Serrano pepper plant with red and green fruits
|Origin||Puebla and Hidalgo Mexico|
|Scoville scale||10,000–23,000 SHU|
The serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a type of chili pepper that originated in the mountainous regions of the Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo. The name of the pepper is a reference to the mountains (sierras) of these regions.
Mature serrano pepper plants reach a height of 0.5 to 1.5 m (1.5 to 5.0 ft) tall. Each plant can produce up through 50 pepper berries (not true botanical pods). The fruit can be harvested while they are green or ripe. Unripe serrano peppers are green, but the color varies at maturity; common colors for the ripe fruit are green, red, brown, orange, and yellow. Serrano peppers do better in soils with a pH between 7.0 and 8.5 in warm temperatures above 75 °F (24 °C) and have a low tolerance for frost.
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||121.336 kJ (29.000 kcal)|
|Dietary fiber||3.7 g|
|Vitamin A equiv.|
|Capsaicin||0.01g – 6 g|
|†Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. |
Source: USDA FoodData Central
The Scoville rating of the serrano pepper is 10,000 to 23,000. They are typically eaten raw and have a bright and biting flavor that is notably hotter than the jalapeño pepper. Serrano peppers are also commonly used in making pico de gallo and salsa, as the chili is particularly fleshy compared to others, making it ideal for such dishes.
- DeWitt, Dave; Paul W. Boslund (2009). The Complete Chile Pepper Book: A Gardener's Guide to Choosing, Growing, Preserving, and Cooking. Timber Press. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-88192-920-1.
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