|Blackburnian warbler, Setophaga fusca|
Setophaga is a genus of birds of the New World warbler family Parulidae. It contains at least 33 species. The males in breeding plumage are often highly colorful. The Setophaga warblers are an example of adaptive radiation with the various species using different feeding techniques and often feeding in different parts of the same tree.
Most Setophaga species are long-range migrants, wintering in or near the New World tropics and seasonally migrating to breed in North America. In contrast, two Setophaga species, the palm warbler and yellow-rumped warbler, have winter ranges that extend along the Atlantic coast of North America as far north as Nova Scotia.
Genetic research has suggested that Dendroica and Setophaga should be merged. This change has been accepted by both the North American and South American Classification Committees of the American Ornithological Society and the IOC World Bird List. Most members of the genus as currently recognized were traditionally classified as the genus Dendroica, 29 species at the time of the merger. The only member of the genus Setophaga prior to the merger was the American redstart. As the name Setophaga (published in 1827) takes priority over Dendroica (published in 1842), those who accept the merger transfer all the species below to Setophaga.
List of species
- Plumbeous warbler, Setophaga plumbea
- Elfin woods warbler, Setophaga angelae
- Arrowhead warbler, Setophaga pharetra
- Hooded warbler, Setophaga citrina
- American redstart. Setophaga ruticilla
- Kirtland's warbler, Setophaga kirtlandii
- Cape May warbler, Setophaga tigrina
- Cerulean warbler, Setophaga cerulea
- Northern parula, Setophaga americana
- Tropical parula, Setophaga pitiayumi
- Magnolia warbler, Setophaga magnolia
- Bay-breasted warbler, Setophaga castanea
- Blackburnian warbler, Setophaga fusca
- American yellow warbler, Setophaga petechia
- Chestnut-sided warbler, Setophaga pensylvanica
- Blackpoll warbler, Setophaga striata
- Black-throated blue warbler, Setophaga caerulescens
- Palm warbler, Setophaga palmarum
- Olive-capped warbler, Setophaga pityophila
- Pine warbler, Setophaga pinus
- Yellow-rumped warbler, Setophaga coronata
- Yellow-throated warbler, Setophaga dominica
- Bahama warbler, Setophaga flavescens
- Vitelline warbler, Setophaga vitellina
- Prairie warbler, Setophaga discolor
- Adelaide's warbler, Setophaga adelaidae
- Barbuda warbler, Setophaga subita
- Saint Lucia warbler, Setophaga delicata
- Grace's warbler, Setophaga graciae
- Black-throated grey warbler, Setophaga nigrescens
- Townsend's warbler, Setophaga townsendi
- Hermit warbler, Setophaga occidentalis
- Golden-cheeked warbler, Setophaga chrysoparia
- Black-throated green warbler, Setophaga virens
- "Explore BNA". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
- Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. p. 355. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Chesser R. T.; et al. (2011). "Fifty-Second Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds" (PDF). Auk. 128 (3): 600–613. doi:10.1525/auk.2011.128.3.600.
- A Classification of the Bird Species of South America, accessed 17 August 2016
- IOC World Bird List New World warblers & oropendolas
- Lovette, Irby J.; et al. (2010). "A comprehensive multilocus phylogeny for the wood-warblers and a revised classification of the Parulidae (Aves)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 57 (2): 753–70. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.018. PMID 20696258.