Serigne Mouhamadou Lamine Bara Mbacké
|Serigne Mouhamadou Lamine Bara Mbacké falilou mbacke|
|Died||June 30, 2010
|Occupation||Grand Marabout of the Mouride movement|
El Hadji Serigne Mouhamadou Lamine Bara Mbacké, or Sheikh Bara Mbacké (c. 1925 – 30 June 2010) was the Grand Marabout of the Mouride movement in Senegal. The movement is prominent outside Senegal as well, in places such as New York, Paris and Rome.
Bara Mbacké became Grand Marabout of the Mouride movement after the death of his uncle, Serigne Saliou Mbacke, on 28 December 2007. He died of natural causes at the age of 85. His death was mourned by millions of people, and Senegal declared an eight-day period of national mourning.
Bara Mbacké succeeded Serigne Saliou Mbacke as Shaykh who was credited for his transformation of the village of Touba into Senegal's second largest city, and for the enormous growth in popular devotion and political power of the brotherhood both throughout West Africa and (through the diaspora) the world. It has been reported that Serigne Saliou Mbacke personally chose his successor, and that the grandsons of Amadou Bamba (including Serigne Saliou Mbacke's son, Serigne Cheikh Saliou Mbacké) have all pledged their loyalty to the new caliph, and that Bara Mbacké was visited by both President Abdoulaye Wade and Senegalese opposition leaders within 48 hours of his uncle's death.
Bara Mbacké was one of the sons of Mouhamadou Fallilou Mbacké, himself the second caliph and son of Sheikh Amadou Bamba. At 85 he was the oldest man to be appointed caliph of the Mouride. He was reported to have been trained by his father while caliph (1945–1968), and was said to speak a number of languages, including Arabic, French and English.
Bara Mbacké had been ill for months before his death in Touba on June 30, 2010. Just before his death he had been hospitalised at a clinic in the Senegalese capital, Dakar. Bara Mbacké's successor as Grand Marabout was his cousin, Cheikh Maty Leye Mbacke. President of Senegal Abdoulaye Wade took a helicopter ride from Dakar to Touba to swear allegiance to the new leader.
Senegalese Prime Minister Souleymane Ndéné Ndiaye announced his death on state radio that morning. His said Bara Mbacké's death was a "very great loss for all the nation", and praised his "erudite wisdom". President Wade, a Mouride himself, joined the people of Senegal in mourning events. Other officials, including the prime minister, Senate president and several government ministers joined him. Senegal entered an eight-day period of national mourning. Hundreds of thousands to even millions of people mourned his death. Traffic in Dakar was noticeably lighter as people went to Touba to mourn. Hymns and readings from the Koran, as well as images of mourning crowds were aired on state television. He was buried at Touba's main mosque.
- "Senegal mourns leader of Muslim brotherhood". Independent Online (South Africa). Independent News & Media. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
The Caliph General Serigne Bara Mbacke died on Wednesday night in the Mourides holy city of Touba, 200km from the capital Dakar, a source close to his entourage told the Senegalese Press Agency. [...] It also has a large influence in the rest of West Africa and many followers of the brotherhood, known for being dynamic businessmen, have emigrated to Europe and the United States, notably in New York where a large Mouride community in Harlem is dubbed "Little Senegal".
- "Senegal mourns death of Mouride brotherhood leader". BBC. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "Senegal's Wade swears allegiance to new sect leader". Reuters. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- "Senegalese Islamic leader dies". Aljazeera. December 30, 2007.
- ATTITUDE - Présentation de condoléances : Serigne Moustapha Saliou boude Wade, LeQuotidien: 31 Dec 2007. and MANOEUVRES POLITIQUES A TOUBA : Ayant boudé le Président Wade, Serigne Moustapha Saliou reçoit Macky Sall, Nettali: 31 Dec 2007.
- Marone, Sadibou (1 July 2010). "Millions Mourn Death of Senegal Religious Leader". ABC News. American Broadcasting Company. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- PORTRAIT DE MOUHAMADOU LAMINE BARA MBACKE LE NOUVEAU KHALIF GENERAL DES MOURIDES, Nettali.net, 29 December 2007.
- Nouveau Khalif de Touba : Serigne Bara Falilou choisit ses hommes, Nettali 31 December 2007.
- Mouhamadou Lamine Bara MBACKE : Un intellectuel doublé d'un travailleur, Wal Fadjri, source unknown.
- Serigne Bara Mbacké intronisé dans la discipline mouride, Le Soleil (Senegal)
- Senegal's powerful Mouride caliph dies at 92, Reuters Africa, Sun 30 Dec 2007.
- FACTBOX: Senegal's powerful Mourides have global reach, Reuters, 29 Dec 2007
- Senegal brotherhood leader dies, BBC News, 29 December 2007