Seumas Milne

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Seumas Milne
Opposition Executive Director of Strategy and Communications
Assumed office
26 October 2015
Leader Jeremy Corbyn
Preceded by Bob Roberts (May 2015)
Personal details
Born 1958 (age 57–58)
Nationality British
Political party Labour
Parents Alasdair Milne (father)
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford
Birkbeck, University of London
Occupation Political aide, journalist and writer

Seumas Milne (born 1958) is a British journalist and political aide. In October 2015 he was appointed the Labour Party's Executive Director of Strategy and Communications, on leave from The Guardian.[1][2]

Milne joined the newspaper in 1984.[3] He was a columnist and associate editor at The Guardian at the time of his Labour Party appointment, and according to Peter Popham writing for The Independent in 1997, "is on the far left of the Labour Party".[4][5][6] He is the author of The Enemy Within: The Secret War Against the Miners, a book about the 1984–5 British miners' strike which focuses on the role of MI5 and Special Branch in the dispute.[7][8]

Early life[edit]

Milne is the younger son of former BBC Director General Alasdair Milne. and his wife Sheila Kirsten, née Graucob, who was of Irish and Danish ancestry.[9][10] He attended Winchester College, where he stood in a mock election in 1974 as a Maoist Party candidate,[11] and read Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Balliol College, Oxford, and Economics at Birkbeck College, London University. His sister Kirsty, who died in July 2013, was an academic and former journalist.[12]

After graduating from Oxford University, Milne became the business manager of Straight Left, a monthly publication produced from 1979 by a pro-Soviet faction in the Communist Party of Great Britain.[13] Its supporters were not exclusively communists: several left-wing Labour MPs with pro-Soviet bloc sympathies sat on its editorial committee; Milne was not a Communist Party member.[14] Peter Popham wrote in a 1997 article for The Independent that "there is no mistaking that Seumas is on the far left of the Labour Party, of which he has been a member for 20 years".[4]

Career[edit]

Journalism[edit]

Milne worked as a staff journalist at The Economist magazine from 1981 before joining The Guardian newspaper in 1984 on the recommendation of Andrew Knight, the magazine's editor at the time.[3][15] Milne's early responsibilities for The Guardian included posts as news reporter, Labour Correspondent (by 1994),[16] and Labour Editor. In 1994, Milne's colleague Richard Gott resigned from The Guardian over his connections to the KGB, and Milne defended Gott against allegations which he thought "seemed absurd", and claimed the journalists who had written the expose of his friend for The Spectator magazine were connected to MI5.[16][17]

Milne was Comment Editor for six years from 2001 to 2007.[13]According to Peter Wilby in an April 2016 New Statesman profile of Milne, his most controversial decision among Guardian staff, was a 2004 article by Osama bin Laden, assembled from recordings of one of his speeches. While almost all thought it should have been published, a small majority thought it should not have been run as a comment piece, although the readers' editor later defended this decision.[10]

Milne's period in this role was described by Naomi Klein in her book The Shock Doctrine as having turned the Guardian's comment section into a "truly global debating forum".[18] Conservative MEP Daniel Hannan asserted that Milne's greatest achievement "was to take full advantage of the expansion of The Guardian’s comment pages ... making them the most thought-provoking opinion section in Britain".[5] Hannan also praised him as "a sincere, eloquent and uncomplicated Marxist".[5] Following changes in staff responsibilities, he was succeeded as comment editor by Georgina Henry,[19] with Toby Manhire as her deputy.[20] Milne was moved to his role as associate editor in 2007, according to Peter Wilby because he was building up too many writers in his own image, and devoting too much space to Palestine.[10]

Milne has reported for The Guardian from the Middle East, Latin America, Russia, Eastern Europe and South Asia,[21] and has also written for Le Monde Diplomatique[22] and the London Review of Books.[23] Milne is reported to have lobbied within The Guardian in 2015 for editor-in-chief Katharine Viner to succeed Alan Rusbridger in the post.[24]

Milne served on the executive committee of the National Union of Journalists for ten years,[4][21] and is a former chairman of the joint Guardian-Observer NUJ chapter. In the 1980s, he chaired the Hammersmith Constituency Labour Party when Clive Soley (now Lord Soley) was the constituency's MP.[25] "Resistance and the unity of the working class is what will progress our movement", Milne told a 2015 May Day rally in Glasgow.[25]

Kate Godfrey, who has worked as an aid worker in conflict zones such as Libya and Syria,[26] wrote in The Daily Telegraph in October 2015: "I think Milne is an apologist for terror, and will always be an apologist for terror. I think that he never met a truth he didn’t dismiss as an orthodoxy and that nowhere in his far-Left polemic are actual people represented".[27] The attacks on Milne for his Guardian columns, although they range from the "blandly stupid to the creatively offensive", struck James Kirkup in the same publication nearly a year later as being "a little silly, since part of the point of this columnising lark is to say things that get attention and provoke argument: by that measure, he was pretty good at the job".[28]

Labour's Director of Communications[edit]

Appointment[edit]

It was announced on 20 October 2015 that Milne would become part of the team of Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn as the Labour Party's Executive Director of Strategy and Communications. Reportedly on a one-year contract,[29] he is "on leave" from his post at The Guardian and assumed his new role on 26 October.[2][30] "Just what the doctor ordered", Milne's friend George Galloway tweeted in response to the news.[31][32] Guardian columnist Suzanne Moore, after expressing her dislike of leftists from Milne's background, speculated (in a soon deleted tweet[16]) that his appointment meant "Bye bye Labour".[33]

According to Tom Harris, a former Scottish Labour MP writing for The Daily Telegraph, Corbyn could have chosen for the Comms post "someone whose skills in media management were better known than his personal political views. Instead he chose Seumas Milne, a hate figure for the right of the Labour Party and pretty much everyone else to the right of that."[34] The former Labour cabinet minister, Lord Mandelson, told the BBC that Corbyn had shown a lack of professionalism in appointing Milne, "whom I happen to know and like as it happens. But he's completely unsuited to such a job, he has little connection with mainstream politics or mainstream media in this country."[35][36]

John Jewell, an academic at Cardiff University's School of Journalism, criticised the articles by Harris and others which mention Milne's response to the murder of Lee Rigby. Jewell observes that "the article in which Milne wrote of Rigby not being a victim of terrorism 'in the normal sense' began with these words: 'The videoed butchery of Fusilier Lee Rigby outside Woolwich barracks last May was a horrific act and his killers’ murder conviction a foregone conclusion.'"[37]

Patrick Wintour, the political Editor of The Guardian, wrote that Corbyn "has been struggling to ensure he receives an effective press since he became party leader, and Milne will be charged with ensuring there is an improvement".[1] In July 2016, Peter Preston, Milne's first Guardian editor, commented about the ethical challenges faced by journalists-turned-political advisers shortly after Milne's appointment: "The 'on leave' tag appears to make Seumas a once and continuing Guardian man, which won’t help relations with journalists from elsewhere".[15] Milne has demonstrated a low opinion of much of the British press in his comments.[38] Owen Jones in his Guardian column defended Milne as "a deeply insightful and thoroughly decent man who has been wronged by his media portrayal as a soulless Stalinist apparatchik".[39] Others, such as Joe Emersberger wriying for TeleSUR, have accused the UK press of conducting a smear campaign against Milne.[40]

January 2016 shadow cabinet reshuffle[edit]

In early October 2015, a few weeks before his appointment was announced, Milne was interviewed by the RT television network, formerly known as Russia Today, while the Labour Party conference was in progress.[41] Milne said that Corbyn's initial front bench constituted a "stabilisation shadow cabinet" and was of the opinion that current Labour MPs were "not only far to the right of most Labour party members, but actually it's to the right of public opinion."[42] Milne commented that reselection in this parliament, because of a reduction in the number of members of parliament necessitating constituency boundary changes, could be used for a "recalibration" of the parliamentary party.[41][42][43][44] In response to Milne's comments on RT, Corbyn's spokesman said in response in October 2015 that the Labour leader "has been crystal clear he does not support changes to Labour's rules to make it easier to deselect sitting Labour MPs".[42]

The Labour MP Ian Austin said, while the January 2016 reshuffle of Labour's frontbench was in progress, that Milne's actions had been "an absolute disgrace" over the last few weeks. According to Austin, "people in the leader's office, I'm told by journalists, Seumas Milne, telling us that Hilary Benn was going to be sacked, that Michael Dugher was going to be sacked, a whole long list of people, not for questions of competence or loyalty but because they voted a different way on a free vote."[45][46] However Isabel Hardman, assistant editor of The Spectator, speaking on This Week cast doubt on this interpretation, giving credence to a view that it was other people who claim to be close to Corbyn who were briefing journalists.[47] While Dugher was sacked by Corbyn from his post as shadow culture secretary, Benn survived as shadow foreign secretary.[48]

Milne made an official complaint to the BBC about the 6 January on-air announcement on the Daily Politics programme by Stephen Doughty that he had resigned as a shadow foreign office minister. In a letter to Robbie Gibb, the BBC's head of live political programmes, Milne objected to the BBC following a "particular political narrative". Gibb responded that the programme had merely observed the convention of the BBC, and other media outlets, in breaking news stories.[49] Milne was reported, by Andrew Grice of The Independent on 21 January 2016, to be aligned with Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell in a power struggle between two factions in Corbyn's team.[50]

June 2016 Vice News documentary[edit]

A fly on the wall documentary about the Corbyn-led Labour Party, produced by Vice News, became available online at the beginning of June 2016. Milne was featured asserting that Corbyn's line of attack as Leader of the Opposition for Prime Minister's Questions are leaked to the Conservative government. In a recorded aside, Milne said that it happens "a third of the time" giving then prime minister David Cameron "an advantage".[51][52]

Labour's General Secretary Iain McNicol emailed party staff to acknowledge that they might be "upset" by Milne's comments and to reassure them that their work was appreciated.[53]

Brexit campaign and the Labour leadership crisis[edit]

After the unexpected victory of the "Leave" camp in the June 2016 referendum on UK membership in the European Union, Milne's role as Labour strategist came under scrutiny within the party. Internal emails passed to BBC News were alleged by Labour "Remainers" to show Milne minimizing the public campaign by party leader Corbyn to promote the Remain camp.[54] After more than sixty front-bench resignations and a vote of no confidence with 80% of Labour MPs supporting the motion against Corbyn, Milne was accused by the Labour Party's former strategist John McTernan in the London Evening Standard of talking Corbyn out of resigning.[55] Other sources, according to Robert Peston, have disputed this claim.[56]

Views[edit]

On capitalism, communism and democracy[edit]

Capitalism and democracy[edit]

Writing for The Guardian in September 2015, Milne put forward his view that it's the establishment that has a problem with democracy:

Milne has argued that the financial and economic crisis of 2007–9 has discredited the neoliberal model of capitalism.[58] He has argued for full public ownership of banks in Britain.[59] The rejection of a search for an alternative to capitalism, wrote Milne in 2006 "reflects a determination to prove there is no alternative to the new global capitalist order – and that any attempt to find one is bound to lead to suffering and bloodshed".[60]

Communism[edit]

Milne has attacked what he calls "the creeping historical revisionism that tries to equate Nazism and communism",[61] which he argues has tended to "relativise the unique crimes of Nazism, bury those of colonialism and feed the idea that any attempt at radical social change will always lead to suffering, killing and failure".[62] He has written that communism's "crimes are now so well rehearsed that they are in danger of obliterating any understanding of its achievements, both of which have lessons for the future of progressive politics and the search for a social alternative to globalised capitalism".[63]

Milne argued in 2006:

In the same 2006 article Milne criticised the Council of Europe and others for adopting "as fact the wildest estimates of those 'killed by communist regimes'".[60] He has argued that, while the "number of victims of Stalin's terror" "remain[s] a focus of huge academic controversy",[62] "the real records of repression now available from the Soviet archives are horrific enough (799,455 people were recorded as executed between 1921 and 1953 and the labour camp population reached 2.5 million at its peak) without engaging in an ideologically-fuelled inflation game".[60]

For Alex Massie, writing for The Spectator in October 2015: "Milne's concern for those labouring in imperial captivity never extends to those held hostage by the Soviets."[65]

Al-Qaeda attacks and the response[edit]

11 September attacks[edit]

Milne argued that the 11 September 2001 terror attacks on New York and Washington were the product of "longstanding grievances" over US intervention in the Middle East: "not only western indulgence of Israeli military occupation, but decades of oil-lubricated support for despots from Iran to Oman, Egypt to Saudi Arabia and routine military interventions to maintain US control".[66] Two days after the September 11 attacks, on 13 September 2001, he wrote[67] that "most Americans simply don't get.. why the United States is hated with such bitterness, not only in Arab and Muslim countries, but across the developing world". Milne argued that in the aftermath of "such atrocities", only a minority were likely to "make the connection between what has been visited upon them and what their government has visited upon large parts of the world. But make that connection they must, if such tragedies are not to be repeated."[67] He wrote that the US was "reaping a dragon's teeth harvest" it had itself sowed in Afghanistan in the 1980s.[67]

Afghanistan and Iraq wars[edit]

Milne has been a vocal critic of the "war on terror"[68] and the wars in Afghanistan[69] and Iraq.[70] He argued in 2001 that war in Afghanistan would fail to "stamp out anti-western terrorism" and if the US invaded Iraq, "it risks a catastrophe".[71]

In relation to Iraq, Milne argued in March 2008:

According to Milne in July 2004, "the anti-occupation guerrillas" were "a classic resistance movement with widespread support waging an increasingly successful guerrilla war against the occupying armies".[72][73] He argued in October 2009 for a "negotiated withdrawal" from Afghanistan based on a "political settlement, including the Taliban and regional powers".[69] In a speech at a Stop the War rally on 4 October 2014, the day after Alan Henning is thought to have been beheaded, Milne said that "the horrific killing of the hostage Alan Henning in revenge for the British decision to bomb Iraq is a reminder, if any were needed, that another war in Iraq or Syria won't stop terror".[74] He also said that "The group that calls itself Islamic State is the ultimate blowback from the invasion of Iraq",[46] calling it "the Frankenstein product of the War on Terror".[74]

Motivations of al-Qaeda[edit]

Milne argued after the London bombings that it was "an insult to the dead" and a "piece of disinformation long peddled by champions of the occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan" to claim that al-Qaeda and its followers were motivated by "a hatred of western freedoms and way of life" and "that their Islamist ideology aims at global domination", rather than "the withdrawal of US and other western forces from the Arab and Muslim world" and an end to support for Israeli occupation of Palestinian land and despotic regimes in the region.[75] Victor J. Seidler, a Professor of Social Theory from the University of London, argued in relation to Milne's article that we have to be careful "not to dismiss an Islamist rejection of the freedoms of Western urban cultures, in relation to consumerism and sexualities".[76] Seidler argued that, contrary to Milne's claims, they were at least partly motivated by "Islamist religious doctrine".[77]

Andrew Anthony, writing about the columnist's articles on Muslim extremism, asserted that "whereas Milne can instantly detect the relationship between far right rhetoric and the recent murder of Ahmed Hassan, a Muslim teenager in Dewsbury, he dismisses the idea that such hatred as was captured in" the Dispatches programme "Undercover Mosque" (2007) "might contribute to the kind of mentality that resulted in the carnage of the July 2005 bombs and the many terror plots that the authorities have successfully prevented."[78]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

In the Middle East, Milne has argued that "commitment to Palestinian rights should first of all be a question of justice. But, given the toxicity this conflict brings to the entire relationship with the Muslim world, it is also a matter of obvious western self-interest".[79] He has written that "far from supporting the Palestinian national unity necessary to make any peace agreement stick", the US and its allies "are doing everything possible to deepen the split between Hamas and Abbas's Fatah movement".[80]

Gaza Wars[edit]

In the aftermath of the Gaza War (27 December 2008 – 18 January 2009), also known as Operation Cast Lead, Milne cited allegations of Israeli war crimes to argue: "With such powerful evidence of violations of the rules of war now emerging from the rubble of Gaza, the test must be this: is the developing system of international accountability for war crimes only going to apply to the west's enemies – or can the western powers and their closest allies also be brought to book?"[81]

In an August 2014 speech at a Palestine Solidarity Campaign demonstration for Gaza[82][83] he said that "Israel has no right to defend itself from territory it illegally occupies" and, referring to the actions of Hamas against Israel, "It isn't terrorism to fight back. The terrorism is the killing of citizens by Israel on an industrial scale".[30][84]

On Putin and Russia[edit]

Along with the journalist John Pilger and Andrew Murray of Stop the War, Milne has been accused by Michael Mosbacher, writing for Standpoint magazine, of being one of the "leftist apologists" for Vladimir Putin's government in Russia.[85] "Illegal wars in Georgia, Syria and Ukraine. Thousands dead from bombing and artillery from Donetsk to Aleppo. An opposition strangled by a junta-like secret service with the same tools Seumas hated so much in Latin America. But this never comes up in his writing."[44] Nick Cohen wrote in September 2016 that individuals such as Milne, in allying themselves with Putin "are not just making the West’s enemy their friend. Western leftists are allying with the West’s own far right" because Putin's government "funds the French National Front and far right nationalist movements in Hungary, Slovakia and Bulgaria".[86]

In 2014, Milne attended[10][87][24][44] the Valdai International Discussion Club conference in Sochi, where he conducted a discussion in 2014 with Putin and former French prime minister Dominique de Villepin, opening a session there entitled "New Rules or No Rules in the Global Order".[87] His expenses were paid for by the organisers of the event.[10] Ben Judah wrote in late October 2015 that Milne had "respectfully asking softball questions" of Putin. According to Judah, while "Milne claims to hate 'imperialism'", but he "was gazing respectfully at Putin" who "is an imperialist, spymaster and, in my view, a war criminal, too. One thing he is not is a socialist.[44]

On the 2014 annexation of Crimea, Milne wrote that "western aggression and lawless killing is on another scale entirely from anything Russia appears to have contemplated, let alone carried out – removing any credible basis for the US and its allies to rail against Russian transgressions",[88] and has described the annexation as "clearly defensive",[89] asserting that "the crisis in Ukraine is a product of the disastrous Versailles-style break-up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s".[88] Oliver Bullough disagreed with this view, asserting that "the destruction of the USSR was not some Versailles-style treaty imposed from outside. Russia, Ukraine and Belarus did it themselves".[90]

Brian Whitaker, former Middle East editor for The Guardian asserted in October 2015 that Milne

Milne in October 2016, while he was Jeremy Corbyn's press spokesman, said that "The focus on Russian atrocities or Syrian army atrocities – which is absolutely correct – sometimes diverts attention from other atrocities"; that is, ones committed by the United States, Britain, and their allies.[92]

Private life[edit]

Milne married Cristina Montanari, an Italian-born director of an advertising firm, in 1992. The couple have two now-adult children, a son and daughter, who were educated at selective grammar schools in Kingston upon Thames at Montanari's insistence.[24][33] Milne had a lung tumour removed around 2013.[24]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wintour, Patrick (20 October 2015). "Guardian journalist Seumas Milne appointed Labour head of communications". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Seumas Milne appointed Labour's Executive Director of Strategy and Communications". LabourPress: Labour Party press office. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Milne, Seumas". Writer's Directory. 2005. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Popham, Peter (31 March 1997). "Media families 7. The Milnes". The Independent. 
  5. ^ a b c Hannan, Daniel (10 July 2008). "My top five Leftie columnists". The Daily Telegraph. 
  6. ^ "In the air". Evening Standard. 16 August 2006. 
  7. ^ Andrew, Christopher (2009). The Defence of the Realm. London: Allen Lane. p. 677.  n. 49, p. 968
  8. ^ "Seumas Milne". The Guardian. 
  9. ^ "Alasdair Milne". The Daily Telegraph. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Wilby, Peter (16 April 2016). "The Thin Controller". New Statesman. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  11. ^ Wilkinson, Michael (8 March 2016). "Revealed: Jeremy Corbyn's top aide Seumas Milne backed Chinese communist dictator Chairman Mao during his elite boarding school days". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  12. ^ Iain Martin "Obituary: Kirsty Milne, journalist and academic", The Scotsman, 16 July 2013
  13. ^ a b Mosbacher, Michael (September 2011). "Overrated: Seumas Milne". Standpoint. 
  14. ^ Mosbacher, Michael (December 2015). "The Stalinist Past Of Corbyn's Strategist". Standpoint. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  15. ^ a b Preston, Peter (25 October 2015). "A media move like this needn't burst Seumas Milne's bubble". The Observer. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c Wickham, Alex (23 March 2016). "Has Jeremy Corbyn's spin doctor Seumas Milne gone rogue?". GQ. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  17. ^ The "seemed absurd" quote appears in Milne, Seumas (2004). The Enemy Within: The Secret War Against the Miners. London & New York: Verso. p. 383. 
  18. ^ Klein, Naomi (2007). The Shock Doctrine. London: Penguin. p. 530. 
  19. ^ Brook, Stephen (13 March 2007). "Staff shuffle for Guardian comment". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  20. ^ "Guardian hires new comment editor". Press Gazette. 17 May 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  21. ^ a b Guardian profile
  22. ^ "Seumas Milne". Le Monde Diplomatique. 2009. 
  23. ^ Milne, Seumas (5 June 1997). "After the May Day flood". London Review of BooksA. 
  24. ^ a b c d Edwardes, Charlotte (2 December 2015). "Seumas Milne: Labour spin doctor, political firebrand and Jeremy Corbyn's guardian angel". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Pickard, Jim (14 January 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn's strategist Seumas Milne in the eye of Labour storm". Financial Times. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  26. ^ Godfrey, Kate (21 October 2015). "So Jeremy Corbyn, what made you appoint Seumas Milne, an apologist for murderous dictators?". The Independent. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  27. ^ Godfrey, Kate (23 October 2016). "Seumas Milne will finish Labour off". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  28. ^ Kirkup, James (28 September 2016). "In defence of Seumas Milne: blame Jeremy Corbyn for Labour's poison, not his creatures". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 October 2016. 
  29. ^ Rigby, Elizabeth; Savage, Michael (12 February 2016). "Guardian presses writer to quit over his link to Corbyn". The Times. Retrieved 12 February 2016.  (subscription required)
  30. ^ a b McCann, Kate (20 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn appoints top advisor who once defended terrorism". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  31. ^ Patrikarakos, David (25 October 2015). "Corbyn's new Stalinist voice". Politico Europe. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  32. ^ Galloway has said that Milne is his "closest friend. We have spoken almost daily for 30 years". See Long, Camilla (22 November 2015). "With friends like these...". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 18 July 2016.  (subscription required)
  33. ^ a b Rayner, Gordon (23 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn's millionaire spin doctor Seumas Milne sent his children to top grammar schools". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  34. ^ Harris, Tom (21 October 2015). "By hiring Seumas Milne, Jeremy Corbyn shows his utter contempt for real Labour voters". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  35. ^ Watt, Nicholas (24 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn criticised over appointment of Labour's new press chief". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  36. ^ Pickard, Jim (23 October 2015). "Jeremy Corbyn faces Labour MP anger over communications chief". Financial Times. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  37. ^ Jewell, John (23 October 2015). "In a spin: why Seumas Milne is the wrong spokesman for Jeremy Corbyn". The Conversation. Retrieved 23 October 2015.  See also Milne, Seumas (20 December 2013). "Woolwich attack: If the whole world's a battlefield, that holds in Woolwich as well as Waziristan". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  38. ^ Spence, Alex (4 December 2015). "Corbyn and Milne, the demon duo of Fleet Street". Politico. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  39. ^ Jones, Owen (14 July 2016). "Labour's right are a shambles – but Corbyn has questions to answer too". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  40. ^ Emersberger, Joe (3 November 2015). "The British Media's Indecent Attacks on Seumas Milne". telesurtv.net. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  41. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (25 October 2015). "MPs who regularly defy Labour whip should face reselection, says Livingstone". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  42. ^ a b c Savage, Michael (22 October 2015). "Corbyn's Stalinist recruit plans purge of moderates". The Times. London. Retrieved 9 January 2016.  (subscription required)
  43. ^ Milne expressed similar opinions earlier. See Milne, Seumas (20 May 2009). "Purge the professionals and let party democracy breathe". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  44. ^ a b c d Judah, Ben. "Putin never dreamt of such a useful idiot at the heart of Westminster". The Sunday Times. 25 October 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016.  (subscription required)
  45. ^ Stone, Jon (6 January 2016). "Conduct of Jeremy Corbyn's aide Seumas Milne 'an absolute disgrace' says Labour MP Ian Austin". The Independent. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  46. ^ a b Kennedy, Dominic (23 January 2016). "Corbyn's band of luvvies and liabilities". The Times. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  (subscription required)
  47. ^ Andrew Neil, Isabel Hardman (7 January 2016). This Week. BBC. Event occurs at 29m04s. Retrieved 9 January 2016. Andrew Neil: Were Corbyn's people briefing that Benn was for the chop? Isabel Hardman: They have been insisting that they haven't been doing that, and it might have been other people who claim to be close to the leader, but it is not his media team personally. 
  48. ^ Pickard, Jim (5 January 2016). "Corbyn dallies on reshuffle in 'night of blunt knives'". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  49. ^ Watt, Nicholas; Sweney, Mark (8 January 2016). "BBC justifies decision to allow Stephen Doughty to resign live on Daily Politics". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 January 2016. 
  50. ^ Grice, Andrew (21 January 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn acts as peacemaker between rival Labour factions after Neale Coleman quits". The Independent. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
  51. ^ Devlin, Kate (1 June 2016). "Unions demand meeting with Labour's General Secretary over 'mole' claims". The Herald. Glasgow. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  52. ^ May, Josh (1 June 2016). "Labour aide Seumas Milne claims there is a mole in Jeremy Corbyn's office". politics Home. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  53. ^ Waugh, Paul (1 June 2016). "Labour Staff 'Upset' At Vice News Jeremy Corbyn Documentary Over Accusations Of Leaks To Tories". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  54. ^ Kuenssberg, Laura (26 June 2016). "Corbyn office 'sabotaged' EU remain campaign – sources". Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  55. ^ McTernan, John (30 June 2016). "The cult of Jeremy Corbyn: The making of a modern sect". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  56. ^ Peston, Robert (30 June 2016). "Last push by Labour MPs to persuade Corbyn to quit". ITV News. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  57. ^ Milne, Seumas (23 September 2015). "It's the British establishment that has a problem with democracy". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  58. ^ Milne, Seumas (23 October 2008). "Not the death of capitalism, but the birth of a new order". The Guardian. 
  59. ^ Milne, Seumas (22 January 2009). "Our banks are too important to be left in private hands". The Guardian. 
  60. ^ a b c d Milne, Seumas (16 February 2006). "Communism may be dead, but clearly not dead enough". The Guardian. 
  61. ^ Milne, Seumas (9 September 2009). "This rewriting of history is spreading Europe's poison". The Guardian. 
  62. ^ a b Milne, Seumas (12 September 2002). "The battle for history". The Guardian. 
  63. ^ Milne, Seumas (12 May 2007). "Movement of the people". The Guardian. 
  64. ^ See also an October 2012 interview with The Quietus online magazine, in which Milne commented: "Whatever people thought about the Soviet Union and its allies and what was going on in those countries, there was a sense throughout the twentieth century that there were alternatives – socialist political alternatives". Kennedy, Joe; Milne, Seumas (21 October 2012). "Vindicated Prada-Meinhof: Seumas Milne Interviewed". The Quietus. Retrieved 19 January 2016.  For a response, see also Sylvester, Rachel (19 January 2016). "The Corbynistas' love of Putin is a toxic trap". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  (subscription required)
  65. ^ Massie, Alex (20 October 2015). "Back in the USSR: Jeremy Corbyn hires Seumas Milne". The Spectator. Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  66. ^ Milne, Seumas (27 September 2001). "US comes up against the real world". The Guardian. 
  67. ^ a b c Milne, Seumas (13 September 2001). "They can't see why they are hated: Americans cannot ignore what their government does abroad". The Guardian. 
  68. ^ Milne, Seumas (21 November 2002). "A war that can't be won". The Guardian. 
  69. ^ a b Milne, Seumas (14 October 2009). "In a war for democracy, why worry about public opinion?". The Guardian. 
  70. ^ a b Milne, Seumas (20 March 2008). "There must be a reckoning for this day of infamy". The Guardian. 
  71. ^ Milne, Seumas (11 October 2001). "Lurching towards catastrophe". The Guardian. 
  72. ^ Milne, Seumas (1 July 2004). "The resistance campaign is Iraq's real war of liberation". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  73. ^ Coates, Sam (21 October 2014). "Labour recruit backed Iraqi insurgents". The Times. London. Retrieved 21 October 2015.  (subscription required)
  74. ^ a b Dominiczak, Peter; Swinford, Steven (5 December 2016). "Jeremy Corbyn: Execution of Brit by Jihadi John was 'the price we pay for war'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 January 2016. 
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