Service Medal in Gold

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Service Medal in Gold
MK Service Medal in Gold.jpg
Awarded by the President
Country Flag of the African National Congress.svg  South Africa
Type Military long service medal
Eligibility Umkhonto we Sizwe cadres
Awarded for Thirty years exemplary service
Campaign(s) The "struggle"
Status Discontinued in 2003
Statistics
Established 1996
MK 1996 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
SANDF precedence:
Next (lower)
MK succession:
Ribbon - Service Medal in Gold.png
Ribbon bar

The Service Medal in Gold was instituted by the President of the Republic of South Africa in April 1996. It was awarded to veteran cadres of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the African National Congress, for thirty years exemplary service.[1]

Umkhonto we Sizwe[edit]

Umkhonto we Sizwe, abbreviated as MK, "Spear of the Nation" in [isiXhosa language|Xhosa]], was the para-military wing of the African National Congress (ANC). It was established on 16 December 1961 to wage an armed "struggle" against the Nationalist government inside South Africa. On 27 April 1994, Umkhonto we Sizwe was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[1][2][3]

Institution[edit]

The Service Medal in Gold was instituted by the President of South Africa in April 1996. It is the senior award of a set of three medals for long service, along with the Service Medal in Silver and the Service Medal in Bronze.[1][4][5]

Umkhonto we Sizwe's military decorations and medals were modelled on those of the South African Defence Force and these three medals are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Good Service Medal, Gold, the Good Service Medal, Silver and the Good Service Medal, Bronze.[4]

Award criteria[edit]

The medal could be awarded to veteran cadres of Umkhonto we Sizwe for thirty years exemplary service.[1][4]

Order of wear[edit]

The position of the Service Medal in Gold in the official military and national orders of precedence was revised upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[4][6]

Umkhonto we Sizwe

South Africa Service Medal Service Medal in Gold Service Medal in Silver

South African National Defence Force until 26 April 2003

Gold Service Medal Service Medal in Gold John Chard Decoration (JCD)

South African National Defence Force from 27 April 2003

Gold Service Medal Service Medal in Gold Medalje vir Troue Diens and Bar, 30 years

  • Official SANDF order of precedence:
  • Official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Gold Service Medal of the Azanian People's Liberation Army.
    • Succeeded by the Medalje vir Troue Diens and Bar, 30 years of the Republic of South Africa.[4]

Description[edit]

Obverse

The Service Medal in Gold is a silver-gilt oval medallion with a raised edge, depicting the Umkhonto we Sizwe emblem.[1][7][8][9]

Reverse

The reverse is smooth and displays the embellished pre-1994 South African Coat of Arms, with silver hallmarks impressed below and the medal number impressed above.[7][8]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide and green, with a 4 millimetres wide black edge at left and a 4 millimetres wide yellow edge at right.[1][7][8][9]

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the Service Medal in Gold was discontinued upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f South African Medal Website - Liberation armies (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  2. ^ "Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe". African National Congress. 16 December 1961. Archived from the original on 17 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  3. ^ Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  5. ^ a b Presidential Warrant by the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of Honours for Bravery in the South African National Defence Force, Gazette no. 25213 dated 25 July 2003.
  6. ^ a b c F S MK 30 Year Good Service Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ a b c MK 30 Years Service full size medal numbered Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Umkhonto Wesizwe (MK)