weak.
Partial text of Stevens' comments
|“||Ten movies streaming across that, that Internet, and what happens to your own personal Internet? I just the other day got… an Internet was sent by my staff at 10 o'clock in the morning on Friday. I got it yesterday [Tuesday]. Why? Because it got tangled up with all these things going on the Internet commercially.
[…] They want to deliver vast amounts of information over the Internet. And again, the Internet is not something that you just dump something on. It's not a big truck. It's a series of tubes. And if you don't understand, those tubes can be filled and if they are filled, when you put your message in, it gets in line and it's going to be delayed by anyone that puts into that tube enormous amounts of material, enormous amounts of material.
On June 28, 2006, Public Knowledge government affairs manager Alex Curtis wrote a brief blog entry introducing the senator's speech and posted an MP3 recording. The next day, the Wired magazine blog 27B Stroke 6 featured a lengthier post by Ryan Singel, which included Singel's transcriptions of some parts of Stevens' speech considered the most humorous. Within days, thousands of other blogs and message boards posted the story.
Most writers and commentators derisively cited several of Stevens' misunderstandings of Internet technology, arguing that the speech showed that he had formed a strong opinion on a topic which he understood poorly (e.g., referring to an e-mail message as "an Internet" and blaming bandwidth issues for an e-mail problem much more likely to be caused by mail server or routing issues). The story sparked mainstream media attention, including a mention in the New York Times. The technology podcast This Week in Tech discussed the incident.
|“||"The Internet is a Series of Tubes!" spawned a new slogan that became a rallying cry for Net neutrality advocates. ... Stevens' overly simplistic description of the Web's infrastructure made it easy for pro-neutrality activists to label the other side as old and out-of-touch.||”|
The term pipe is a commonly used idiom to refer to a data connection, with pipe diameter being analogous to bandwidth or throughput. For instance, high-bandwidth connections are often referred to as "fat pipes".
Pop culture references
The Daily Show with Jon Stewart has made multiple references to "Techno" Ted Stevens's "series of tubes" description; as a result, Stevens has become well known as the person who once headed the committee charged with regulating the Internet. "I have a letter from a big scientist who said I was absolutely right in using the word 'tubes'," Stevens said to reporters in response to The Daily Show's coverage. When asked if he'd think about going on the show to debate Jon Stewart, Stevens replied, "I'd consider it."
Google has included references to this in two of its products. Gears' about box says "the gears that power the tubes" and Google Chrome had an about: easter egg at the address about:internets which displayed a screensaver of tubes (if Windows XP's SSPIPES.SCR is installed) with the page title "Don't Clog the Tubes!" When "about:internets" was entered on a computer lacking that screensaver, the tab displayed a gray screen with the page title "The Tubes are Clogged!" This easter egg was removed as of the 126.96.36.199 release. The documentation for developing Chrome extensions includes a near-verbatim quote of the "series of tubes" paragraph when describing its chrome.storage class.
Alexandra Petri of the Washington Post wrote a humorous article entitled "Sen. Stevens, the tubes salute you" after Stevens died in an airplane crash August 9, 2010:
And as people remember him, make ill-timed jests, and muse on his legacy—all in real time, in great profusion—I worry that they are disrupting the ability of people elsewhere to receive their Internets. But for us in the Facebook generation who weren't around for the first plane crash and know the Bridge to Nowhere primarily as an SNL punchline, the senator's legacy is in that series of tubes.
The "Bridge to Nowhere" refers to the Gravina Island Bridge, another issue Stevens was responsible for, for which he was also mocked.
- Curtis, Alex (June 28, 2006). "Senator Stevens Speaks on Net Neutrality". Public Knowledge.
- "United States Senator Ted Stevens : About Senator Stevens". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on January 3, 2009.
- Moore, Matthew (September 17, 2009). "Google easter eggs: 15 best hidden jokes". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
His clumsy words, in a speech to a Senate committee opposing network neutrality, were seen to illustrate the poor understanding of some politicians about how the internet worked.
- Felten, Ed (July 17, 2006). "Taking Stevens Seriously". Freedom to Tinker.
- Singel, Ryan; Poulsen, Kevin (June 29, 2006). "Your Own Personal Internet". Threat Level. Wired. Retrieved 2006-08-24.
- "Sen. Stevens' hilariously awful explanation of the Internet". BoingBoing. July 2, 2006.
- "How The Internet Works - With Tubes". Slashdot. July 3, 2006.
- "Sen. Stevens explains the Internet: "And again, the Internet is not something you just dump something on. It's not a truck. It's a series of tubes"". FARK.com. July 3, 2006.
- "Ted Stevens on the internets". Daily Kos. July 2, 2006.
- Mitchell, Dan (July 8, 2006). "Tail is wagging the internet dog". The New York Times.
- "TWiT 60: A Series of Tubes". This Week in Tech. July 2, 2006.
- Fadner, Ross (August 8, 2006). "Immortalizing Ted Stevens, Net Neutrality for Posterity". MediaPost.
- Drapkin, Michael; Lowy, Jon; Marovitz, Daniel (2001). Three Clicks Away: Advice from the Trenches of Ecommerce. John Wiley and Sons. p. 49. ISBN 0-471-39682-6.
- Aaron, Jeff (August 2007). "THE SKINNY ON FAT PIPE: Requirements for Performing WAN Acceleration on High Capacity WAN Links". Enterprise Networks & Servers. Archived from the original on November 6, 2007.
- "Party Pooper". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. July 12, 2006.
- "Headlines - Internet". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. July 12, 2006.
- "Net Neutrality Act". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. July 19, 2006.
- "Phone Call with Ted Stevens". The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Comedy Central. April 16, 2007.
- "Senator Ted Stevens will defend his "tubes" remarks on The Daily Show". Yahoo! News. July 27, 2006.
- "Google Chrome’s Full List of Special about: Pages". Lifehacker. September 3, 2008.
- "about:internets". Robert Accettura's Fun With Wordage. September 3, 2008.
- Larson, Mark; Kersey, Jason (2009-01-26). "Release Notes: 188.8.131.52". The Chromium Projects. Google. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- "chrome.storage". Google. Archived from the original on 11 August 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Petri, Alexandra (August 10, 2010). "Sen. Stevens, the tubes salute you". PostPartisan (The Washington Post).
- Schneider, Tim (July 11, 2006). "Mr. Stevens's wild ride through a 'series of tubes'". Public Knowledge.
- Belson, Ken (July 17, 2006). "Senator’s Slip of the Tongue Keeps on Truckin’ Over the Web". The New York Times.
- This WEEK in TECH podcast talking about net neutrality and the series of tubes
- Recommended in Scientific American: Tubes: A Journey to the Center of the Internet by Andrew Blum, 2012