Serra de Tramuntana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Serra de Tramuntana
UNESCO World Heritage Site
SerraTramuntana2.jpg
Official nameCultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana
LocationMajorca, Spain
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iv), (v)
Reference1371
Inscription2011 (35th session)
Area30,745 ha (75,970 acres)
Buffer zone78,617 ha (194,270 acres)
Coordinates39°43′51″N 2°41′41″E / 39.73083°N 2.69472°E / 39.73083; 2.69472Coordinates: 39°43′51″N 2°41′41″E / 39.73083°N 2.69472°E / 39.73083; 2.69472
Serra de Tramuntana is located in Majorca
Serra de Tramuntana
Location of Serra de Tramuntana in Majorca
Serra de Tramuntana is located in Spain
Serra de Tramuntana
Serra de Tramuntana (Spain)
Municipalities of the Serra de Tramuntana, Majorca

The Serra de Tramuntana (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsɛrə ðə tɾəmunˈtanə], Spanish: Sierra de Tramontana) is a mountain range running southwest–northeast which forms the northern backbone of the Spanish island of Mallorca. It is also the name given to the comarca of the same area. On 27 June 2011, the Tramuntana Range was awarded World Heritage Status by UNESCO as an area of great physical and cultural significance.

Geography[edit]

The highest peak is the Puig Major, which at 1,445 metres, is the highest mountain in the Balearic Islands. It is closely followed by the Puig de Massanella, which stands at 1,364 metres.

The climate in the Tramuntana Range is significantly wetter than the rest of the island, recording as much as 1507 mm (59.3 inches) of precipitation per year, in comparison with some other parts of the island where annual rainfall is less than 400mm (15 inch). It is also cooler due to the altitude, and a few days of snow are not unusual during winter.

The Serra de Na Burguesa is the southernmost portion of the Tramuntana Range.

Coll de Cal Reis[edit]

Coll de Cal Reis is a mountain saddle in the Serra de Tramuntana range on the Ballearic Island of Mallorca. To the west of the saddle a ridge extends up to the highest point of the island, the Puig Major, whilst east of saddle, there is only a minor side peak, the Moleta de Cals Reis.

The highway Ma-2141 leads over the saddle down to the beach town of Sa Calobra, one of the supposed most pitoresque roads of Spain.[1] The road is also a famous target for road cyclists.[2]

Country road Ma-2141 from Els Castellots, Mallorca, Spain

Municipalities in the region[edit]

Municipality Population Surface area
(km2)
Population density
(persons per km2)
Andratx 11,348 81.45 139.3
Banyalbufar 627 18.05 34.7
Bunyola 5,910 84.63 69.8
Calvià 50,777 144.97 350.3
Deià 754 15.12 49.9
Escorca 276 139.33 2.0
Esporles 4,696 35.27 133.1
Estellencs 388 13.39 29.0
Fornalutx 732 19.49 37.6
Pollença 16,997 151.44 116.4
Puigpunyent 1,763 42.28 41.7
Sóller 13,625 42.75 318.7
Valldemossa 1,977 42.84 46.2

Population as at 1 January 2008

Environmental protection[edit]

In June 2011, the entire mountain range, which has been preserved as an important nature reserve, outstanding in their geology and forest cover and harboring a diversity of plant and animal species, away from rapid urbanization, was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The UNESCO introductory statement refers to:

The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana located on a sheer-sided mountain range parallel to the north-western coast of the island of Mallorca. Millennia of agriculture in an environment with scarce resources has transformed the terrain and displays an articulated network of devices for the management of water revolving around farming units of feudal origins. The landscape is marked by agricultural terraces and inter-connected water works - including water mills - as well as dry stone constructions and farms.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davies, Bryn (18 September 2017). "CARRETERA DE SA CALOBRA: THE BEST ROAD IN SPAIN?". Adventure Bike Rider. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.tramuntanacycling.com/en/climbs-routes/the-best-climbs/item/col-dels-reis-from-sa-calobra
  3. ^ UNESCO statement

External links[edit]