Setaria verticillata

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Setaria verticillata
Setaria verticillata W IMG 1083.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Setaria
Species: S. verticillata
Binomial name
Setaria verticillata
(L.) P.Beauv.
Synonyms[1]
  • Alopecurus paniceus (L.) L.
  • Chaetochloa ambigua (Guss.) Scribn. & Merr.
  • Chaetochloa brevispica Scribn. & Merr.
  • Chaetochloa verticillata (L.) Scribn.
  • Chamaeraphis verticillata (L.) Porter
  • Cynosurus paniceus L.
  • Ixophorus verticillatus (L.) Nash
  • Panicum acuminatissimum Nees ex Döll nom. inval.
  • Panicum adhaerens Forssk.
  • Panicum albospiculatum Swallen
  • Panicum ambiguum (Guss.) Hausskn. nom. illeg.
  • Panicum aparine Steud.
  • Panicum apricum Swallen
  • Panicum asperum Lam.
  • Panicum bambusifolium Desv.
  • Panicum decipiens (F.W.Schultz) E.H.L.Krause nom. illeg.
  • Panicum floribundum Willd. ex Spreng. nom. inval.
  • Panicum italicum Ucria nom. illeg.
  • Panicum kleinii Swallen
  • Panicum pompale Swallen
  • Panicum respiciens (A.Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud.
  • Panicum rottleri (Spreng.) Nees nom. illeg.
  • Panicum rude Lam. ex Steud. nom. inval.
  • Panicum secundum Trin.
  • Panicum semitectum Swallen nom. illeg.
  • Panicum vagum Scop. nom. illeg.
  • Panicum verticillatum L.
  • Panicum viride Desf. nom. illeg.
  • Pennisetum respiciens A.Rich.
  • Pennisetum verticillatum (L.) R.Br.
  • Setaria adhaerens (Forssk.) Chiov.
  • Setaria ambigua (Guss.) Guss. nom. illeg.
  • Setaria aparine (Steud.) Chiov.
  • Setaria brevispica (Scribn. & Merr.) K.Schum.
  • Setaria carnei Hitchc.
  • Setaria conglomerata Fr. ex Schltdl.
  • Setaria decipiens F.W.Schultz
  • Setaria decipiens Schimp. ex Morariu nom. illeg.
  • Setaria depauperata Phil.
  • Setaria floribunda Spreng.
  • Setaria gussonei Kerguélen
  • Setaria nubica Link
  • Setaria panicea (L.) Schinz & Thell.
  • Setaria pratensis Phil.
  • Setaria pseudoverticillata Schltdl. nom. inval.
  • Setaria respiciens (A.Rich.) Walp.
  • Setaria rottleri Spreng.
  • Setaria teysmannii Miq.
  • Setaria verticilliformis Dumort.
  • Setariopsis verticillata (L.) Samp.

Setaria verticillata is a species of grass known by the common names hooked bristlegrass,[2] rough bristle-grass[3] and bristly foxtail. It is native to Europe, but it is known on most continents as an introduced species and often a noxious weed. It is a hardy bunchgrass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat. It is a weed of many types of agricultural crops, growing in vineyards and fields. Herbicide-resistant strains have been noted.[4]

This is an annual grass with decumbent or erect stems growing up to a meter long. The leaf blades are up to 25 centimeters long and have a long sheath around the stem. The inflorescence is a dense panicle up to 15 centimeters long which tapers at both ends. It contains many small spikelets and bristles. The bristles have tiny backwards-pointing barbs that help them hook onto clothing or animal fur, facilitating their dispersal.[4]

Seeds of the grass are used to make beer in South Africa and porridge in Namibia.[4] They have been used as a famine food in India.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Setaria verticillata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  4. ^ a b c ISSG Database
  5. ^ Purdue: Famine Foods

External links[edit]