Serjeant at Arms of the House of Commons (United Kingdom)
Serjeant at Arms of the
House of Commons
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Reports to||Clerk of the Parliaments|
|Appointer||The Crown (de jure)|
Clerk of the Parliaments (de facto)
|First holder||Nicholas Maundit|
|Website||Serjeant at Arms|
The Serjeant at Arms of the British House of Commons is a parliamentary official responsible for order in the House of Commons. The office dates to 1415 and traditionally included responsibility for security. The role is now mainly ceremonial.
Traditionally the post of Serjeant at Arms was filled by a retired military officer, but in 2008 a civil servant, Jill Pay, was selected as the first woman to hold the appointment. At the same time the job was split, with many of the duties transferred to the new post of chief executive.
The duties of the Serjeant at Arms are partly ceremonial. The Serjeant at Arms carries the mace during the opening of Parliament and is also responsible for maintaining order during debates in the House of Commons, escorting members out of the chamber if ordered to do so by the Speaker.
In rare cases, the Serjeant at Arms may be called upon to enforce the warrants of the Speaker in summoning a witness to testify before a select committee of the house. While serving the warrant and encouraging a witness to attend parliament "the Serjeant or his appointee may call on the full assistance of the civil authorities, including the police." In January 1992 the Serjeant at Arms was employed to summon Ian and Kevin Maxwell, the sons of the disgraced business tycoon Robert Maxwell, to attend an inquiry held by the Social Security Select Committee into the operation of the Mirror Group Pension fund. In November 2018 the Serjeant at Arms was called upon to escort an American businessman, who was staying in London, to the Houses of Parliament because he had documents pertaining to the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal. After being told he could face arrest, fines and imprisonment for failing to comply with a parliamentary order to hand over the documents, the man eventually complied with the request.
List of Serjeants at Arms
- 1415–: Nicholas Maundit
- 1610–: Edward Grimston
- Edward Dendy Senior
- c.1645: Edward Dendy Junior
- 1660–1675: Sir James Norfolk
- 1675–1693: William Bishop
- 1693–1709: Samuel Powell
- 1709–1717: Thomas Wybergh
- 1717–1737: Thomas Spence
- 1737–1762: Wentworth Odiarne
- 1762–1775: Nicholas Bonfoy
- 1775–1805: Edward Colman
- 1805–1811: Francis John Colman
- 1812–1812: John Clementson
- 1812–1835: Henry Seymour
- 1835–1848: Major-General Sir William Gosset
- 1848–1875: Lord Charles James Fox Russell
- 1875–1885: Sir Ralph Allen Gosset KCB
- 1885–1915: Sir Henry David Erskine KCVO
- 1915–1935: Admiral Sir Colin Richard Keppel KCVO GCVO
- 1935–1957: Sir Charles Howard
- 1957–1962: Major-General Ivor Thomas Percival Hughes KCVO
- 1962–1976: Rear-Admiral Sir Alexander Gordon-Lennox KCVO
- 1976–1982: Sir Peter Francis Thorne KCVO
- 1982–1989: Sir Victor Le Fanu KCVO
- 1989–1995: Sir Alan Urwick KCVO, CMG
- 1995–1999: Sir Peter Jennings CVO
- 2000–2005: Sir Michael Cummins
- 2005–2007: Major-General Peter Grant Peterkin CB, OBE
- 2008–2012: Jill Pay
- 2012–2015: Lawrence Ward
- 2015–2019: Kamal El-Hajji
- 2019-present: Ugbana Oyet
- Appointment confirmed by BBC Parliament.
- House of Lords; Serjeant-at-Arms at www.parliament.uk
- Groves, Jason (13 October 2011). "First female Serjeant at Arms quits Commons just days after powerful clerk becomes her boss". Daily Mail. London.
- "House of Commons Information Office: Disciplinary and Penal Powers of the House" (PDF). www.parliament.uk. September 2010.
- "Facebook documents seized by MPs investigating privacy breach". BBC News. 25 November 2018.
- Serjeant at Arms Archived 9 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- "From postman to Serjeant at Arms". BBC NEWS. 27 November 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- "Serjeants at Arms to the Speaker" (PDF). Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- History of Parliament
- "Captain Gosset has resigned". The Spectator. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- "New Serjeant at Arms appointed". BBC News.
- "Ugbana Oyet announced as new Serjeant at Arms". UK Parliament. London. 15 October 2019. Retrieved 16 October 2019.