|Servaline genet range|
The servaline genet (Genetta servalina) is a small carnivoran living in Central Africa. It belongs to the viverrid family (the civets and genets). The term "servaline" references its superficial resemblance to the serval, a completely different animal in the cat family. As the servaline genet is widely distributed and common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.
The servaline genet's fur is rufous with black spots on neck, back and sides. Its feet are black. Its long tail is banded with wide black and narrow white rings. It is short-haired and has a dark broken stripe along the spine. The tip of its tail is bright.
Measurements of male museum specimens range from 490 to 510 mm (19 to 20 in) in head and body with a 450 to 465 mm (17.7 to 18.3 in) long tail. Females range from 445 to 495 mm (17.5 to 19.5 in) in head and body with a 368 to 485 mm (14.5 to 19.1 in) long tail.
Distribution and habitat
Distribution of subspecies
A number of servaline genet subspecies are recognised, including:
- Lowe's servaline genet (G. s. lowei). For many years this was only known from the type specimen, a single pelt collected in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, in 1932. It was rediscovered during a live trapping survey in 2000, and made the news in 2002 when it was photo-trapped in Udzungwa for the first time. It has since been caught in camera traps in the Uluguru and Nguru ranges, raising the possibility that it is even more widely distributed in Tanzania's Eastern Arc Mountains.
- The Zanzibar servaline genet (G. s. archeri) is endemic to Unguja Island, Zanzibar, and became known to science in 1995 when a specimen was killed close to the Jozani forest. Several individuals were recorded by camera traps for the first time in January 2003 in the Jozani-Chwaka Bay National Park.
- Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). "Genetta servalina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- Pucheran, J. (1855). Genetta servalina. Revue et magasin de zoologie pure et appliquée: 154.
- Gaubert, P., Taylor, P. J., & Veron, G. (2005). Integrative taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of the genets (Carnivora, Viverridae, Genetta): a new classification of the most speciose carnivoran genus in Africa. In: Huber, B. A., Sinclair, B. J., Lampe, K.-H. (eds.) African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Tropical Biology, Museum König, Bonn. Springer. Pp. 371–383.
- Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. (2013). Genetta servalina Servaline Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 242–245. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
- Gaubert, P.; Papeş, M.; Peterson, A.T. (2006). "Natural history collections and the conservation of poorly known taxa: Ecological niche modeling in central African rainforest genets (Genetta spp.)". Biological Conservation. 130: 106–117. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.12.006.
- Rovero, F., Doggart, N., Bowkett, A. & Burgess, N. (2006). "New Records for Lowe's Servaline Genet from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania". Oryx. 40 (2): 139. doi:10.1017/S0030605306000688.
- Van Rompaey, H.; Colyn, M. (1998). "A new servaline genet (Carnivora, Viverridae) from Zanzibar island". South African Journal of Zoology. 33 (1): 42–46.
- Goldman, H. V. & Winther-Hansen, J. (2003). "The Small Carnivores of Unguja: Results of a Photo-trapping Survey in Jozani Forest Reserve, Zanzibar, Tanzania" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-01-11.
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