Sevagram

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Sevagram
town
Adi Nivas, the first residence of Mahatma Gandhi in Sevagram Ashram.
Adi Nivas, the first residence of Mahatma Gandhi in Sevagram Ashram.
Sevagram is located in Maharashtra
Sevagram
Sevagram
Sevagram is located in India
Sevagram
Sevagram
Coordinates: 20°44′10″N 78°39′45″E / 20.73611°N 78.66250°E / 20.73611; 78.66250Coordinates: 20°44′10″N 78°39′45″E / 20.73611°N 78.66250°E / 20.73611; 78.66250
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictWardha
Population
 (2011)
 • Total8,000
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
442 102
Telephone code91 7152
Vehicle registrationMH-32
Nearest cityWardha
Lok Sabha constituencyWardha
Vidhan Sabha constituencyWardha
Websitemaharashtra.gov.in

Sevagram (meaning "A town for/of service") is a town in the state of Maharashtra, India. It was the place of Mahatma Gandhi's ashram and his residence from 1936 to his death in 1948.[1] After Sabarmati, Sevagram Ashram holds immense importance due to the residence of Mahatma Gandhi.[2]

Overview[edit]

Sevagram, originally Segaon, is a small village, located about 8 km from Wardha. Gandhi set up what eventually became an ashram in the outskirts of the village.[3] Seth Jamnalal Bajaj of Wardha, a disciple of Gandhi, made available to the ashram about 300 acres (1.2 km2) of land.[4] Near the ashram there is a museum where artifacts of India's freedom struggle are preserved.

Telephone used by Gandhi, Sevagram ashram

History[edit]

When Gandhi started his padayatra (foot march) in 1930 from Sabarmati Ashram to Ahmedabad for the Salt Satyagraha, he decided not to return to Sabarmati till India achieved independence. Gandhi was imprisoned for more than two years. On his release he spent sometime travelling around India. He decided to make a village in Central India his headquarters.[5] He came to Wardha in 1934, at the invitation of his follower and industrialist, Jamnalal Bajaj and stayed in one of the rooms at Jamnalal's bungalow (Bajajwadi)[6] at Wardha and in the Prarthana mandir of Mahila Ashram for sometime.[7]

In April 1936, Gandhiji established his residence in a village called Segaon[8] at the outskirts of Wardha, which he renamed as Sevagram, which means 'village of service'. Gandhiji was 67 years old when he came to Sevagram. The small homes which were built in the ashram for Gandhi and Kasturba, and his followers were similar to the typical village homes.[9] The ashram employed some harijans in the common kitchen to break the caste barrier. Vinoba Bhave's Param Dham Ashram is located on the banks of the Dhaam river close by. Many decisions on important national matters and movements were taken at Sevagram. It became the central place for a number of institutions for the nation building activities devised by Gandhiji to suit the inherent strength of this country.

Sevagram is 8 km from Wardha town in Maharashtra and 75 km from Nagpur. In spite of many practical difficulties, Gandhiji decided to settle here. Though he did not have any intentions of keeping anybody with him except his wife Kasturba, pressure of work necessitated more colleagues with him till Sevagram Ashram became a full-fledged institution. There were no facilities at Sevagram, not even a post or telegraph office. The letters used to be brought from Wardha. There was another village in this region named Shegaon, made famous by the residence of Saint Gajanan Maharaj. So, Gandhiji's letters used to get misdirected. Therefore, it was decided in 1940 to rename this village as Sevagram[10] or 'the village of service'. Gandhiji stayed in Manganwadi during January 1935 paid his first visit Sevagram on 30 April 1936. [11]

Transport[edit]

Sevagram is well connected by rail and bus. Sevagram railway station is 6 km from the main village. Previously the station was named as Wardha East railway station. Sevagram is a station on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. Also most trains from the north towards south and east towards west pass through this route. Warud station is nearer but few trains stop there. The closest airport is situated around 55 km away in Nagpur. The British Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow (in office 1936-1943) had installed a hotline in Bapu Kuti. The reason given is that the British wanted to remain in constant touch with Gandhiji. Lord Linlithgow had once spent a night in Sevagram ashram with Gandhi.[12][11]

Education[edit]

Sevagram is home to the first rural medical college in India, the Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, and an engineering college, Bapurao Deshmukh College of Engineering which is also run by a rural trust.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The History of Sevagram Ashram". gandhiashramsevagram.org/. The Gandhi Ashram at Sevagram – Official website. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Sevagram | Wardha". Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation. Retrieved 15 September 2022.
  3. ^ Venugopal Maddipati, "Nothingness as Scaffolding for Being: Gandhi, Madeline Slade, Architecture and the Humanisation of Sacrifice's Massive Ecological Existence, Segaon, 1936–37" https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00856401.2018.1433445
  4. ^ "Paramdham Ashram". jamnalalbajajfoundation.org. The Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation. Archived from the original on 26 May 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  5. ^ Venugopal Maddipati, "An Architecture of Finitude," Gandhi and Architecture: A Time for Low-Cost Housing (Oxon: Routledge, 2020): https://www.academia.edu/42743173/Gandhi_and_Architecture_A_Time_for_Low_Cost_Housing_The_Philosophy_of_Finitude_Forthcoming_July_2020_
  6. ^ "Bajajwadi". jamnalalbajajfoundation.org. The Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  7. ^ Desai, Mahadev (1968). Day To Day With Gandhi. Wardha: Sarva Seva Sangh Prakashan. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  8. ^ "About Sevagram". jamnalalbajajfoundation.org. The Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  9. ^ Venugopal Maddipati, "Architecture as Weak Thought: Gandhi Inhabits Nothingness," Marg volume on Gandhi and Aesthetics pp. 44-51 https://www.academia.edu/41833717/Architecture_as_Weak_Thought_Gandhi_Inhabits_Nothingness_Gandhi_and_Aesthetics
  10. ^ Official website of Gandhiji in Sewagram, Sevagram and Mahatma Gandhi
  11. ^ a b Bharath, ETV. "How Sevagram became the epicentre of India's freedom struggle". ETV Bharath. ETV Bharath. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  12. ^ Sahu, Sahu. "At Sevagram Ashram, Bapu Found His Ideal Laboratory of Social Engineering". The wire. The wire. Retrieved 1 February 2022.

External links[edit]