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The Sestigers (Sixtiers), also known as the Beweging van Sestig[1][2] (the movement of sixty), were a group of influential resistant Afrikaans-language writers in the 1960s started by André Brink and Breyten Breytenbach, which also included Reza de Wet, Etienne Leroux, Jan Rabie, Ingrid Jonker, Adam Small, Bartho Smit, Chris Barnard, Hennie Aucamp, Dolf van Niekerk, Abraham H. de Vries and Elsa Joubert.[3] These writers studied abroad (mainly in Paris) and under the widespread influence of Existentialism attempted to face the innocent writing of the dominant literature. Thus they aimed at a revolutionary literature (prose mainly) by breaking with the past, and introducing the European innovations, to tackle with the political, social and sexual problems of the society and eventually led to a phenomenal growth in the Afrikaans art in later decades. Judy H. Gardner calls the Sestigers' literature as "literature in exile in its own country".[4] The Sestigers wished to elevate Afrikaans and confront the Apartheid state.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Chris Barnard (1939– )". 2008-10-14. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
  2. ^ Heilna du Plooy (2003-04-01). Spore in die sand - 'n herbeskouing van die oeuvre van C.M. van den Heever. (Research Articles). English abstract, Dutch text, Critical Essay. Literator: Journal of Literary Criticism, comparative linguistics and literary studies. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
  3. ^ "Own a piece of history". ABSA/LitNet Living Legends series. 2004-11-24. Retrieved 2010-03-30.
  4. ^ Gardner, Judy H. (1992-04-01). Impaired Vision: Portraits of Black Women in the Afrikaans Novel. Paul & Co Pub Consortium. ISBN 9789053830697.