Sevel is an acronym of "Société Européenne de Véhicules Légers" (European Light Vehicle Company), established in 1978 by PSA Peugeot Citroën and Fiat for a joint venture of factories building cars for both carmakers. Formerly, Alfa Romeo, Lancia and Talbot were also part of the joint venture. Sevel Argentina was its subsidiary. Sevel Sud in Italy began manufacturing in 1981. Sevel Nord in France started in 1993. Fiat sold its share of Sevel Nord to PSA in 2012. A joint venture extension for Sevel Sud sees joint manufacturing remaining there until 2019.
Sevel Nord (from Société Européenne de Véhicules Légers) is a car factory near Valenciennes, France, with manufacturing commencing in 1993. It was a joint venture between PSA Peugeot Citroën and Fiat, but Fiat sold its share to PSA in 2012. Sevel Nord continued to manufacture vans for Fiat until 2015, and from 2013 for Toyota. A third generation of light commercial vans and passenger minivans was launched in 2016.
It has a production capacity of 200,000 vehicles per year, and a total of 2,400 employees. In 2011 some 94,000 vans were manufactured, 74,000 of which were Peugeot and Citroen and 20,000 were Fiat models.
Sevel Nord has produced:
- Minivans/MPVs nicknamed Eurovans (1994–2014): Citroën Synergie/Evasion, Fiat Ulysse, Lancia Phedra, Peugeot 807/806.
- Third generation minivans (2016–present)
- Light commercial vehicles
Sevel Sud (from Società Europea Veicoli Leggeri) is a car factory at Atessa Val Di Sangro, Italy. The complex is a 50-50 joint venture between FCA and PSA-Peugeot Citroën.The factory began manufacturing in 1981.
It occupies an area of more than 1.2 million square meters, of which 344 000 are covered. It has a production capacity of 250,000 vehicles per year, with a total of 6,300 workers employed. In 2013, Fiat and PSA announced their new investment for a new generation van, with a €550 milltion / €150 million split in investment, with the joint venture scheduled to run until 2019. The facelifted third generation model was launched in 2014.
- First generation (1981–1993)
- Second generation (1993–2006)
- Third generation X250 (2006–present)
Production by model between 2000 to 2007 in the Fiat-Sevel Sud factory:
|Year||Prod. Total||Fiat Ducato||Peugeot Boxer||Citroën Jumper|
|2000||205 317||106 464||61 008||37 845|
|2001||220 435||126 321||65 485||41 806|
|2002||233 612||127 351||54 425||38 659|
|2003||213 537||124 972||46 690||41 875|
|2004||219 125||126 166||47 038||45 921|
|2005||200 854||110 379||42 674||47 801|
|2006||217 866||129 796||43 879||44 191|
|2007||262 711||154 308||56 629||51 774|
Note: The Fiat Ducato is also manufactured in Brazil (6,000 ex per year) and in Russia (15,000 ex per year since 2007).
Sevel Uruguay, located in Montevideo, Uruguay is an assembler of automobiles branded Fiat, Alfa Romeo and Iveco. The company was founded in 1984 and since 1992 it has assembled vehicles as CKD -related kits. The vehicle identification number, however, uses the plant's own brand code 9U1.
In Uruguay these have been assembled: Fiat Uno, Fiat Uno Way, Fiat Fiorino, Fiat Punto, Fiat Palio, Fiat Palio Weekend, Fiat Siena, Fiat Strada Trekking, Fiat Stilo, Fiat Idea, Fiat Idea Adventure, Fiat Linea, Fiat Ducato and Iveco Daily. Some of the vehicles assembled in Uruguay are also marketed in Central America.
Vehicles built by Tofaş:
- "CO-OPERATION BETWEEN FIAT GROUP AND PSA PEUGEOT CITROËN IN THE LIGHT COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SECTOR". FCA. 11 May 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- "Fiat exits van joint venture with PSA". 4WheelNews. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- "Siti produttivi Fiat e Chrysler con relativi pianali | Gruppo Hainz". Gruppohainz.it. 2015-05-21. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- "Fiat, PSA will invest 700 million euros to extend van venture in Italy". Automotive News Europe. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2014.