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Flag of Serpa
Coat of arms of Serpa
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 37°56′N 7°35′W / 37.933°N 7.583°W / 37.933; -7.583Coordinates: 37°56′N 7°35′W / 37.933°N 7.583°W / 37.933; -7.583
Country  Portugal
Region Alentejo
Subregion Baixo Alentejo
Intermunic. comm. Baixo Alentejo
District Beja
Parishes 5
 • President João Manuel Silva (CDU)
 • Total 1,105.63 km2 (426.89 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,623
 • Density 14/km2 (37/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)

Serpa (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɛɾpɐ]) is a city and a municipality in Portugal, in Alentejo Region. The population in 2011 was 15,623,[1] in an area of 1105.63 km².[2] The Guadiana River flows close to the town of Serpa.


Administratively, the municipality is divided into 5 civil parishes (freguesias):[3]


Aqueduct in Serpa

Serpa is of ancient origins and its establishment probably preceded the coming of the Romans to the area. After the Roman occupation, the neighbouring town of Beja (known as Pax Julia to the Romans) became the Roman capital of Pacensis (southern subdivision of Lusitania province) and Serpa was settled by Roman settlers. The archeological remains of a Roman Villa today lie close to Serpa.

The Moors settled in Serpa after their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula and remained until their defeat at the hands of Portuguese forces fighting their way south during the period of the Reconquista (the Christian re-conquest of Iberia).

As a result of Serpa's proximity to the Spanish border, the town has always been a defensive stronghold and today is still surrounded by thick castle walls. The town castle stands in the middle of town and is partly damaged as a result of the last Spanish invasion.

Owing to its rich past, Serpa offers much in historical interest to visitors, including archeological sites, the town walls, the castle, the aqueduct, the clock tower, the town's museum and numerous interesting old churches.

The area surrounding Serpa consists mostly of wheat farms and wheat has traditionally been the staple of the local economy employing many people. Due to the area's strong agricultural reliance much of the area's people have traditionally been peasants or sheep herders.

After the Portuguese Revolution of 1974 the Portuguese Communist Party gained strong support in the area and its popularity continues to this day.

Today many urban residents of Lisbon, Beja and other cities maintain country homes in Serpa or take weekend breaks to the area as a result of Serpa's rural location and laid back lifestyle.

Serpa is famous for its cheese, a spicy and strong-smelling cheese made in the area and eaten throughout Portugal, although a good one is now hard to find. Other local and regional specialties include Shepherd's Lamb Stew, a Clam and Pork dish and Sweet Potato Pastries. Slightly to the northeast, Pias 38°1′16″N 7°28′39″W / 38.02111°N 7.47750°W / 38.02111; -7.47750 is known for its wine.

The municipal holiday is Holy Tuesday.

Castle of Serpa

Solar Power[edit]

On April 27, 2006, GE Energy Financial Services, PowerLight Corporation and Catavento Lda announced that they would build one of the world’s largest solar photovoltaic power projects at a single site in Serpa. The 11-megawatt solar power station, comprising 52,000 photovoltaic modules, would be built in one of Europe’s sunniest areas.[4] The power station was inaugurated on March 28, 2007.[5]


  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Direção-Geral do Território
  3. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 113" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links[edit]