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Serotonin (novel)

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First edition cover
AuthorMichel Houellebecq
Original titleSérotonine
TranslatorShaun Whiteside
PublisherFlammarion (France)
Publication date
4 January 2019
Publication place France
Published in English
26 September 2019 (UK)
Media typePrint
LC ClassPQ2668.O77 S48 2019

Serotonin (French: Sérotonine) is a novel by French writer Michel Houellebecq, published in January 2019.[1]


The narrator, Florent-Claude Labrouste, is a depressed agricultural scientist who lives in a Parisian apartment block, the Tour Totem. He commutes to Normandy to help promote French cheese.[2] Sympathetic to the plight of local farmers, he is powerless to help them retain their traditional methods:[3][4]

In short, what is taking place with French agriculture is a vast redundancy plan, but one that is secret and invisible, where people disappear one by one, on their plots of land, without ever being noticed.

After watching a television documentary about people who choose to disappear from their life without telling anyone, Labrouste abruptly leaves his girlfriend, a young Japanese woman who is highly sexual but devoid of affection, quits his job under a false pretence and flees to a chain hotel in another part of Paris.

A doctor prescribes him an antidepressant to remedy his low levels of serotonin, hence the title of the novel. Although the drug dulls his sex drive, Labrouste returns to Normandy in search of former lovers. While there, he visits an old college friend, Aymeric, a divorced and suicidal aristocratic landowner. At the climax of the novel, farmers equipped with assault rifles blockade a motorway. Aymeric is among them and shoots himself, sparking a clash with riot police in which 10 more people die.[3]

Later on, Labrouste begins secretly observing the love of his life, Camille, who has a son from another man. At first intending to shoot the child with one of Aymeric's sniper rifles in order to win back her love, he finds himself unable to go through with it. Finally, Labrouste moves back to Paris, contemplating committing suicide by jumping out of a window.


The novel depicts French farmers struggling to survive in the face of globalisation, agribusiness and European Union policies. It foresaw many concerns of the yellow vests movement which began protesting in France in late 2018.[3] Written before protesters began blockading roads in real life, Serotonin soon joined previous Houellebecq novels Platform and Submission in being termed eerily prophetic by critics.[5][6]

As with many of Houllebecq's works, the protagonist is an alienated, middle-aged man.[3] Serotonin features its author's trademark black humour and depictions of loveless sex, and also touches on paedophilia (when the narrator spies on a suspicious German tourist) and bestiality (when he finds pornographic videos of his girlfriend on her computer). The overall mood is one of spiritual malaise and social fracture during the decline of the West.[4]


The initial print run in France was 320,000 copies. German, Italian and Spanish editions were published the same month. An English translation by Shaun Whiteside was published in the United Kingdom by William Heinemann on 26 September 2019.[3][7] Whiteside's translation was published in the United States by Farrar, Straus and Giroux on 19 November 2019.[8]


In France, Serotonin was the best-selling fiction book in the week it was released.[9] Within three days of its publication, it had sold 90,000 copies.[10] The release was considered a national event, coming as it did the same month Houellebecq was awarded the Legion of Honour.[5]

In response to the narrator of Serotonin calling Niort "one of the ugliest towns I've ever seen", the town's mayor said that he would send some locally grown angelica to Houellebecq's publisher to cheer up the notoriously gloomy author.[11]


  1. ^ "Catalogue: Sérotonine de Michel Houellebecq". Flammarion. Groupe Flammarion. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  2. ^ Donadio, Rachel (13 January 2019). "A Novel Made for the "Yellow Vest" Moment". The Atlantic. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e Sexton, David (10 January 2019). "Book of the week: Sérotonine by Michel Houellebecq". Evening Standard. ESI Media. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b Zaretsky, Robert (5 January 2019). "Michel Houellebecq Hated Europe Before You Did". Foreign Policy. The FP Group. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b Chrisafis, Angelique (4 January 2019). "'Vanquished white male': Houellebecq's new novel predicts French discontent". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. ^ Woods, Mike (2 January 2019). "France's Houellebecq foresees Yellow Vest unrest in new novel". RFI English. France Médias Monde. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Serotonin". Penguin Books UK. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Serotonin". Macmillan Publishers. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  9. ^ Nawotka, Ed (18 January 2019). "'Becoming' Bewitched Europe in December". Publishers Weekly. PWxyz LLC. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  10. ^ Hussey, Andrew (16 January 2019). "How France's provocateur-in-chief became part of the establishment". New Statesman. New Statesman Media. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  11. ^ "'Ugliest' French town invites author Houellebecq to sample its 'happy' herb". RFI English. France Médias Monde. 4 January 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2019.