Service pistol

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A United States Army soldier in 2009 demonstrates the usage of his Beretta M9 sidearm.

A service pistol is any handgun issued to military personnel or law enforcement officers.

Typically service pistols are revolvers or semi-automatic pistols issued to officers, non-commissioned officers, and rear-echelon support personnel for self defense, though service pistols may also be issued to special forces as a backup for their primary weapons. Pistols are not typically issued to front-line infantry.

Before firearms were commonplace, officers typically carried swords instead.

History[edit]

Prior to the introduction of cartridge-loading firearms, there was little standardization with regards to the handguns carried by military personnel, although it had been important for officers, artillerymen, and other auxiliary troops to have a means of defending themselves, especially as it was not always practical for them to have a full-length rifle or carbine.

Traditionally, soldiers (infantry and cavalry alike) and officers had carried swords for both personal protection and use in combat. The development of firearms in the mid-14th century changed the way battles were fought, and by the late-15th century it was no longer especially practical to close to hand-to-hand combat range to engage one's opponents, owing to the prevalence of pikes and musket-fire (pike and shot) on the battlefield.

Training was also a factor—it took a very long time to train new recruits in the use of longbows and swords—whereas the basic operation of an arquebus could be taught in a comparatively short time. As a result, swords were retained only by officers (who were less likely to be at the front of the pike-and-musket hedge) and by cavalry, for whom early single-shot handguns were of limited use.

The invention of the revolver in 1836 finally made a service pistol practical, as prior to this pistols had largely been single-shot weapons usually of no particular standardized pattern.

Although officers traditionally had been obligated to buy their own weapons, non-commissioned officers (NCOs) and other enlisted personnel were generally issued their weapons (which they were then expected to either pay for or return to the quartermaster if they were promoted). Service pistols, on the other hand, were generally issued to officers, NCO, and others who needed to carry personal weapons as part of their duties. Hence, it was quite common for officers to carry government-issued service pistols in combat.

The first service handguns were revolvers, but the development of semi-automatic pistols (the first practical example being the Mauser C96 "Broomhandle") gradually led to their replacement by semi-automatic handguns, such as the well-known German P08 Luger, the first semi-automatic service pistol to be widely adopted by an industrialised nation.

The British Army was the last major military service to adopt a semi-automatic service pistol as a standard sidearm, phasing out their Webley Mk IV, Enfield No 2 Mk I, and Smith & Wesson Victory revolvers in 1969,[1] after which the Browning Hi-Power became the Army's official service pistol.

Modern issue[edit]

A rear echelon US Marine with an issued M9 Beretta.

Special operations soldiers often carry a handgun as a secondary weapon to serve in a supplementary capacity to their primary weapon (a rifle, carbine, submachine gun, or shotgun); this practice is not as prevalent among conventional soldiers. Soldiers who do not serve in a direct combat role are often issued a pistol (such as officers, artillery crews, and other rear-echelon personnel), but conventional riflemen are not generally issued a pistol as part of their standard kit. However, drivers are often issued a handgun since while driving, their rifle will be stowed on a rack and thus difficult to make ready quickly in an emergency whereas a handgun is more easily accessible. Service pistols are issued to military police and other soldiers acting in a law enforcement capacity as part of their duties.

The tradition of issuing pistols to officers as a primary weapon is being phased out by many nations. The United States Marine Corps, for example, recently began requiring all enlisted personnel and all officers below the rank of Lieutenant Colonel to carry the M4 Carbine as their primary weapon. British officers on combat duty are also normally issued with the standard rifle but are not required to carry it with them at all times, for example while operating as support staff the rifle would be stored in the base armory though this is the same for most support staff.

Issue by nation[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years Service Branch
Smith & Wesson SW9VE[2][3][4] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum May and June 2005–Present (Afghan National Army)[2]
December 2005–Present (Afghan Border Police)[3]
May 2006–Present (Afghan National Army)[4]
Afghan National Army[2]
Afghan Border Police[3]
Afghan National Police[4]

Albania[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
Tokarev TT[5] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev

Algeria[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
MAC Mle 1950[6] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum
Tokagypt[6] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Angola[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
Tokarev TT[7] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Makarov PM[7] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov
Stechkin APS[7] Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov

Argentina[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Steyr Mannlicher M1901[citation needed] Semi-automatic and Fully 7.65mm Mannlicher 1905–1916[citation needed]
M1916/M1927[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1916–1980[citation needed]
Ballester–Molina[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1938–1985[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[8][9][10][11] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1960–1998[citation needed]
Bersa Thunder 9[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1998–Present[citation needed]

Australia[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[12] (designated "Self-Loading Pistol 9 Millimetre Mark 3")[13] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??[citation needed]–Present

Austria[edit]

Glock 17.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
M1870/M1870-74/M1882 Gasser[citation needed] Revolver 11.25×36R, 11.2×29.5 mm (Montenegrin) 1870–1898[citation needed]
Gasser-Kropatschek M1876[citation needed] Revolver 9×26R 1876–1898[citation needed]
M1878 Gasser[citation needed] Revolver 9×26R 1878–1898[citation needed]
Rast & Gasser M1898[citation needed] Revolver 8mm Gasser 1898–1945[citation needed]
Roth–Steyr M1907[citation needed] Semi-automatic 8mm Roth–Steyr 1907–1945[citation needed]
Steyr M1912[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9mm Steyr, 9×19mm Parabellum 1912–1945[citation needed]
Dienstpistole 11,43mm (M1911 pistol)[citation needed] Semi-automatic 11,43mm Dienstpistole (.45 ACP) 1950–????[citation needed]
Walther P38[14] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1938–1995[citation needed]
Walther P1[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1957–1995[citation needed]
Glock 17,[14] designated Pistole 80 (P80) Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980–Present[citation needed]

Bahrain[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[15] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Bangladesh[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[16] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1970–Present[citation needed]
Type 54 pistol Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1970–Present[17]
Bangladesh Ordnance Factories Type 92 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–Present[18]

Barbados[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[19] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum
Smith & Wesson revolver[19] Revolver .38 S&W

Belgium[edit]

Browning Hi-Power.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Revolver de Cavalerie Mle. 1871[citation needed] Revolver 11mm 1871–????[citation needed]
Revolver d'Officer Mle. 1878[citation needed] Revolver 9.4×22mm Mle. 1877 et 1878 1878–????[citation needed]
Revolver Mle. 1886[citation needed] Revolver 7.5mm Cartouche a Balle Mle 1886 1886–????[citation needed]
FN Model 1903[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9mm Browning Long 1903–????[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[20] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present[citation needed]
FN Five-seveN[citation needed] Semi-automatic 5.7×28mm 2000–Present[citation needed]

Belize[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[21] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Bermuda[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1965–????[citation needed]
Beretta 92[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ????–Present[citation needed]

Brazil[edit]

Taurus PT92.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistola Parabellum[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1906–1937[citation needed]
M1911[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1937–1984[citation needed]
S&W M1917[citation needed] Double-action revolver .45 ACP 1937–1984[citation needed]
IMBEL M911A1[22] Semi-automatic .45 ACP  ????–????[citation needed]
IMBEL M973[22] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ????–????[citation needed]
Beretta 92[22] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ????–????[citation needed]
Taurus PT92[22] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1984–Present[citation needed]
Taurus PT940[22] Semi-automatic .40 S&W  ????–????[citation needed]
Taurus PT945[22] Semi-automatic .45 ACP  ????–????[citation needed]

Cambodia[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Tokarev TT[23] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1950s–Present[citation needed]
Type 54[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1967–Present[citation needed]
Makarov PM[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1967–Present[citation needed]
M1911[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1950s–1975[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[23] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1967–Present[citation needed]
QSZ-92[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2005–Present[citation needed]

Canada[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Colt Model 1878[citation needed] Revolver .45 Colt 1885–1902[citation needed]
Colt New Service[citation needed] Revolver .45 Colt 1900–1928[citation needed]
Colt Model 1911[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1914–1945[citation needed]
Smith & Wesson 2nd Model "Hand Ejector"[citation needed] Revolver .455 Webley 1915–1951[citation needed]
Enfield No. 2 Mk I[citation needed] Revolver .38/200 1937–1964[citation needed]
Smith & Wesson "Military & Police"[citation needed] Revolver .38/200 1939–1964[citation needed]
Inglis Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1944–Present[citation needed]
SIG Sauer P225[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1991–Present[citation needed]

Chile[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Steyr M1912[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×23mm Steyr 1912–1948[citation needed]
Walther P38[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1938–1980s[citation needed]
FAMAE FN-750[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980s–Present[citation needed]

Croatia[edit]

HS2000.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Zastava M57[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1957–92[citation needed]
HS2000[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1999–Present[citation needed]
Springfield XDM[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2006–Present[citation needed]

People's Republic of China[edit]

Type 92.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Mauser C96 "Broomhandle"[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser
.45 ACP
1927–1953[citation needed]
TT pistol Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1930s–1951
Type 51/54 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1951–Present[citation needed]
Type 77 Semi-automatic 7.62×17mm Type 64 1981–Present[citation needed]
QSZ92-9 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1996–Present[citation needed]
QSZ92-5.8 Semi-automatic 5.8×21mm DAP92 1996–Present[citation needed]
QSW-06 Semi-automatic 5.8×21mm DCV05 2006–Present[citation needed]
QX-04 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Luger
.45 ACP
7.62×25mm Tokarev
.40 S&W
2010–Present[citation needed]
QSZ-11[24] Semi-automatic 5.8×21mm DCV05 2013–Present
P12/P19[25] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Luger 2016–Present

Republic of China (Taiwan)[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Mauser C96[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser
.45 ACP
1911–1950s[citation needed]
Luger P08[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1911–1950s[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1941–Present[citation needed]
M1911 pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1941–Present[citation needed]
T75 Pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1986–Present[citation needed]

Czech Republic[edit]

CZ 75.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Vz. 24 Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1924–1952[citation needed]
Vz. 52 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1952–1982[citation needed]
Vz. 82 Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1983–1993[citation needed]
CZ 75 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1989–Present[citation needed]

Denmark[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Omdrejningspistol M1861[citation needed] Pinfire revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1861–1881[citation needed]
Omdrejningspistol M1865[citation needed] Pinfire revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1865–1940[citation needed]
Omdrejningspistol M1880[citation needed] Double-action revolver 9mm Danish Army 1880–1945[citation needed]
Pistol M1910[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1910–1945[citation needed]
Pistol P.08[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1945–1975[citation needed]
Pistol M/46[8] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1946-2000[citation needed]
Pistol M/49 Neuhausen[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1949–Present[citation needed]
Glock 20[citation needed] Semi-automatic 10mm Auto 200?–Present (Used by Siriuspatruljen)[citation needed]

Egypt[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Helwan Brigadier[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1955–Present[citation needed]
Maadi 920[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum ~1990–Present[citation needed]

Estonia[edit]

Heckler & Koch USP.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–1940[citation needed]
Makarov pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1991–Present[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch USP[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2007–Present[citation needed]

Finland[edit]

Browning BDA.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
7.65 PIST 19[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1919–1971[citation needed]
7.65 PIST 23[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.65mm Parabellum 1922–1980s[citation needed]
9.00 PIST 35[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–1980s[citation needed]
9.00 PIST FN[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–1980s[citation needed]
9.00 PIST 80-91[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980–Present[citation needed]
9.00 PIST 2003[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]
9.00 PIST 2008[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–Present[citation needed]

France[edit]

PAMAS G1.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Lefaucheux M1858[citation needed] Revolver 12mm pinfire cartridge 1858–1873?[citation needed]
Chamelot Delvigne French 1873[citation needed] Revolver 11mm 1873–1892[citation needed]
Lebel M1892[citation needed] Revolver 8mm Lebel 1892–1945[citation needed]
MAB D[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1923–1984[citation needed]
Modele 1935[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.65×20mm Longue 1935–1950[citation needed]
MAC 50[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1950–1988[citation needed]
Manurhin MR 73[citation needed] Revolver .357 Magnum 1973–Present[citation needed]
PAMAS G1s[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1984–Present[citation needed]
Glock 17[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1992–Present[citation needed]
SIG Sauer SP-2022[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]

Germany[edit]

Heckler & Koch P8.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
M1879 Reichsrevolver[citation needed] Revolver 10,6 dt. Ordonnanz (10,6×25) 1879–1918[citation needed]
Luger P08[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1904–1945[citation needed]
Mauser C96 "Broomhandle"[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser
9×19mm Parabellum
1914–1945[citation needed]
Mauser 1914/1934[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1914–1945[citation needed]
Walther PP/PPK[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP, .380 ACP, 9×19mm Parabellum 1929–1970s[citation needed]
Walther P38[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1938–1960s[citation needed]
Mauser HSc[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1939–1945[citation needed]
Walther P1[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1957–1993[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch P7[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ?–Present (Used by Military Police)[citation needed]
Makarov pistol (East Germany)[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–1991[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch P8[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1993–Present[citation needed]

Hungary[edit]

FEG PA-63.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Frommer Stop[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1919–1948[citation needed]
M48 Tokarev[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1948–1963[citation needed]
FEG PA-63[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9mm Makarov 1963–1996[citation needed]
FÉG Model P9RC[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1996–Present[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch USP[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2004–Present[citation needed]

India[edit]

Pistol Auto 9mm 1A manufactured in RFI, India.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistol Auto 9mm 1A[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1981–Present[citation needed]
Glock 17[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ?–Present[citation needed]

Iran[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
SIG P226[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1990s–Present[citation needed]

Iraq[edit]

CZ 99.
Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years Service Branch
Browning Hi-Power[26] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1947–1980s[citation needed]
Tokarev pistol[26] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev  ????–????[citation needed]
Makarov pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1970s-2003[citation needed]
Tariq pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1979-2003[citation needed]
Česká zbrojovka Uherský Brod CZ 75[26] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ????–????[citation needed]
M9 pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]
Glock 19[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]
Zastava Arms CZ 99[27][28] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–Present[27][28]
Smith & Wesson M&P9[29] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum October 2008–Present[29] Iraqi Military and Security Forces[29]

Israel[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Beretta M1951[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1950s–1990s[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1970s–1980s[citation needed]
Glock 17[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1996–Present[citation needed]

Italy[edit]

Beretta 92FS.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistola Rotazione Modello 1872[citation needed] Revolver 10.35mm 1872–????[citation needed]
Bodeo M1889[citation needed] Revolver 10.35mm 1889–1945[citation needed]
Glisenti M1910[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9mm Glisenti 1910–1935[citation needed]
Beretta M1923[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9mm Glisenti 1923–1945[citation needed]
Beretta M1934[citation needed] Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1935–1981[citation needed]
Beretta 92FS[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1981–Present[citation needed]
Beretta 90two Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2011–Present (limited)[30]

Japan[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Meiji Type 26[citation needed] Revolver 9mm Meiji 1893–1945[citation needed]
Nambu Type 14[citation needed] Semi-automatic 8mm Nambu 1915–1945[citation needed]
Nambu Type 94[citation needed] Semi-automatic 8mm Nambu 1934–1945[citation needed]
M1911A1[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1945–1989[citation needed]
Minebea P9[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1985–Present[citation needed]

Jordan[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Helwan Brigadier[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–????[citation needed]
Beretta 92[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–Present[citation needed]
Viper Jaws pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2005–Present[citation needed]

Kenya[edit]

Firearm Type Cartridge
Browning Hi-Power[31] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum

Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Type 68[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1960s–Present[citation needed]

Republic of Korea (South Korea)[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
M1911A1[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1945–1989[citation needed]
Daewoo Precision Industries K5[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1989–Present[citation needed]

Kuwait[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[32] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–????[citation needed]

Lebanon[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning 1911[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1940–Present[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[33] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–Present[citation needed]
Walther P38[33] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–????[citation needed]
Colt Commander[33] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1940–Present[citation needed]
Helwan Brigadier[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1950–Present[citation needed]
Beretta 92[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980–Present[citation needed]

Libya[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Tokarev TT[34] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 19??–????[citation needed]
Beretta M1951[34] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–????[citation needed]
Makarov PM[34] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 19??–????[citation needed]
Stechkin APS[34] Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov 19??–????[citation needed]

Myanmar[edit]

SIG Sauer P226.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1969–Present[citation needed]
SIG Sauer P226[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]

Netherlands[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Beaumont–Adams NM.73[citation needed] Revolver .450 Adams 1873–1940[citation needed]
Browning M25 no.1[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1925–1946[citation needed]
Browning M25 no.2[citation needed] Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1933–1946[citation needed]
Browning M46[8] Semi.automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1946–1994[citation needed]
Glock 17[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1994–Present[citation needed]

Norway[edit]

Kongsberg Colt.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Lefaucheux M1864[citation needed] Revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1864–1931[citation needed]
Nagant M1883[citation needed] Revolver 9mm Nagant 1883–1931[citation needed]
Selvspenner M/1893[citation needed] Revolver 7.5mm Swedish Nagant 1893–1940[citation needed]
Kongsberg M1914[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1914–1993[citation needed]
Luger P08[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1945–1987[citation needed]
Walther P38[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1945–1987[citation needed]
Glock P80[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1985–Present[citation needed]

Panama[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present[citation needed]

Peru[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present[citation needed]

Poland[edit]

WIST-94.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Pistolet Vis wz. 35 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–1947[citation needed]
Pw wz. 33 Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1947–1964[citation needed]
P-64 Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1964–1983[citation needed]
P-83 Wanad Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1983–2000[citation needed]
WIST-94 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1999–Present[citation needed]

Portugal[edit]

SIG Sauer P228.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Beaumont–Adams[citation needed] Revolver  ?? (later converted for .450 Adams) 1863–??[citation needed]
Galand-Sommerville Revolver[citation needed] Revolver 9mm and 12mm 1872–??[citation needed]
Abadie m/1878[citation needed] Revolver 9.1×17mmR 1878–1908[citation needed]
Abadie m/1886[citation needed] Revolver 9.1×17mmR 1886–1908[citation needed]
Pistola m/1908[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1908–1961[citation needed]
Pistola m/1915[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1915–??[citation needed]
FN P35[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present[citation needed]
Pistola m/943[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1941–1961[citation needed]
Walther P38[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1961–Present[citation needed]
SIG P228[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 199?–Present[citation needed]
HK USP[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 200?–Present[citation needed]
Glock 19[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2009–Present[citation needed]

Russia / Soviet Union[edit]

MP-443 Grach.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Smith & Wesson Model 3[citation needed] Revolver .44 Russian 1873–1895[citation needed]
Nagant M1895 Revolver 7.62×38mmR 1895–1950[citation needed]
Mauser C96[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser 1917–19??[citation needed]
TT pistol Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1933–1952[citation needed]
Makarov pistol Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present[citation needed]
Stechkin automatic pistol[citation needed] Selective-fire 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present[citation needed]
Izhmekh MP-443 Grach Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]

Serbia[edit]

Zastava CZ 99.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Nagant M1891[citation needed] Revolver 7.5mm Ordnance 1891–1945[citation needed]
Mauser C96[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser 1903–1945[citation needed]
Luger P08[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1910–1945[citation needed]
Ruby pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1916–1945[citation needed]
Browning M1910/22[citation needed] Semi-automatic .380 ACP 1922–1945[citation needed]
Zastava CZ 99[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1991–Present[citation needed]

South Africa[edit]

Vektor SP1.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??[citation needed]
Star Model BM[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 19??–1988[citation needed]
Vektor Z88[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present[citation needed]
Vektor SP1/SP2[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1992–Present[citation needed]
Beretta PX4[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2010–Present[citation needed]

Spain[edit]

Llama M82.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Lefaucheux M1858[citation needed] Double-Action Revolver 12mm 1858–??[citation needed]
Smith & Wesson Model 3[citation needed] Revolver .44 Russian 1874–??[citation needed]
Merwin Hulbert Model 1888[citation needed] Revolver 11mm 1888–??[citation needed]
Bergmann 1903[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1905–1914[citation needed]
Campogiro 1913/1916[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1916–1921[citation needed]
Astra 400 Model 1921[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1921–1946[citation needed]
Star Super A[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×23mm Largo 1946–1986[citation needed]
Star B Super[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1970–1986[citation needed]
Llama M82[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1984–Present[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch USP[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2004–Present[citation needed]

Sweden[edit]

Pistole 88B.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Revolver m/1863[citation needed] Revolver 11mm Lefaucheux 1863–1880[citation needed]
Revolver m/1871[citation needed] Revolver 11×17mm Centerfire 1871–1887[citation needed]
Revolver m/1863-79[citation needed] Revolver 11×17mm Centerfire 1879–1887[citation needed]
Revolver m/1887[citation needed] Revolver 7.5mm Swedish Nagant 1887–1945[citation needed]
Pistol m/07[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9mm Browning Long 1916–1988[citation needed]
Pistol m/39[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1939–19??[citation needed]
Pistol m/40[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1940–1993[citation needed]
Pistol 88 (Glock 17)[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present[citation needed]
Pistol 88B (Glock 19)[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present[citation needed]

Switzerland[edit]

SIG P220.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Ordonnanzrevolver 1872[citation needed] Revolver 10.4mm Swiss rimfire 1872–1878[citation needed]
Ordonnanzrevolver 1878[citation needed] Revolver 10.4mm Swiss centrefire 1878–1882[citation needed]
Schmidt M1882[citation needed] Revolver 7.5mm Swiss 1882–1946[citation needed]
Luger pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1900–1949[citation needed]
SIG P210[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1949–1975[citation needed]
Walther PPK[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1965–19??[citation needed]
SIG P220[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1975–Present[citation needed]
SIG Pistole 03[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2003–Present[citation needed]

Thailand[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
FN M1900[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1901–1945[citation needed]
Nambu Type A[citation needed] Semi-automatic 8×22mm Nambu 1920s–?[citation needed]
M1911 pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1943–Present[citation needed]
HK USP[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 2003–Present[citation needed]

Turkey[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Mauser C96[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.63×25mm Mauser 1896–1945[citation needed]
Luger P08[citation needed] Semi-automatic 7.65×21mm Parabellum 1898–1945[citation needed]
FN Model 1903[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1912–1955[citation needed]
vz. 50[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1955-2000[citation needed]
MKEK Kırıkkale[citation needed] Semi-automatic .380 ACP, .32 ACP 1945–2000[citation needed]
Beretta 70[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1958-2000[citation needed]
Llama X-A[citation needed] Semi-automatic .32 ACP 1950-2000[citation needed]
M1911[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1953-2000[citation needed]
Beretta Cheetah[citation needed] Semi-automatic .380 ACP, .32 ACP 1976-2000[citation needed]
CZ 75[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1976–Present[citation needed]
Beretta 92[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1980s–Present[citation needed]
Sarsılmaz Kılınç 2000[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–Present[citation needed]
Girsan Yavuz 16 Compact[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–Present[citation needed]
Tisaş Zigana T, Zigana F[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–Present[citation needed]
Sarsılmaz ST-9[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2015–Present[citation needed]

Tuvalu[edit]

Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1935–Present[citation needed]

Ukraine[edit]

Fort-12.
Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years
Makarov pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present[citation needed]
Fort-12[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1999–Present[citation needed]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Caracal F.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Browning Hi-Power[35] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1971–2007[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch P7M13[35] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum  ????–????[citation needed]
Caracal F[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2007–Present[citation needed]

United Kingdom[edit]

Enfield No.2 Mk I*.
Firearm Type Calibre Service Years
Beaumont–Adams[citation needed] Revolver .450 Adams 1853–1880[citation needed]
Enfield Mk I & Mk II[citation needed] Revolver .476 Enfield 1880–1887[citation needed]
Webley Mk I-VI[citation needed] Revolver .455 Webley 1887–1947[citation needed]
S&W .44 Hand Ejector[citation needed] Revolver .455 Webley 1914–1918[citation needed]
Colt Government Model[citation needed] Semi-automatic .455 Webley 1914–1918[citation needed]
Enfield No 2 Mk I[citation needed] Revolver .38/200 1932–1963[citation needed]
Webley Mk IV[citation needed] Revolver .38/200 1932–1963[citation needed]
Smith & Wesson M&P or Victory Model[citation needed] Revolver .38/200 1940–1963[citation needed]
Colt M1911A1[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1942–1945[citation needed]
Inglis Hi-Power[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1944–1980s[citation needed]
Browning Hi-Power[36] (designated L9A1)[37] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1967[38] – 2014[citation needed]
SIG Sauer P226[36] (designated L105A1 / L105A2)[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1995–Present[citation needed]
Glock 17 Generation 4[37] (designated L131A1)[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2013–Present[39]

United States[edit]

Colt Single Action Army, serial No 5773 7th Cavalry issued.
Colt M1911A1 (left) and Beretta M9 (right) service pistols.
SIG Sauer P229.
Heckler & Koch Mark 23.
Firearm Type Caliber Service Years Service Branch
Harpers Ferry Model 1805[citation needed] Flintlock .54 1805–?[citation needed]
Model 1816 Flintlock Pistol[citation needed] Flintlock .54 1816–?[citation needed]
Model 1836 Flintlock Pistol[citation needed] Flintlock .54 1836–1842[citation needed]
Model 1842 Percussion Pistol[citation needed] Percussion Cap .54 1842–1865[citation needed]
Colt M1847 Walker[citation needed] Cap and ball revolver, single-action .44 1847–1848[citation needed]
Colt M1848 Dragoon[citation needed] Cap and ball revolver, single-action .44 1848–1860[citation needed]
Colt M1851 Navy[citation needed] Cap and ball revolver, single-action .36 1851–1873[citation needed]
Colt Army Model 1860[citation needed] Cap and ball revolver, single-action .44 1860–1873[citation needed]
Remington Model 1858[citation needed] Cap and ball revolver, single-action .36, .44 1862–1875[citation needed]
Smith & Wesson Model No. 3[citation needed] Single-action cartridge revolver .45 Schofield 1870–1898[citation needed]
Colt Single Action Army[citation needed] Single-action cartridge revolver .45 Colt 1873–1892[citation needed]
Colt M1892[citation needed] Double-action revolver .38 Long Colt 1892–1909[citation needed]
M1909[citation needed] Double-action revolver .45 Colt 1898–1946[citation needed]
M1911 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1911–1924[citation needed]
M1917 Revolver .45 ACP 1917–1954[citation needed]
M1911A1 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1924–Present[citation needed]
Beretta M9 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1985[40][41][42]–Present
SIG Sauer M11 Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 1988–Present[citation needed] U.S. Navy
Heckler & Koch Mark 23 Mod 0 Semi-automatic .45 ACP 1996–Present[citation needed] United States Special Operations Command[citation needed]
SIG P229 DAK[citation needed] Semi-automatic .40 S&W 2006–Present[citation needed] United States Coast Guard[citation needed]
Heckler & Koch HK45C (designated Mark 24 Mod 0)[citation needed] Semi-automatic .45 ACP 2010–Present[citation needed] United States Naval Special Warfare Command
SIG Sauer P226 MK25[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2011–Present[citation needed] United States Navy SEALs)[citation needed]
Glock 19[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2015–Present[citation needed] United States Navy SEALs)[citation needed]
SIG Sauer M17 Modular Handgun System[43][44] Semi-automatic 9×19mm Parabellum 2017–Present[43][44]

Vietnam[edit]

Makarov pistol.
Firearm Type Cartridge Service Years
Tokarev TT[45] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Type 68 pistol[45] Semi-automatic 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Makarov pistol[citation needed] Semi-automatic 9×18mm Makarov 1951–Present[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Stamps, Mark, and Ian Skennerton, .380 Enfield Revolver No. 2, page 118
  2. ^ a b c "Smith & Wesson Receives Military Contract: S&W Receives Pistol Order From US Army for Afghanistan National Army". Smith & Wesson. April 18, 2005. 
  3. ^ a b c "Smith & Wesson Holding Corporation Receives Military Pistol Order: Company Secures $3.4 Million Order From U.S. Army for Afghanistan Border Patrol". Smith & Wesson. September 21, 2005. 
  4. ^ a b c "Smith & Wesson Receives Fourth Military Contract: Smith & Wesson Receives $15 Million Order for SW9VE Pistols from US Army for Afghanistan National Police". Smith & Wesson. February 16, 2006. 
  5. ^ "National Inventories, Albania". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  6. ^ a b "National Inventories, Algeria". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  7. ^ a b c "National Inventories, Angola". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  8. ^ a b c Arnold, David W. (2010-09-24). "Classic Handguns of the 20th Century: The Browning HI-Power". Handguns Magazine. Other countries also adopted the pistol for their military forces, including Argentina (where it was made under license), Denmark, Holland and Rhodesia. 
  9. ^ Valpolini, Paolo (June 2009). "There are Two Types of Men in this World..." (PDF). Armada International (Online). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 1, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  10. ^ "National Inventories, Argentina". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  11. ^ Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  12. ^ "National Inventories, Australia". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  13. ^ "Self-Loading Pistol 9 millimetre Mark 3". Australian Army. 
  14. ^ a b "National Inventories, Austria". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  15. ^ "National Inventories, Bahrain". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  16. ^ "National Inventories, Bangladesh". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  17. ^ Type 54 pistol on Bangladesh Military Forces website. Retrieved on April 16, 2010.
  18. ^ Type 92 pistol on Bangladesh Military Forces website. Retrieved on April 16, 2010.
  19. ^ a b "National Inventories, Barbados". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  20. ^ "National Inventories, Belgium". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  21. ^ "National Inventories, Belize". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f "National Inventories, Brazil". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  23. ^ a b "National Inventories, Cambodia". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  24. ^ http://modernfirearms.net/handguns/hg/ch/t11-e.html
  25. ^ http://www.360doc.com/content/16/0519/13/6932394_560420390.shtml
  26. ^ a b c "National Inventories, Iraq". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  27. ^ a b "Serbs plan weapons shipment to Iraq". United Press International. June 3, 2008. 
  28. ^ a b "First Serbian Weapons Head to Iraq". Balkan Investigative Reporting Network. June 3, 2008. 
  29. ^ a b c "Smith & Wesson Fills M&P9 Pistol Order for Iraqi Military and Security Forces". Smith & Wesson. October 30, 2008. 
  30. ^ Italian Air Force official website. First batch of Beretta 90TWO pistols delivered to the "16° Stormo Protezione delle Forze" air riflemen platoon on 05/12/2011. Retrieved on December 9, 2011.
  31. ^ "National Inventories, Kenya". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  32. ^ "National Inventories, Kuwait". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  33. ^ a b c "National Inventories, Lebanon". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  34. ^ a b c d "National Inventories, Libya". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  35. ^ a b "National Inventories, United Arab Emirates". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  36. ^ a b "National Inventories, United Kingdom". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 
  37. ^ a b "New pistols for UK Armed Forces". Government of the United Kingdom and the Ministry of Defence. 11 January 2013. The Glock 17 Gen4 pistol is not only much lighter than the Browning L9A1, it is also more accurate and its magazines can carry more bullets. 
  38. ^ Wyatt, Caroline (11 January 2013). "Glock 17 9mm pistols replace Browning for UK forces". BBC. It will replace the Browning 9mm pistol which has been in service since 1967. 
  39. ^ "New pistols for UK Armed Forces". Government of the United Kingdom and the Ministry of Defence. 11 January 2013. Personnel across all 3 Services will begin to receive the new 9-millimetre (mm) calibre Glock 17s in the coming weeks and troops deployed to Afghanistan will be among the first to use the new weapon. 
  40. ^ "AROUND THE NATION; Italian 9-mm. Chosen To Replace Army's .45". The New York Times. January 15, 1985. 
  41. ^ Biddle, Wayne (January 20, 1985). "COLT .45 GOES TO THE TROPHY ROOM". The New York Times. 
  42. ^ "Army Signs Pact For Beretta Guns". The New York Times. April 11, 1985. 
  43. ^ a b "Contracts Press Operations Release No: CR-012-17 Jan. 19, 2017". defense.gov. United States Department of Defense. January 19, 2017. 
  44. ^ a b "SIG SAUER, Inc. Awarded the U.S. Army Contract for its New Modular Handgun System (MHS)". SIG Sauer. January 20, 2017. 
  45. ^ a b "National Inventories, Vietnam". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001–2002. Jane's Information Group. 2001. 

References[edit]

  • Howdah To High Power (2002) Maze, Robert J, Excalibur Publications, Tucson AZ (USA) ISBN 1-880677-17-2
  • Small Arms Identification Series No. 9: .455 Pistol, Revolver No 1 Mk VI (1997) Skennerton, Ian, Arms & Militaria Press, Gold Coast QLD (Australia), ISBN 0-949749-30-3
  • .380 Enfield Revolver No 2 (1993) Stamps, Mark and Skennerton, Ian, Greenhill Books, London (UK) ISBN 1-85367-139-8
  • 1942 Basic Manual of Military Small Arms (Facsimile Edition), Smith, W.H.B, Stackpole Books, Harrisburg PA (USA), ISBN 0-8117-1699-6