Sessay

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Sessay
Sessay, North Yorkshire.jpg
Sessay, North Yorkshire
Sessay is located in North Yorkshire
Sessay
Sessay
Sessay shown within North Yorkshire
Population 320 [1]
OS grid reference SE455756
Civil parish
  • Sessay
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO7
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°10′27″N 1°18′18″W / 54.174061°N 1.30487°W / 54.174061; -1.30487Coordinates: 54°10′27″N 1°18′18″W / 54.174061°N 1.30487°W / 54.174061; -1.30487

Sessay is a small, linear village and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 4 miles (6 km) south-east from Thirsk, and 2 miles (3 km) west from the A19 road close to the East Coast Main Line.

The civil parish also includes the village of Little Sessay, where the parish church and school are located. In 2013 the population of the civil parish was estimated at 320.[1] The 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 311 of which 266 were over sixteen years old. There were 130 dwellings of which 90 were detached.[2]

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as "Sezai" in the wapentake of Gerlestre (from the mid-12th century known as Birdforth).[3] It later became a detached part of the wapentake of Allertonshire.[4] At the time of the Norman invasion, the manor was the possession of the Bishop of Durham and St Cuthbert's Church, Durham.[5] The manor became a Mesne lordship and was held after the Norman invasion first by the Percy family and then by the Darrell family from the end of the 12th century to the late 15th century. When the family line of succession ended, it passed by marriage to the Dawnay family in 1525. One descendant, John Dawnay was made Viscount Downe in 1680. The family still hold the manor.[6][7]

A railway station was opened at Sessay by the Great North of England Railway in 1841.[8] It closed in 1958.[6][7]

The topynomy is a combination of the Old English word secg meaning sedge and the Anglian word ēg meaning island or dry ground surrounded by marsh. Therefore, it is literally Sedge island.[9]

According to legend, Sessay was once the home of a giant which was slain by a knight named Sir Guy Dawnay.[10]

Governance[edit]

The village is within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It lies within the Topcliffe ward of Hambleton District Council and Sowerby electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council.[11]

Geography[edit]

The village lies immediately to the east of the East Coast Main Line. The nearest settlements are Hutton Sessay 1.1 miles (1.8 km) to the north-east and Dalton 1.7 miles (2.7 km) to the north-west. Birdforth Beck runs to the south of the village on its way to join the nearby River Swale.[11]

The Ordnance Survey have suggested that a field near Sessay may be the geographical centre of Yorkshire, although there are other claimants to this title.[12]

Amenities[edit]

The school at Little Sessay, Sessay CE Primary, is within the catchment area of Thirsk School for secondary education.[13] The school was built in 1848 by William Butterfield for Viscount Downe. It has undergone three enlargements and is a Grade II listed building.[14][15]

There is a Bowls Club and a Cricket Club in the village.[16] The Cricket Club was founded in 1850 and competes in the York Senior League. In September 2010 the club won the National Village Cup at Lord's, repeating its success in September 2016.[17]

Religion[edit]

Church and School, Sessay

The parish church is dedicated to St Cuthbert and is a Grade II* listed building, rebuilt by architect William Butterfield in 1847-48 for William Dawnay, 7th Viscount Downe on the site of the original.[6][7][18]

In the church there are three funeral brasses in the chancel to members of the Kitchingman family, and one to Mrs. Smelt. Another is that of Master Thomas Magnus on which he is depicted in his priestly robes. At the time of the Dissolution of religious houses he was master of St Leonard's Hospital, York, and was subsequently appointed to the rectory of Sessay, where he died, in 1550, and was buried in the chancel."[7][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population Estimates". North Yorkshire County Council. 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2016.  In the 2011 census the population of Sessay also included Hutton Sessay and Eldmire with Crakehill parishes and was not counted separately.
  2. ^ "2001 UK Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  3. ^ William Page (editor) (1923). "The wapentake of Birdforth". Victoria County History. A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  4. ^ William Page (editor) (1914). "The wapentake of Allerton or Allertonshire". Victoria County History. A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Sessay in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  6. ^ a b c William Page (editor) (1914). "Parishes: Sessay". Victoria County History. A History of the County of York North Riding: Volume 1. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 780, 781. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  8. ^ Disused railway stations: Otterington
  9. ^ "Topynomy". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "BBC - Domesday Reloaded: THE GIANT OF SESSAY .1.". BBC. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  12. ^ Wainwright, Martin (14 May 2002). "Yorkshire aims at youth with its cannibalistic anthem". The Guardian: The Northerner Blog. Retrieved 15 May 2012.  (Article covers "On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at" story and also "centre of Yorkshire")
  13. ^ "School". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "School listing". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  15. ^ "School info". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  16. ^ "Bowls Club". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  17. ^ "Cricket Club". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  18. ^ "Church Listing". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  19. ^ Robert Thoroton, "A History of Nottinghamshire, volume 1, page 403

External links[edit]