Setouchi, Okayama

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Setouchi
瀬戸内市
Ushimado Port and resort area
Ushimado Port and resort area
Flag of Setouchi
Official seal of Setouchi
Location of Setouchi in Okayama Prefecture
Location of Setouchi in Okayama Prefecture
Setouchi is located in Japan
Setouchi
Setouchi
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°40′N 134°6′E / 34.667°N 134.100°E / 34.667; 134.100Coordinates: 34°40′N 134°6′E / 34.667°N 134.100°E / 34.667; 134.100
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'yō)
PrefectureOkayama Prefecture
Government
 • MayorAkinari Takehisa (since July 2009)
Area
 • Total125.51 km2 (48.46 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2017)
 • Total37,934
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address300-1 Oku-cho Owari, Setouchi-shi, Okayama-ken
701-4292
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.setouchi.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdJapanese white-eye
FlowerChrysanthemum
TreeOlive

Setouchi (瀬戸内市, Setouchi-shi) is a city located in southern Okayama Prefecture, Japan.

As of March 1, 2017, the city had an estimated population of 37,934, with 15,396 households and a population density of 300 persons per km².[1] The total area is 125.51 km2 (48.46 sq mi).

The modern city of Setouchi was founded on November 1, 2004, by the merger of the former towns of Oku, Osafune and Ushimado (all from Oku District). Its city hall is the former town hall of Oku.

The name Setouchi is derived from Seto Inland Sea (in Japanese: Setonaikai). The city faces the Inland Sea on its eastern and southern parts. The climate is moderate. Its main industries are fishery, agriculture, pottery, and sightseeing.

History[edit]

Setouchi City Hall

Port Ushimado was a famous port till the early modern era. It served messengers from Korea to the Tokugawa Shogunate. The port is today a good spot for sightseeing and sailing. Osafune was famous for the production of katana in the 12th century under the name of Bizen Osafune (Osafune, Bizen Province). Fukuoka District, which flourished as a trade center and later a political center along the Seto Inland Sea until the beginning of the Edo period, served by the Yoshii River and the Seto Inland Sea, is also included as a part of the city. The Fukuoka Market (Fukuoka no Ichi) was recorded in the scroll Ippen Shonin Emaki, drawn in the 13th century. At the end of the Kamakura period a castle was built in Fukuoka. In the middle Muromachi period, the daimyō who governed Bizen province took this castle as their site, rebuilt and fortified it more than before. Because the Yoshii river changed its course and most of Fukuoka including the castle sank under the river, the castle was abandoned.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Setouchi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Setouchi is 15.1 °C (59.2 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,150.6 mm (45.30 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.3 °C (81.1 °F), and lowest in January, at around 4.2 °C (39.6 °F).[2] The highest temperature ever recorded in Setouchi was 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) on 30 July 2004; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −7.6 °C (18.3 °F) on 27 February 1981.[3]

Climate data for Mushiage, Setouchi (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1979−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
22.9
(73.2)
27.8
(82.0)
30.8
(87.4)
34.7
(94.5)
37.4
(99.3)
37.3
(99.1)
36.1
(97.0)
32.1
(89.8)
24.5
(76.1)
20.9
(69.6)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
9.9
(49.8)
13.2
(55.8)
18.5
(65.3)
23.2
(73.8)
26.3
(79.3)
30.2
(86.4)
32.0
(89.6)
28.3
(82.9)
22.8
(73.0)
17.2
(63.0)
11.8
(53.2)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.5
(40.1)
7.7
(45.9)
12.8
(55.0)
17.8
(64.0)
21.9
(71.4)
25.9
(78.6)
27.3
(81.1)
23.5
(74.3)
17.6
(63.7)
11.7
(53.1)
6.5
(43.7)
15.1
(59.2)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.0
(35.6)
7.0
(44.6)
12.4
(54.3)
17.8
(64.0)
22.5
(72.5)
23.7
(74.7)
19.4
(66.9)
12.8
(55.0)
6.7
(44.1)
1.6
(34.9)
10.4
(50.7)
Record low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−7.6
(18.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.3
(36.1)
8.8
(47.8)
14.9
(58.8)
15.8
(60.4)
7.7
(45.9)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
−7.6
(18.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.1
(1.42)
43.8
(1.72)
83.8
(3.30)
88.3
(3.48)
116.2
(4.57)
154.2
(6.07)
172.8
(6.80)
98.8
(3.89)
162.6
(6.40)
98.0
(3.86)
53.6
(2.11)
43.1
(1.70)
1,150.6
(45.30)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 6.4 8.8 9.0 9.1 11.0 10.2 6.6 8.6 7.4 5.8 5.3 93.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.6 143.3 177.4 197.5 207.9 159.0 186.4 228.0 159.3 149.9 146.6 158.6 2,059.8
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2][3]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data, the population of Setouchi in 2020 is 36,048 people.[4] Setouchi has been conducting censuses since 1950.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 41,449—    
1955 40,619−2.0%
1960 38,789−4.5%
1965 35,814−7.7%
1970 33,769−5.7%
1975 35,866+6.2%
1980 37,939+5.8%
1985 38,838+2.4%
1990 38,928+0.2%
1995 39,228+0.8%
2000 39,403+0.4%
2005 39,081−0.8%
2010 37,858−3.1%
2015 36,975−2.3%
2020 36,048−2.5%
Setouchi population statistics[4]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Setouchi is twinned with:[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official website of Setouchi city" (in Japanese). Japan: Setouchi City. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  3. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Setouchi population statistics

External links[edit]