Servaline genet

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Servaline genet
Servaline Genet.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Viverridae
Genus: Genetta
Species: G. servalina
Binomial name
Genetta servalina
Pucheran, 1855
Servaline Genet area.png
Servaline genet range

The servaline genet (Genetta servalina) is a small carnivoran living in Central Africa. It belongs to the viverrid family (the civets and genets). The term "servaline" references its superficial resemblance to the serval, a completely different animal in the cat family. As the servaline genet is widely distributed and common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

The servaline genet's fur is rufous with black spots on neck, back and sides. Its feet are black. Its long tail is banded with wide black and narrow white rings.[2] It is short-haired and has a dark broken stripe along the spine. The tip of its tail is bright.[3]

Measurements of male museum specimens range from 490 to 510 mm (19 to 20 in) in head and body with a 450 to 465 mm (17.7 to 18.3 in) long tail. Females range from 445 to 495 mm (17.5 to 19.5 in) in head and body with a 368 to 485 mm (14.5 to 19.1 in) long tail.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Servaline genets are distributed from the Sanaga River in Cameroon southwards to the Congo Basin and eastwards to Uganda and Tanzania.[5]

Distribution of subspecies[edit]

A number of servaline genet subspecies are recognised, including:

The crested servaline genet (G. cristata) was also considered to be a subspecies of the servaline genet, but is now generally regarded as a distinct species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). "Genetta servalina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ Pucheran, J. (1855). Genetta servalina. Revue et magasin de zoologie pure et appliquée: 154.
  3. ^ Gaubert, P., Taylor, P. J., & Veron, G. (2005). Integrative taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of the genets (Carnivora, Viverridae, Genetta): a new classification of the most speciose carnivoran genus in Africa. In: Huber, B. A., Sinclair, B. J., Lampe, K.-H. (eds.) African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Tropical Biology, Museum König, Bonn. Springer. Pp. 371–383.
  4. ^ Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. (2013). Genetta servalina Servaline Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 242–245. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  5. ^ Gaubert, P.; Papeş, M.; Peterson, A.T. (2006). "Natural history collections and the conservation of poorly known taxa: Ecological niche modeling in central African rainforest genets (Genetta spp.)". Biological Conservation 130: 106–117. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2005.12.006. 
  6. ^ Rovero, F., Doggart, N., Bowkett, A. & Burgess, N. (2006). "New Records for Lowe's Servaline Genet from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania". Oryx 40 (2): 139. doi:10.1017/S0030605306000688. 
  7. ^ Van Rompaey, H.; Colyn, M. (1998). "A new servaline genet (Carnivora, Viverridae) from Zanzibar island". South African Journal of Zoology 33 (1): 42–46. 
  8. ^ Goldman, H. V. & Winther-Hansen, J. (2003). "The Small Carnivores of Unguja: Results of a Photo-trapping Survey in Jozani Forest Reserve, Zanzibar, Tanzania" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-01-11. 

External links[edit]