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Serow Capricornis sumatraensis.JPG
Sumatran Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis) at Dusit Zoo, Bangkok, Thailand.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Capricornis
Ogilby, 1836

Capricornis crispus
Capricornis milneedwardsii
Capricornis rubidus
Capricornis sumatraensis
Capricornis thar
Capricornis swinhoei

The serows (/səˈr/ or /ˈsɛr/) are six species of medium-sized goat-like or antelope-like mammals of the genus Capricornis.

Extant species[edit]

All six species of serow were until recently also classified under Naemorhedus, which now only contains the gorals. They live in central and eastern Asia.

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Nihonkamoshika-akita.JPG Capricornis crispus Japanese serow four main islands of Japan
Serow Capricornis sumatraensis.JPG Capricornis sumatraensis Sumatran serow Thai-Malay Peninsula and on the Indonesian island of Sumatra
Capricornis milneedwardsii 1.jpg Capricornis milneedwardsii Chinese serow China and Southeast Asia
Capricornis rubidus.jpg Capricornis rubidus Red serow southern Bangladesh and northern Burma
Himalayan Serow Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary East Sikkim Sikkim India 13.02.2016.jpg Capricornis thar Himalayan serow eastern Himalayas and eastern and southeastern Bangladesh
長鬃山羊.jpg Capricornis swinhoei Taiwan serow Taiwan

Like their smaller relatives the gorals, serows are often found grazing on rocky hills, though typically at a lower elevation when the two types of animal share territory. Serows are slower and less agile than gorals, but they nevertheless can climb slopes to escape predation, and to take shelter during cold winters or hot summers. Serows, unlike gorals, make use of their preorbital glands in scent marking.

Coloration varies by species, region, and individual. Both sexes have beards and small horns which are often shorter than their ears.

Fossils of serow-like animals date as far back as the late Pliocene, two to seven million years ago. The common ancestor species of the Caprinae subfamily may have been very similar to modern serows.

The serow subfamily population as a whole is considered endangered. Most serow species are included in the red list of IUCN with decreasing populations. The Japanese serow is better protected than the other sub-species of serows (source: IUCN 2008).


  1. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 703–705. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.

External links[edit]