It is a fast-growing tree. The leaves are regular and rounded and the flowers white, red or pink. The fruits look like flat, long, thin green beans. The tree thrives under full exposure to sunshine and is extremely frost sensitive.
It is a small soft wooded tree up to 3–8 m (10–26 ft) tall. Leaves are 15–30 cm (6–12 in) long, with leaflets in 10–20 pairs or more and an odd one. Flowers are oblong, 1.5–10 cm (1–4 in) long in lax, with two to four flower racemes. The calyx is campanulate and shallowly two-lipped. Pods are slender, falcate or straight, and 30–45 cm (12–18 in) long, with a thick suture and approximately 30 seeds 8 mm (0.3 in) in size.
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||113 kJ (27 kcal)|
|†Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. |
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Origin and distribution
It is indigenous from South East Asia (Malaysia , Philippines, Brunei) to Northern Australia, and is cultivated in many parts of India and Sri Lanka. It has many traditional uses. It grows where there is good soil and a hot, humid climate.
The leaf extract may inhibit the formation of advanced glycation end-products. The leaf extract contains linolenic acid and aspartic acid, which were found to be the major compounds responsible for the anti-glycation potential of the leaf extract.
The flowers of S. grandiflora are eaten as a vegetable in South Asia and Southeast Asia, including Laos, Thailand, Java and Lombok in Indonesia, Vietnam, Maldives (locally known as Feeru Muran'ga, ފީރު މުރަނގަ), Sri Lanka, and the Ilocos Region of the Philippines.
In Khmer language, the flowers are called ផ្កាអង្គាដី (angkea dei) and young leaves and flowers are used in the cuisine both cooked in curries, such as Samlor mchou angkea dei and salad sauce bok amproek or toek kroeung.
The young pods are also eaten. In Sri Lanka, agati leaves, known as Katuru murunga in Sinhala language, are sometimes added to sudhu hodhi or white curry, a widely eaten, thin coconut gravy. In India, this plant is known as agati (Tamil), agastya (Kannada), అవిసె (Telugu), and both the leaves and the flowers have culinary uses. It is known as Bok phool in West Bengal, India and is eaten after being fried with gram paste.
- Sesbania bispinosa
- Dolichandrone spathacea, known as Dok khae thale in Thai
- Markhamia stipulata, known as Dok khae hua mu in Thai
- Edible flowers
- List of Thai ingredients
- Prajapti, Purohit, Sharma, Kumar, A Handbook of medicinal plants, Agro Bios (India), Edition Ist 2003, Page.473
- "Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers. — The Plant List". www.theplantlist.org. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- Joshi S. G., Medicinal Plants, Medicinal plants, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. bks)
- "Sesbania grandiflora". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- Kirtikar K. R. & B. D. Basu, Indian Medicinal Plants Vol-I, International Book Distributor & Publisher, Dehradun, Edition 2005, bks pp. 735–736
- Prasanna, G.; Saraswathi, N. T. (2013). "The therapeutic role of Sesbania grandiflora as an inhibitor of Advanced Glycation Endproduct (AGE) formation and the discovery of lead compounds for managing hyperglycaemia". Planta Medica. 79 (13): PN84. doi:10.1055/s-0033-1352426.
- Prasanna, Govindarajan (2016). "Linolenic acid prevents early and advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) modification of albumin". International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 95: 121–125. doi:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.11.035. PMID 27845223.
- Prasanna, Govindarajan (2015). "Aspartic acid functions as carbonyl trapper to inhibit the formation of advanced glycation end products by chemical chaperone activity". Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. 34 (5): 943–951. doi:10.1080/07391102.2015.1060160. PMID 26325019.
- LittleBigThaiKitchen (12 March 2012). "Kaeng Khae Kai (Katurai Chilli Soup with Chicken)". Retrieved 17 June 2019 – via YouTube.
- Thailand Illustrated Magazine Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sesbania grandiflora.|
- Sesbania grandiflora on Tropicalforages.info
- Sesbania grandiflora in the AgroForestry Database of the World Agroforestry Centre
- Sesbania grandiflora on the FAO web site
- Sesbania grandiflora on the web site of the Center for New Crops & Plant Products at Purdue University.
- " Sesbania Seeds Exporter Kohenoor International Pakistan"