Seth C. Hawkins
Seth C. Hawkins
MD, FACEP, FAEMS, MFAWM, MFAEG
|Other names||Seth Collings Hawkins|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
University of Pittsburgh
|Occupation||Physician, writer, anthropologist|
|Known for||Founder, Appalachian Center for Wilderness Medicine; Founder, Appalachian Mountain Rescue Team; Founder, Carolina Wilderness EMS Externship|
Seth Christopher Collings Hawkins (born 1971) is an American emergency physician, writer, anthropologist, and organizational innovator. He has made notable contributions to the fields of wilderness medicine, Emergency Medical Services (EMS), and medical humanities. His work has particularly specialized in EMS and wilderness medicine in the southeastern United States, where he is the founder of the Appalachian Center for Wilderness Medicine, the Appalachian Mountain Rescue Team, and the Carolina Wilderness EMS Externship.
Early life and education
Hawkins was born in the Finger Lakes Region of New York state and raised in Middletown, Connecticut. He graduated from Yale College where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology. During that time he also earned Wilderness Emergency Medical Technician certification at Stonehearth Open Learning Opportunities in Conway, New Hampshire. He subsequently worked in Vermont and Colorado as a volunteer Emergency Medical Technician, ski instructor, and rafting guide before returning to Bryn Mawr College to complete his premedical training in 1994.
Hawkins earned his Doctorate of Medicine from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine in 2000. He completed his medical training with a residency in Emergency Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh Affiliated Residency in Emergency Medicine, where he was recognized with the University of Pittsburgh Ron Stewart Excellence in Teaching Award in 2003.
While a medical student, Hawkins co-founded iris: the UNC journal of medicine, literature & visual art, a Medical Humanities journal still currently in production. Hawkins was a charter member of the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Medical Humanities Section, and established and currently serves as a judge for the annual ACEP Writers Award. He also served as Chair of this Section from 2019 to 2022. He authored the first structured analysis of emergency medicine creative writing in the journal Academic Emergency Medicine, which introduced and explored the concept of "emergency medicine narratives" and has been cited as a landmark humanities study in emergency medicine. He also edited the anthology Emergency Medicine Narratives: An Emergency Medicine Humanities Collection, Vol I published by ACEP in 2019. He currently writes the "Words Matter" column in Emergency Medicine News. His poetry and prose has been published widely in emergency medicine journals and magazines. He also continues an active practice as an anthropologist — he is a professional member of the American Anthropological Association as well as a Fellow in the Society for Applied Anthropology and Affiliate Faculty in the Department of Anthropology at Wake Forest University. He has a research and publication focus on the anthropology of pain, medical anthropology, and expeditionary anthropology.
Wilderness medicine and EMS
While a medical student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Hawkins and Jenny Graham co-founded Carolina Wilderness Medicine, one of the first wilderness medicine student interest groups in the country and one of his first actions as an organizational innovator. This student interest group is still active at UNC-Chapel Hill (www.med.unc.edu/wmig). Further organizational innovations included student-run southeastern wilderness medicine conferences—the first of their kind in the southeast—held in 1998 and 2000 in Chapel Hill and initiated by Hawkins and Graham.
In 2007, continuing as an organizational innovator, Hawkins founded the Appalachian Center for Wilderness Medicine, a regional wilderness medicine nonprofit organization. Hawkins served as the medical director for the Burke EMS Special Operations Team, the first EMS-based wilderness rescue team in North Carolina, from 2008 to 2021. This team serves the Linville Gorge Wilderness Area, the deepest gorge in the eastern United States, as well as South Mountains State Park, the largest state park in NC. In 2011, in conjunction with Drs. Michael Millin and Will Smith, he co-developed the Wilderness EMS Medical Director Course. This was the first such course to be jointly endorsed by the Wilderness Medical Society and the National Association of EMS Physicians. The Journal of EMS recognized Hawkins, along with Millin and Smith, as one of the Top 10 EMS Innovators of 2011 for the development of this course.
Hawkins helped develop a distance-accessible baccalaureate wilderness EMS program while on the faculty at Western Carolina University. In 2011, continuing as an organizational innovator, he founded the Carolina Wilderness EMS Externship, a unique wilderness medicine rotation for medical students and residents specifically focused on wilderness EMS activities. He also serves as medical director of the North Carolina State Parks system and Western Piedmont Community College. On Earth Day 2012 he established the International Institute for Sustainability in Emergency Services (iiSES), which developed from the Green EMS Initiative, a multinational non-governmental organization dedicated to improving sustainability in EMS operations and workforce. He has field tested and published recommendations regarding use of hybrid vehicles in wilderness EMS response, which has been cited as the "future for a greener EMS".
He serves as the medical director of Landmark Learning, an outdoor education and wilderness EMS school in Cullowhee, North Carolina, as well as medical advisor for North Carolina Outward Bound School, REI, and the Student Conservation Association.
In 2013 he founded the Appalachian Mountain Rescue Team, the first fully credentialed Mountain Rescue Association team in the American southeast, and has served as that team's Chief and Board Chair. He is also co-founder and co-owner of Vertical Medicine Resources, a climbing medicine company.
In 2017 he and Kentucky-based paramedic David Fifer founded and currently host the RAW (Remote, Austere, Wilderness) Medicine Podcast. He has lectured extensively on wilderness medicine topics and published widely in the EMS, emergency, and wilderness medicine literature.
He is the executive editor of the Wilderness Medical Society's Wilderness Medicine Magazine, co-author of Vertical Aid: Essential Wilderness Medicine for Climbers, Trekkers, and Mountaineers (W. W. Norton & Company, 2017), and is editor of the textbook Wilderness EMS (Wolters Kluwer, 2018).
Hawkins has been a full-time clinical emergency physician since 2003. He was chair and medical director of the Grace Hospital Emergency Department from 2010 to 2011, and currently works clinically at Catawba Valley Medical Center. He has served on the emergency medicine faculty at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine and Western Carolina University, and currently is an associate professor of emergency medicine at Wake Forest University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Emergency Medicine, the American College of Emergency Physicians, the Academy of Emergency Medical Services, and is a diplomate of the American Board of Emergency Medicine, double boarded in both emergency medicine and EMS. He has also served as a medical officer on multiple United States National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) teams, including the NC-1 Disaster Medical Assistance Team based in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the PA-1 DMAT based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the NDMS Mobile Acute Care Strike Team.
Awards and recognition
In 2008, Hawkins was named a "Hero of Emergency Medicine" by the American College of Emergency Physicians and "Yalie of the Week" by the Yale Alumni Magazine for his emergency medicine and wilderness EMS work.
In 2018 he received the Dave Carter Leadership Award from the NC Search & Rescue Advisory Council, the Innovation in Medical Education Award from the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, and the Outstanding Contribution Award from the Mountain Rescue Association. In that year Hawkins also became the first physician ever named a Master Fellow (MFAEG) of the Adventurers and Explorers Guild, a third-party certifier of an international multidisciplinary professional community of explorers, adventurers, and expeditioners. Hawkins was also named one of the Top 10 EMS Innovators of 2018 by the Journal of EMS (JEMS) for the publication of the textbook Wilderness EMS, the first multiauthor academic textbook specifically designed for healthcare professionals providing systematic health care in wilderness settings.
- Hawkins SC, ed. Emergency Medicine Narratives: An Emergency Medicine Humanities Collection. American College of Emergency Physicians, 2019.
- Hawkins SC, ed. Wilderness EMS. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer, 2018.
- Hawkins SC, Simon RB, Beissinger JP, Simon D. Vertical Aid: Essential Wilderness Medicine for Climbers, Trekkers, and Mountaineers. New York: The Countryman Press, 2017.
- Millin MG, Johnson DE, Schimelpfenig T, Conover K, Sholl M, Busko J, Alter R, Smith W, Symonds J, Taillac P, Hawkins SC. Medical Oversight, Educational Core Content, and Proposed Scopes of Practice of Wilderness EMS Providers: A Joint Approach Developed by Wilderness EMS Educators, Medical Directors, and Regulators Using a Delphi Approach. Prehospital Emergency Care 2017;28:1–9.
- Hawkins SC, Sempsrott J, Schmidt A. Drowning in a Sea of Misinformation: Dry Drowning and Secondary Drowning. Emergency Medicine News June 16, 2017. Available at https://journals.lww.com/em-news/blog/BreakingNews//pages/post.aspx?PostID=377.
- Hawkins SC. Environmental Emergencies. In Caroline’s Care in the Streets, 8e, Pollak A, Aehlert B, Elling B eds. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2017.
- Hawkins SC, Millin MG, Smith WR. Wilderness Emergency Medical Services. In Auerbach's Wilderness Medicine, 7e, Auerbach PS, ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2017.
- Sempsrott J, Schmidt A, Hawkins SC, Cushing T. Submersion Injuries and Drowning. In Auerbach's Wilderness Medicine, 7e, Auerbach PS, ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2017.
- Hawkins SC, Millin MG, Smith WR. Care in the Wilderness, in Emergency Medical Services: Clinical Practice and Systems Oversight, 2nd Edition, Vol 2: Medical Oversight of EMS, Cone DC, Brice JH, Delbridge T, Myers JB, eds. 2015: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, pp 377–391.
- Millin MG, Hawkins S, Demond T, Stiller G, McGinnis HD, Baker RJ, Smith WR. Wilderness Emergency Medical Services Medical Director Course: Core Content Developed with Delphi Technique. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 2015;26(2):256-260.
- Hawkins SC, Weil C, Baty F, Fitzpatrick D, Rowell. Retrieval of Additional Epinephrine from Auto-injectors. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 2013;24(4):434–444.
- Hawkins SC. The Relationship Between Ski Patrols and Emergency Medical Services Systems. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine 2012;23(2):106–111.
- Hawkins SC. Wilderness EMS Medical Director Course. Wilderness Medicine 2012;29(1):24.
- Hawkins SC. “Principles of Trauma” in Outdoor Emergency Care 5e, McNamara EC, ed. Boston: Brady, 2011.
- Hawkins SC. “Wilderness EMS” in Paramedic Practice Today: Above and Beyond, Aehlert B, ed. St. Louis: Mosby-JEMS Elsevier, 2009.
- Hawkins SC. The Idea of Order in the Emergency Department. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2009:54(2),298.
- Hawkins SC. The Green Machine: Development of a High-efficiency, Low-pollution EMS Response Vehicle. Journal of Emergency Medical Services 2008;33(7):108–120
- Hawkins SC, Smeeks F, Hamel J. Emergency Management of Chronic Pain and Drug-seeking Behavior: An Alternate Perspective. Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008;34(2):125–130.
- Hawkins SC, Shapiro AH, Sever AE, Delbridge TR, Mosesso VN. The Role of Law Enforcement Agencies in Out-of-hospital Emergency Care. Resuscitation 2007;72(3), 386–393.
- Hawkins SC. Emergency Medicine Narratives: A Systematic Discussion of Definition and Utility. Academic Emergency Medicine 2004;11(7):761–765.
- "Dear FOOT Leader Alums!" (PDF). Yalecollege.yale.edu. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- "Seth C Hawkins | Wake Forest University School of Medicine - Academia.edu". wfubmc.academia.edu. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
- Kautz KD (1998). "iris. UNC students launch a journal for medicine, literature and visual art". North Carolina Medical Journal. 59 (3): 194–197. PMID 9610166.
- Craft, Mary-Kathryn (January 16, 1998). "Body + Soul". The Daily Tar Heel. Chapel Hill, NC.
- "2008 Creative Writing Award". Acep.org. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- "Seth Collings Hawkins". Marquis Who's Who Top Educators. December 13, 2021. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
- Hawkins SC (2004). "Emergency Medicine Narratives: A Systematic Discussion of Definition and Utility". Academic Emergency Medicine. 11 (7): 761–765. doi:10.1197/j.aem.2004.01.003. PMID 15231467.
- Hawkins, Seth Collings (September 2013). "Words Matter: Dusting Off A Time-Honored Tool: Words : Emergency Medicine News". Emergency Medicine News. 35 (9): 7. doi:10.1097/01.EEM.0000434484.11654.7c. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
- "Dr. Seth Hawkins awarded for community dedication". Morganton News Herald. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Farlow S (2009). "Into The Wild". Our State. 76 (8): 84.
- Donelan S (2008). "Introduction to Organizing Wilderness Medicine on a Regional Scale". Wilderness and Environmental Medicine. 19 (4): 304. doi:10.1580/07-weme-wi-171.1. PMID 19099332. S2CID 32016691.
- "Rock Climbing Accident: Climber Fined For Obstructing Rescue". Rock and Ice, September 2, 2014 by Jeff Jackson
- Wilderness EMS. Wolters Kluwer. 2018.
- Bennett B (2012). "A Time Has Come for Wilderness Emergency Medical Service: A New Direction". Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 23 (1): 5–6. doi:10.1016/j.wem.2011.12.003. PMID 22441081.
- "Hawkins Named One of EMS Top 10". Morganton News Herald. Morganton, NC. March 23, 2012.
- Cynthia Kincaid. "Blazing A Trail: Wilderness EMS Team Creates EMS Medical Director Course". Journal of Emergency Medical Services EMS 10: Innovators in EMS 2011 Digital Supplement. Journal of Emergency Medical Services. Retrieved April 4, 2012.
- "Forging a Path". Innovators in EMS 2011, page 22. Supplement to the Journal of Emergency Medicine.
- "The Carolina Wilderness EMS Externship". American College of Emergency Physicians EMS-Prehospital Care Section Newsletter. September 2011.
- David Amsalem and Ryan Circh (2012). "Carolina Wilderness EMS Externship". Wilderness Medicine. 29 (1): 31.
- "Go Green in the New Year to Minimize Your environmental Impact". Best Practices in Emergency Services: 138. December 2008.
- Hawkins, Seth C. (2008). "The Green Machine: Development of a high-efficiency, low-pollution EMS response vehicle". Journal of Emergency Medical Services. 33 (7): 108–120. doi:10.1016/s0197-2510(08)70258-4. PMID 18602596.
- "Hybrids could be the future for greener EMS: two-year study suggests replacement for traditional SUVs". Medscape News. Retrieved December 12, 2011. (login required)
- "Middletown High School Class of '89 grad earns medical award". The Middletown Press. October 19, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "Vertical Medicine Resources: Staff Bios". Vertical Medicine Resources. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- "RAW Medicine Podcast: About Us". RAW Medicine Podcast. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
- "The Masters". Wilderness Medicine Magazine. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "Seth C Hawkins". Wake Forest University School of Medicine. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
- "Burke EMS director Hawkins designated as national academy fellow". Morganton News Herald. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- "ER Doctor Deemed Hero of Emergency Medicine". Morganton News Herald. Washington, DC. March 27, 2008.
- "North Carolina Heroes of Emergency Medicine". American College of Emergency Physicians. Archived from the original on September 4, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "Yalie of the Week". Yale Alumni Magazine. Archived from the original on May 21, 2009. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
- "WMS Awards". WMS.org. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- "The Masters". Wilderness Medical Society. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Van Tilburg C (2009). "WMS/BALL Award 2009". Wilderness Medicine. 26 (4): 27.
- "Dr. Seth Hawkins, Local EMS Externship Honored with National Award". Morganton News Herald. Morganton, NC. June 5, 2018.
- "Medical Director Inducted into International Guild". Morganton News Herald. Morganton, NC. January 23, 2019.
- "2018 EMS10 Winner Profile: Seth Hawkins". Journal of EMS. March 11, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
- "WMS Awards". WMS.org. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
- Chrissy Murphy (January 21, 2020). "EMS Medical Director Recognized for Experiential Education". Morganton News Herald. Morganton, NC.
- Julie N. Chang (December 18, 2010). "Family builds green home". Morganton News Herald. Morganton, NC.