|Sumatran Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) at Dusit Zoo, Bangkok, Thailand.|
|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Capricornis crispus||Japanese serow||four main islands of Japan|
|Capricornis sumatraensis||Sumatran serow||Thai-Malay Peninsula and on the Indonesian island of Sumatra|
|Capricornis milneedwardsii||Chinese serow||China and Southeast Asia|
|Capricornis rubidus||Red serow||southern Bangladesh and northern Burma|
|Capricornis thar||Himalayan serow||eastern Himalayas and eastern and southeastern Bangladesh|
|Capricornis swinhoei||Taiwan serow||Taiwan|
Like their smaller relatives the gorals, serows are often found grazing on rocky hills, though typically at a lower elevation when the two types of animal share territory. Serows are slower and less agile than gorals, but they nevertheless can climb slopes to escape predation, and to take shelter during cold winters or hot summers. Serows, unlike gorals, make use of their preorbital glands in scent marking.
Coloration varies by species, region, and individual. Both sexes have beards and small horns which are often shorter than their ears.
The serow subfamily population as a whole is considered endangered. Most serow species are included in the red list of IUCN with decreasing populations. The Japanese serow is better protected than the other sub-species of serows (source: IUCN 2008).
- Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). 1911. .