Serratus posterior superior muscle

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Serratus posterior superior muscle
Posterior superior serratus muscle.jpg
Thin film-like object, at center, is serratus posterior superior muscle.
Origin Nuchal ligament (or ligamentum nuchae) and the spinous processes of the vertebrae C7 through T3
Insertion The upper borders of the 2nd through 5th ribs
Artery Intercostal arteries
Nerve 2nd through 5th intercostal nerves
Actions Elevates the ribs which aids in inspiration
Latin Musculus serratus posterior superior
TA A04.3.01.011
FMA 13401
Anatomical terms of muscle

The serratus posterior superior is a thin, quadrilateral muscle, situated at the upper and back part of the thorax, deep to the rhomboid muscles.

It arises by a thin and broad aponeurosis from the lower part of the ligamentum nuchae, from the spinous processes of the seventh cervical and upper two or three thoracic vertebrae and from the supraspinal ligament.

Inclining downward and lateralward it becomes muscular, and is inserted, by four fleshy digitations, into the upper borders of the second, third, fourth, and fifth ribs, a little beyond their angles.

The function of serratus posterior superior is to elevate second to fifth ribs, which aids deep inspiration.

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  • Clinically Oriented Anatomy, 4th ed. Keith L. Moore and Arthur F. Dalley.
  • Board Review Series: Gross Anatomy, 4th ed. Kyung Won Chung.

External links[edit]

  • Anatomy figure: 01:05-02 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Intermediate layer of the extrinsic muscles of the back, deep muscles."