Servaline genet

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Servaline genet
Servaline Genet.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Viverridae
Genus: Genetta
Species: G. servalina
Binomial name
Genetta servalina
Pucheran, 1855
Servaline Genet area.png
Servaline genet range

The servaline genet (Genetta servalina) is a small carnivoran living in Central Africa. As it is widely distributed and common, it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

The servaline genet's fur is rufous with black spots on neck, back and sides. Its feet are black. Its long tail is banded with wide black and narrow white rings.[2] It is short-haired and has a dark broken stripe along the spine. The tip of its tail is bright.[3]

Measurements of male museum specimens range from 490 to 510 cm (190 to 200 in) in head and body with a 450 to 465 cm (177 to 183 in) long tail. Females range from 445 to 495 cm (175 to 195 in) in head and body with a 368 to 485 cm (145 to 191 in) long tail.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Servaline genets are distributed from the Sanaga River in Cameroon southwards to the Congo Basin and eastwards to Uganda and Tanzania.[5]

Distribution of subspecies[edit]

A number of servaline genet subspecies are recognised, including:

  • Lowe's servaline genet (G. s. lowei). For many years this was only known from the type specimen, a single pelt collected in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, in 1932. It was rediscovered during a live trapping survey in 2000, and made the news in 2002 when it was photo-trapped in Udzungwa for the first time. It has since been caught in camera traps in the Uluguru and Nguru ranges, raising the possibility that it is even more widely distributed in Tanzania's Eastern Arc Mountains.[6]

The crested servaline genet (G. cristata) was also considered to be a subspecies of the servaline genet, but is now generally regarded as a distinct species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). "Genetta servalina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. 
  2. ^ Pucheran, J. (1855). Genetta servalina. Revue et magasin de zoologie pure et appliquée: 154.
  3. ^ Gaubert, P., Taylor, P. J., & Veron, G. (2005). Integrative taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of the genets (Carnivora, Viverridae, Genetta): a new classification of the most speciose carnivoran genus in Africa. In: Huber, B. A., Sinclair, B. J., Lampe, K.-H. (eds.) African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium of Tropical Biology, Museum König, Bonn. Springer. Pp. 371–383.
  4. ^ Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. (2013). Genetta servalina Servaline Genet. In: J. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds.) The Mammals of Africa. V. Carnivores, Pangolins, Equids and Rhinoceroses, pp. 242–245. Bloomsbury, London, UK.
  5. ^ Gaubert, P., Papeş, M., Peterson, A.T. (2006). Natural history collections and the conservation of poorly known taxa: Ecological niche modeling in central African rainforest genets (Genetta spp.). Biological Conservation 130: 106–117.
  6. ^ Rovero, F., Doggart, N., Bowkett, A. & Burgess, N. (2006). "New Records for Lowe's Servaline Genet from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania". Oryx 40 (2): 139. 
  7. ^ Van Rompaey, H., & Colyn, M. (1998). A new servaline genet (Carnivora, Viverridae) from Zanzibar island. South African Journal of Zoology 33(1): 42–46.
  8. ^ Goldman, H. V. & Winther-Hansen, J. (2003). "The Small Carnivores of Unguja: Results of a Photo-trapping Survey in Jozani Forest Reserve, Zanzibar, Tanzania" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-01-11. 

External links[edit]