Serra do Mar coastal forests

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Serra do Mar coastal forests
Serra do mar paraná.jpg
Forest in Serra do Mar, Paraná, Brazil.
Serra do Mar coastal forests WWF.png
Serra do Mar coastal forests localization as delineated by WWF.
BiomeAtlantic Forest
Bird species628[1]
Mammal species175[1]
Area104,800 km2 (40,500 sq mi)
Country Brazil
StatesSão Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul
Habitat loss70.0%[2]

The Serra do Mar coastal forests is an ecoregion of the tropical moist forests biome, and of the South American Atlantic Forest biome.


The Serra do Mar mountain range defines this ecoregion. The Serra do Mar coastal forests are located in the Serra do Mar, along the southern coast of Brazil for about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi).

The ecoregion lies within the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul.

Natural history[edit]

The forest in Serra do Mar State Park, seen next to the Oswaldo Cruz highway, in Ubatuba.

The climate is subtropical with high levels of annual rainfall.

The montane tropical moist forest habitats are vegetated with species of Bromeliaceae, Myrtaceae, Melastomataceae and Lauraceae. This region has an outstanding biodiversity consisting of flora, mammals, birds, and herpetofauna.


70% of the original forest has already been altered by settlement and agriculture. 51% is currently in protected areas.

The primary ongoing threats to this ecoregion are urban development and tourism infrastructure.

Satellite picture of Serra do Mar coastal forests ecoregion (within yellow line).
The deforestation (tan areas) of the ecoregion is visible.
Golden lion tamarin, an endemic species of the Serra do Mar coastal forests, in Rio de Janeiro.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hoekstra, J. M.; Molnar, J. L.; Jennings, M.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D.; Boucher, T. M.; Robertson, J. C.; Heibel, T. J.; Ellison, K. (2010). Molnar, J. L. (ed.). The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26256-0.
  2. ^ Ribeiro, M. C.; Metzger, Jean Paul; et al. (2009). "The Brazilian Atlantic Forest: How much is left, and how is the remaining forest distributed? Implications for conservation". Biological Conservation. 142 (6): 1141–1153. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.021.
  3. ^ "Visão da Biodiversidade da Ecorregião da Serra do Mar" (PDF).

External links[edit]