Serrano pepper

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Serrano pepper
Serranochilis.jpg
Serrano pepper plant with red and green fruits
SpeciesCapsicum annuum
OriginPuebla and Hidalgo Mexico
Heat Hot
Scoville scale10,000–23,000 SHU

The serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a type of chili pepper that originated in the mountainous regions of the Mexican states of Puebla and Hidalgo.[1] The name of the pepper is a reference to the mountains (sierras) of these regions.[1]

Serrano plant[edit]

Mature serrano pepper plants reach a height of 0.5 to 1.5 m (1.5 to 5.0 ft) tall.[1] Each plant can hold up to 50 pepper pods.[1] The fruit can be harvested while they are green or ripe. Unripe serrano peppers are green, but the color varies at maturity; common colors for the ripe fruit are green, red, brown, orange, and yellow. Serrano peppers do better in soils with a pH between 7.0 and 8.5 in warm temperatures above 75°F (24°C), with a low tolerance for frost.[2]

Serrano fruit[edit]

Peppers, serrano, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy121.336 kJ (29.000 kcal)
6.70 g
Sugars3.8 g
Dietary fiber3.7 g
0.4 g
1.7 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
6%
47 μg
Thiamine (B1)
5%
0.054 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
7%
0.081 mg
Niacin (B3)
10%
1.537 mg
Vitamin B6
39%
0.505 mg
Folate (B9)
6%
23 μg
Vitamin C
54%
44.9 mg
Vitamin E
5%
0.69 mg
Vitamin K
11%
11.8 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
1%
11 mg
Iron
7%
0.86 mg
Magnesium
6%
22 mg
Phosphorus
6%
40 mg
Potassium
6%
305 mg
Sodium
1%
10 mg
Zinc
3%
0.26 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water90.25 g
Capsaicin0.01g – 6 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

The Scoville rating of the serrano pepper is 10,000 to 23,000.[3] They are typically eaten raw and have a bright and biting flavor that is notably hotter than the jalapeño pepper. Serrano peppers are also commonly used in making pico de gallo and salsa, as the chili is particularly fleshy compared to others, making it ideal for such dishes.[1]

It is the second most used chili pepper in Mexican cuisine.[4] The Mexican states of Veracruz, Sinaloa, Nayarit, and Tamaulipas produce about 180,000 tons of serranos each year.[5]

Close-up of unripe serrano peppers

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e DeWitt, Dave; Paul W. Boslund (2009). The Complete Chile Pepper Book: A Gardener's Guide to Choosing, Growing, Preserving, and Cooking. Timber Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-88192-920-4.
  2. ^ "Growing Serrano Peppers". PlantDex. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Types of hot peppers". Retrieved 12 March 2010.
  4. ^ "Serrano Pepper | WorldCrops". worldcrops.org. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  5. ^ Nolte, Kurt. "Serrano Peppers" (PDF). cals.arizona.edu. Retrieved 30 August 2012.