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Blackburnian warbler, Setophaga fusca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Parulidae
Genus: Setophaga
Swainson, 1827

Parula Bonaparte, 1838
Dendroica G. R. Gray, 1842

Setophaga is a genus of birds of the New World warbler family Parulidae. It contains at least 33 species. The males in breeding plumage are often highly colorful. The Setophaga warblers are an example of adaptive radiation with the various species using different feeding techniques and often feeding in different parts of the same tree.


Most members of the genus as currently recognized were traditionally classified as the genus Dendroica, 29 species at the time of the merger. The only member of the genus Setophaga prior to the merger was the American redstart. Genetic research has suggested that Dendroica and Setophaga should be merged. This change has been accepted by both the North American and South American Classification Committees of the American Ornithologists' Union[1][2] and the IOC World Bird List.[3] As the name Setophaga (published in 1827) takes priority over Dendroica (published in 1842), those who accept the merger transfer all the species below to Setophaga.[4]

The genus name Setophaga is from Ancient Greek ses, "moth", and phagos, "eating".[5]

List of species[edit]


  1. ^ Chesser R. T.; et al. (2011). "Fifty-Second Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds" (PDF). Auk. 128 (3): 600–613. doi:10.1525/auk.2011.128.3.600. 
  2. ^ A Classification of the Bird Species of South America, accessed 17 August 2016
  3. ^ IOC World Bird List New World warblers & oropendolas
  4. ^ Lovette, Irby J.; et al. (2010). "A comprehensive multilocus phylogeny for the wood-warblers and a revised classification of the Parulidae (Aves)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 57 (2): 753–70. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.018. PMID 20696258. 
  5. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. p. 355. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.