Seven Islands of Bombay
They were partly handed over to England under this title as part of the dowry of Catherine Braganza when she married Charles II in 1661. The isles and islets had earlier been part of indigenous polities like the Silhara dynasty and the Gujarat Sultanate before they were captured by the Portuguese Armadas in 1534. After acquiring them as through a royal dowry from the Kingdom of Portugal, Charles II leased Bombay and adjacent islets to the East India Company in 1668 for £10 per year.
By 1845, the islands had been merged into one landmass by means of multiple land reclamation projects. The resulting island of Bombay was later merged with the nearby islands of Trombay and Salsette that lay to its north-east and north respectively to form Greater Bombay. These islands now constitute the southern part of the city of Bombay (Mumbai).
The original islands handed over to England were as follows:
There also are several smaller islands that lay to the East of the main seven islands:
- Elephanta Island also Known as Gharapuri
- Butcher Island
- Middle Ground
- Oyster Rock
- East Ground
- Cross Island
- History of Bombay under Portuguese rule (1534–1661)
- History of Bombay under British rule
- Geography of Mumbai
- "Bombay: History of a City". The British Library. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- The Seven Islands: Mumbai
- Story of cities #11: the reclamation of Mumbai – from the sea, and its people?