Serkan Özkaya

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Serkan Özkaya
Born 1973 (age 43–44)
Turkey
Nationality Turkish, American
Education Bard College, Istanbul University
Known for Contemporary art, Conceptual art
Notable work David (inspired by Michelangelo)
Awards MacDowell Colony, Society of Newspaper Design, Civitella Ranieri

Serkan Özkaya (1973) is a Turkish-American conceptual artist whose work deals with topics of appropriation and reproduction. He typically operates outside of traditional art spaces and often makes multiple versions of even his own work including his most noted work David (inspired by Michelangelo). Özkaya's artworks are held in the permanent collections of the İstanbul Modern and Borusan Contemporary Art in Istanbul, as well as three different 21c Museum Hotels locations—Louisville, Kentucky; Bentonville, Arkansas; and Nashville, Tennessee.

Early life and education[edit]

Özkaya grew up in Istanbul, Turkey. At a young age, he began learning about Western art through the study of reproductions of major artworks found in books. It is here his interests in the concepts originality, replication and emulation began.[1][2] He attended Istanbul University, graduating with both a bachelor and a master's degree in arts.[3] He continued his graduate studies at Bard College.[4][1] After leaving Bard with a master's degree in fine art,[3] he received an art fellowship at MacDowell Colony.[1] Özkaya then returned to Istanbul University to study for his Ph.D. in German Language and Literature.[3] In 2001, he published Genius and Creativity in the Arts, a comparative study of the German works Moses und Aron (an opera by Arnold Schoenberg), Doctor Faustus (a novel by Thomas Mann) and Die Philosophie der Neuen Musik (a book by Theodor W. Adorno).[5]

Career[edit]

Notable works in serial form[edit]

Dear Sir or Madam (1996–2009) is a collection of letters and other correspondences between Özkaya and cultural institutions, dignitaries and curators. It is his own paper trail of bureaucracy in inaction. In the collection, among others, are his letters to the Louvre asking that he be allowed to hang the Mona Lisa upside down[1] and a letter to the German Bundestag that they permit him to re-wrap the Reichstag.[6] Often, the letters do not deserve a response but curiously, they have usually been treated with official but unthinking courtesy, read perhaps but not comprehended—answered and then often passed along the bureaucratic chain. In 2009, Dear Sir or Madam was exhibited at the Slag Gallery in New York along with works from the same period. Among them was Proletarier Aller Laender (1998-2009) or Proletariat of all Countries, as it is also known in English, a collection of red plastic foam figurines glued to the floor. In viewing this work, the audience is most likely forced to trample on the little figures[7] as if to trample on the working classes. However, the proletariat, which the figurines represent, in their resilience and ultimate power always springing back, indestructible.[citation needed] Other works in the exhibition included the golden sculptures Levitation by Defecation (2008), Shit on a Stick (2008), and Goldenboy (2006), "a fiberglass figure painted in gold acrylic and dangling a couple of feet off the ground by a noose".[7]

In 2000, Özkaya collected roughly 30,000 slides from artists, galleries, and institutions and showed them on one of the largest galleries in the main pedestrian street in Istanbul, at the Kazim Taskent Art Gallery. What A Museum Should Really Look Like (Large Glass) presented a giant mosaic of individual images. During the day the slides were readable from the inside of the gallery and at night, with the lights on, they became a scene for the street. This piece was later initiated in Utrecht, the Netherlands in a much larger scale with 100,000 slides.[citation needed] The collage of thousands of pieces of artwork was collected through an online advertisement. All of the works were arranged in the mosaic with no coherent order and no editorial or curatorial control from Özkaya.[8]

In 2003, Özkaya turned the front and back covers of the Turkish language newspaper, Radikal into drawings.[1] This act enabled the reader to acquire a limited edition artwork for the price of the newspaper.[citation needed] In early 2004, it was part of a group exhibition named "The Poetics of Proximity" at the Guggenheim Gallery at Chapman University.[9] In similar fashion, in subsequent years, some pages of several other newspapers were also hand-rendered and appeared as a print of the drawings. The overall piece, entitled Today Could Be A Day Of Historical Importance was executed in Sweden with Aftonbladet, in Germany with Freitag,[5] and in the US with The New York Times and The Courier-Journal.[1][10] The last of which was created in collaboration with the non-profit artwithoutwalls.[11] The New York Times version in the "Weekend Arts" section appeared mise en abyme with Özkaya's drawing appearing as an inset in the page and an even smaller drawing appearing as an inset of that, and so on, creating a Droste effect.[12][1]

In 2005, Özkaya created David (inspired by Michelangelo), a double-sized golden replica of Michelangeloʼs David based on a 3D computer model by Marc Levoy of Stanford University. The sculpture was first intended to be part of the 9th International Istanbul Biennial.[13] Unfortunately, the statue crashed and was destroyed while in the process of being installed at Şişli Square. Özkaya created two new versions of the replica at a studio in Eskişehir, one of which was to be placed in the local Sazova Science, Art and Culture Park.[14] The other was acquired by 21c Museum Hotels in Louisville, Kentucky.[15] On its way to Louisville, the piece made a stop in New York City. Although just a mere copy, the statue made quite a spectacle, as the artist intended, attracting the attention of tourists and residents as it was transported uncovered lying horizontally on a semi-trailer truck.[16][17][18] The giant 30-foot statue is currently featured in front of the museum hotel on West Main Street in Louisville.[19][20][21]

In A Sudden Gust of Wind (2007 –2013), Özkaya depicted the journey of a stack of papers blown away by the wind. The original work was made with basic materials: standard A4 paper, thread, and glue. The piece was inspired by Ejiri in Suruga Province (A Sudden Gust of Wind), a 19th-century Japanese woodcut by Hokusai, and A Sudden Gust of Wind (after Hokusai) (1993) by Jeff Wall. One version of the installation was first exhibited at the Boots Contemporary Art Space in St. Louis, Missouri.[2][22] Another version of the work was acquired by 21c Museum Hotel and installed at their third location in Bentonville, Arkansas. This version utilizes about 400 metal sheets scattered in a large gallery space.[23][24]

Bring me the head of... at Freemans' Restaurant as part of Performa07

Bring me the head of… (2007–2015) is the edible form of a teddy bear's head on a plate. Instead of working with museums or galleries, in this series, Özkaya collaborated with restaurants and chefs and they decided the ingredients—that is the material of the sculpture. This work was made in collaboration with M on the Bund in Shanghai,[25] offered at Freemans' Restaurant in New York in 2007 as a part of the Performa Biennial,[26][27] at Changa in Istanbul in 2008, as street food in Izmir in 2009,[citation needed] at Capital M in Beijing in 2012,[28] and at the Hive in Bentonville, Arkansas in 2014.[citation needed]

In One and Three Pasta (2012), Özkaya collaborated with the architect George L. Legendre, a professor at Harvard University.[29] They created a series of replicas using computer models of 92 types of pasta (based on Legendreʼs mathematical equations).[30] The actual pieces of pasta were displayed next to their ideal replicas in nylon along with the generative equations for the shape. One and Three Pasta references to canonical works like Joseph Kosuthʼs One and Three Chairs[31] and Donald Juddʼs Untitled stacks.[citation needed]

An Attempt at Exhausting A Place… is a series of works in which the artist "dissolves the white cube" and the usual constraints of a traditional art space. Four projectors are used to display a live feed of the scene beyond the wall on which they are projected.[32] The work was exhibited as part of Özkaya's solo exhibition at the Postmasters Gallery in New York,[33] running from May 14 to June 18, 2016.[34] In a similar installation at İstanbul Modern, a projection on one its interior walls treated the view to a scene of the Bosphorus Strait, making the wall seem transparent.[35] A version of the work is also presented in a permanent exhibition at the lobby of the 21c Museum Hotel in Nashville, Tennessee.[36][37]

Other notable works[edit]

Radisson/Picasso (2012), a pair of Radisson Hotel matchboxes with the text of one of which has been changed to read "Picasso" instead of "Radisson" and was displayed alongside the original.[38]

Atlas (2011) is a contribution to a walking museum wherein Özkaya constructed a rock to be strapped to the curator's back and promenaded daily throughout the streets of New York. The idea was to make "the museum" itself wander around the streets of the city with Özkaya's new piece, a giant rock.[39]

Mirage (2013) was installed at the Postmasters Gallery in New York and consisted of a shadow of a passenger airplane that crossed the room for 45 seconds every four minutes.[40] The shadow here was considered not as the mere absence of light but rather as a material in and of itself which could then be sculpted. The work was also exhibited as part of the Borusan Contemporary Art Collection's Overture: New Acquisitions (2015) at Perili Köşk in Istanbul.[41]

MyMoon (2015 – present) is an another artwork by Özkaya, a large round rock floating in the sky, that is visible only through a smartphone via the MyMoon app. Using the phone's GPS and compass, MyMoon app detects the object in the sky and makes it visible. MyMoon rotates in close proximity to the earth's moon in the sky.[42] Yet unlike the earth's satellite, it is visible outdoors and indoors.[43][44]

Exhibitions[edit]

Selected solo exhibitions[edit]

Selected group exhibitions[edit]

  • Side-Effects (2004), curated by WHW group: Natasha Ilic, Sabina Sabolovic and Ana Devic, WHW Gallery, Zagreb Croatia,
  • public.exe (2004), curated by Anne Ellegood, Michele Thurz, Exit Art, New York City, NY,
  • Situated Self City (2005), curated by Mika Hannula, and Branco Dimitrijevic, Museum Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  • 9th International Istanbul Biennial (2005), curated by Vasif Kortun, Charles Esche, Istanbul, Turkey,
  • 7th Biennial of Video and New Media (2005), Santiago de Chile, Chile
  • SHIFTscale – Extended Field of Contemporary Sculpture (2006), curated by Mika Hannula, Hanno Soans and Villu Jaanisoo , Kumu Art Museum, Tallin, Estonia
  • Pre Emptive (2006), curated by Philippe Pirotte, Kunsthalle Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • Modern and Beyond (2007), curated by Fulya Erdemci, Santral Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
  • PERFORMA07 (2007), curated by Roselee Goldberg with Defne Ayas, New York City
  • A Series of Coincidences (2009), curated by Regine Basha, Cabinet, New York City
  • Ohne Hintersinn (2009), curated by Benjamin Fellmann, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Drawn From Photography (2011), curated by Claire Gilman, The Drawing Center, New York City
  • Carnal Knowledge: Sex + Philosophy (2012), curated by Christopher Eamon and Beth Stryker, Leslie Tonkonow Gallery, New York City
  • Certainty and Vision (2013), curated by Peter Lang and Moritz Gotze, Frankesche Stiftungen zu Halle, Saale, Germany

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Kennedy, Randy (2006-12-15). "Serkan Ozkaya - Art - Report". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  2. ^ a b Cooper, Ivy (2008-10-07). "Review: Serkan Ozkaya works magic". STL Beacon. Archived from the original on 2015-04-11. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  3. ^ a b c Kotretsos, Georgia (2011-07-01). "Inside the Artist's Studio | Serkan Özkaya". Art21 Magazine. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  4. ^ Knight, Christopher (2009-04-12). "Serkan Ozkaya, Dave Muller and the hand-drawn newspaper". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  5. ^ a b Arend, Ingo (2005-08-07). "Kopierer aller Länder.." der Freitag. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  6. ^ Böker, Carmen. "Zeitgenössische Kunst aus Istanbul im Haus der Kulturen der Welt: Gewitzte Metaphern". Berliner Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  7. ^ a b c Luk, Audrey (June 2009). "Dear Sir Or Madam: Serkan Zkaya". Art Asia Pacific. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  8. ^ Cotter, Holland (2004-06-18). "ART REVIEW; Politics That Makes Peace With the Beauty of Objects". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  9. ^ Schoenkopf, Rebecca (2004-02-19). "Strange Land". OC Weekly. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  10. ^ Associated Press (2009-04-10). "Kentucky Page 1A turned into piece of newspaper art". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  11. ^ Shea, Danny (2009-05-11). "Louisville's Courier-Journal Front Page Completely Drawn By Artist". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  12. ^ "Weekend Arts: Fine Arts, Leisure" (PDF). The New York Times. 2006-12-15. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  13. ^ "Serkan Özkaya". 9th International İstanbul Biennial. September 2005. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  14. ^ Bozkurt, Göksel (2011-09-19). "Davut sculpture goes to Kentucky 21C Museum". Hurriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  15. ^ Ruper, Maggie (2012-05-02). "Louisville residents react to giant, gold David statue". WHAS11. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  16. ^ Barron, James (2012-03-06). "David Rolls Into Town, the Streets His Gallery". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  17. ^ "Giant Golden 'David' Statue By Serkan Ozkaya Rolls Through The Streets Of NYC (PHOTOS)". Huffington Post. 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  18. ^ Wagley, Catherine (2012-03-22). "LACMA Rock: Will We Ever Get Past Its Journey and Focus on the Finished Sculpture?". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  19. ^ Browning, Frank (2012-06-08). "Naked David Storms Louisville as Museum Hotels Raid the Gothic South (PHOTOS, NSFW)". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  20. ^ Stamp, Jimmy (2013-03-01). "Digital Files and 3D Printing—in the Renaissance?". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  21. ^ Hunter, Marnie (2012-05-03). "A very indulgent guide to Louisville". CNN Travel. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  22. ^ a b c Wolfson, Elizabeth (2010-11-22). "Not Even You Can Do What You Want: A conversation with Serkan Özkaya". St. Louis Magazine. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  23. ^ Jones, Michelle (2013-07-12). "An art-filled lodging near Arkansas's Crystal Bridges museum". Dallas News. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  24. ^ Wei, Lilly (2013-04-26). "21c Hotel Launches in Bentonville - News - Art in America". Art in America Magazine. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  25. ^ a b "Serkan Özkaya yeni heykeli ile Şanghay'da". Arkitera.com. 2007-09-24. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  26. ^ Goldberg, Roselee (2016). "With every bite, a bit of history". p-e-r-f-o-r-m-a-n-c-e. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  27. ^ Vartanian, Hrag (2007-11-28). "Bring Me the Head of Serkan Özkaya". Artcat. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  28. ^ Mai, Marilyn (2012-05-25). "Art Attack: Oklahoma! Moves, Bookstore Opens, Exhibits Close and Wanda Buys AMC". The Beijinger. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  29. ^ Wolfson, Elizabeth (2012-08-17). "Double Or Nothing: An Interview with Serkan Ozkaya". Art21 Magazine. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  30. ^ a b McClemont, Doug (June 2014). "Serkan Özkaya and George L. Legendre: Postmasters" (PDF). ARTnews. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  31. ^ a b Legendre, George L. (2015-03-04). "Past Mathematica". In Emmer, Michele. Imagine Math 3: Between Culture and Mathematics. Springer. ISBN 9783319012315. 
  32. ^ Gopnik, Blake (2016-06-07). "Serkan Özkaya Dissolves the White Cube | artnet News". artnet News. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  33. ^ a b Laster, Paul (2016-05-12). "Weekend Edition: 10 Things to Do in New York's Art World Before May 16". Observer. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  34. ^ a b "An Attempt At Exhausting a Place in New York". Postmasters Gallery. 2016-05-14. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  35. ^ "Istanbul Modern's 'HARBOR' exhibition focuses on city's kinship with sea". DailySabah. 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  36. ^ Johnson, Paddy (2017-06-19). "A Museum Chain is Local, and Also a Hotel". Art F City. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  37. ^ Baker, Milinda (2017-07-09). "21c Museum Hotel Nashville's inaugural exhibition seeks 'the truth'". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
  38. ^ Murg, Stephanie (2012-03-23). "Friday Photo: Radisson/Picasso". AdWeek. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  39. ^ a b Browning, Frank (2012-06-08). "Naked David Storms Louisville as Museum Hotels Raid the Gothic South (PHOTOS, NSFW)". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  40. ^ Vartanian, Hrag (2013-07-31). "A Shadowy Plane in the Cave". Hyperallergic. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  41. ^ "Two new exhibitions open at Borusan Contemporary". DailySabah. 2014-12-03. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  42. ^ Yıldız, Itır. "Istanbul Comics & Art Festival". Bone Magazine. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  43. ^ Pangburn, DJ (2015-11-13). "If Apple Cares So Much About Design, Why Does the App Store Ignore Artists?". Motherboard. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  44. ^ Miller, Sean (2015-11-16). "Why the Apple App Store Needs an Art Category". PopMatters. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  45. ^ "Monet: A Retrospective". Künstlerhaus Bethanien. Retrieved 2006-06-22. 
  46. ^ "Today Could be a Day of Historical Importance, 4/29/2010 - 5/19/2010". Slag Gallery. 2010-04-29. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 
  47. ^ Nunn, Jerry (2016-12-21). "TRAVEL Feeling lucky in Kentucky - Gay Lesbian Bi Trans News Archive - Windy City Times". Windy City Times. Retrieved 2017-09-08. 

External links[edit]