Serine—pyruvate transaminase

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serine-pyruvate transaminase
Identifiers
EC number 2.6.1.51
CAS number 9030-88-0
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a serine-pyruvate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.51) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

L-serine + pyruvate 3-hydroxypyruvate + L-alanine

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-serine and pyruvate, whereas its two products are 3-hydroxypyruvate and L-alanine.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically the transaminases, which transfer nitrogenous groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-serine:pyruvate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include SPT, and hydroxypyruvate:L-alanine transaminase. This enzyme participates in glycine, serine and threonine metabolism. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 1J04.

References[edit]