Setaria pumila

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Setaria pumila
Setaria pumila0.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Setaria
Species: S. pumila
Binomial name
Setaria pumila
  • Oplismenus helvolus (L.f.) P.Beauv.
  • Panicum flavescens Moench nom. illeg.
  • Panicum helvolum L.f.
  • Panicum holcoides J.Jacq. nom. illeg.
  • Panicum luteum Gueldenst. nom. inval.
  • Panicum pallidifuscum Schumach.
  • Panicum pumilum Poir.
  • Panicum rubiginosum Steud.
  • Pennisetum helvolum (L.f.) R.Br.
  • Setaria auricoma Link ex A.Braun
  • Setaria boninensis Nakai nom. inval.
  • Setaria breviglumis St.-Lag.
  • Setaria dasyura Schlecht.
  • Setaria erythraeae Mattei
  • Setaria helvola (L.f.) Roem. & Schult.
  • Setaria laeta de Wit
  • Setaria pallide-fusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubb.
  • Setaria pallidifusca (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb.
  • Setaria rubiginosa (Steud.) Miq.
  • Setaria sciuroidea C.Muell.
  • Setaria ustilata de Wit

Setaria pumila is a species of grass known by many common names, including yellow foxtail,[2] yellow bristle-grass,[3] pigeon grass, and cattail grass. It is native to Europe, but it is known throughout the world as a common weed. It grows in lawns, sidewalks, roadsides, cultivated fields, and many other places. This annual grass grows 20 centimeters to well over a meter in height, its mostly hairless stems ranging from green to purple-tinged in color. The leaf blades are hairless on the upper surfaces, twisting, and up to 30 centimeters long. The inflorescence is a stiff, cylindrical bundle of spikelets 2 to 15 centimeters long with short, blunt bristles. The panicle may appear yellow or yellow-tinged.

In New Zealand S. pumila can cover 20-40% of otherwise productive dairy farming pasture causing a loss in milk production.[4]



  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Setaria pumila". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  4. ^ "Weed control - Yellow bristle grass". AgResearch. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012.

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