Seth Ward (bishop of Salisbury)
He was born in Hertfordshire, and educated at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1636 and M.A. in 1640, becoming a Fellow in that year. In 1643 he was chosen university mathematical lecturer, but he was deprived of his fellowship next year for opposing the Solemn League and Covenant (with Isaac Barrow, John Barwick and Peter Gunning).
In 1649, he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford University, and gained a high reputation by his theory of planetary motion. It was propounded in the works entitled In Ismaelis Bullialdi astro-nomiae philolaicae fundamenta inquisitio brevis (Oxford, 1653), against the cosmology of Ismael Boulliau, and Astronomia geometrica (London, 1656) on the system of Kepler. About this time he was engaged in a decades-long philosophical controversy with Thomas Hobbes: Seth Ward and John Wallis, both Savilian professors and members of the Anglican clergy, felt offended by the works of Hobbes, particularly after Leviathan was released.:273
King Charles II appointed him to the livings of St Lawrence Jewry in London, and Uplowman, Devonshire, in 1661. He also became dean of Exeter Cathedral (1661) and rector of St Breock, Cornwall in 1662. In the latter year he was consecrated Bishop of Exeter, and in 1667 he was translated to the see of Salisbury. The office of Chancellor of the Order of the Garter was conferred on him in 1671.
In his diocese he showed great severity to nonconformists, and rigidly enforced the act prohibiting conventicles. He spent a great deal of money on the restoration of the cathedrals of Worcester and Salisbury. He died at Knightsbridge on 6 January 1689.
- Wright, Peter (1975). "Astrology and Science in Seventeenth-Century England". Social Studies of Science. 5: 405. doi:10.1177/030631277500500402.
- "Ward, Seth (WRT632S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Galileo project page
- Chisholm 1911.
- Siegmund Probst (September 1993). "Infinity and creation: the origin of the controversy between Thomas Hobbes and the Savilian Professors Seth Ward and John Wallis". British Journal for the History of Science. 26 (3): 271–279. doi:10.1017/s0007087400031058.
- Allen G. Debus, Science and Education in the Seventeenth Century: The Webster-Ward Debate (1970).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ward, Seth". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Ward, Seth". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- "Archival material relating to Seth Ward". UK National Archives.
- Works by or about Seth Ward in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Seth Ward", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
| Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford
| President of Trinity College, Oxford
|Church of England titles|
| Dean of Exeter
| Bishop of Exeter
| Bishop of Salisbury