Seven Lakes of San Pablo
The seven lakes of the city are:
- Lake Bunot
- Lake Calibato, sometimes spelled as Lake Kalibato
- The twin lakes of Yambo and Pandin
- Lake Palakpakin, sometimes spelled as Lake Palacpaquin or Palacpaquen
- Lake Muhikap, also known as Lake Mojicap or Lake Mohicap
- Lake Sampaloc, also spelled as Lake Sampalok, the largest of the seven lakes
The lakes are maars or low-profile volcanic craters located in the San Pablo Volcanic Field. They are among the 200 small monogenetic volcanoes found along the Macolod Corridor, a rift zone between Mount Makiling and Mount Banahaw, which is part of the larger Southwestern Luzon Volcanic Field,. These craters are formed by phreatomagmatic eruptions, an eruption where ground water comes in contact with hot magma pushing up near the Earth's surface.
In a recent rocks and sediment analysis or petrographic study on the lakes and adjoining rivers in San Pablo, sulfate concentrations were considerably higher than the naturally occurring sulfates from volcanism. Samples were taken from other areas underlain with similar volcanic rocks from the old eruptions (e.g. Taal volcano) like Indang, in the province of Cavite and the La Mesa Watershed, the water supply reservoir for Metropolitan Manila. The analyses indicated that the elevated level of sulfates were not related to volcanism but anthropogenic or man-made, and among the causes are sewage, fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides etc.
In 2005, the Rotary Club of San Pablo City held a ceremony that officially opened the hiking trails that connect the seven lakes of the city. The Rotarians were aiming for economic, environmental and health benefits of the trails to the community.
The lakes are threatened by human intervention and exploitation, most especially Lake Sampaloc, which is located right in the center of San Pablo City. Several illegal settlements, illegal fish pens, commercial and business infrastructures on the shores have proliferated on some of the lakes causing increased pollution. Overuse of commercial fish feeds have resulted in high nitrogen levels and low dissolved oxygen that has led to fish kills in the early and late 1990s. In January 2004, fish kills were observed in six of the seven lakes. Various ecological conservation efforts by both government and non-government organizations, like the Friends of the Seven Lakes Foundation, had been implemented in recent years. One of these is the demolition of human-made structures along the lakes' shoreline.
- Friends of the Seven Lakes (2006). "Backgrounder" Archived 2011-01-23 at the Wayback Machine. Friends of the Seven Lakes Foundation. Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
- Claveria, Rene Juna R.; Bayugo, Gillian Mari S.; Perez, Teresita R.; Tesorero, Jona Kristel V.; Pasaporte, Benica Joy D. "Petrographic Analysis of Rocks and Sediments around the Seven Lakes of San Pablo, Laguna: Implications Regarding Sulfate Distribution and Provenance". Department of Environmental Science, Ateneo de Manila University. Retrieved 2009-04-30.
- Rotary Club International (2005-07). "More Celebrations". The Rotarian, p.53. Retrieved on 2011-01-14.
- Global Nature (2010-12-27). "Philippines-Lake Sampaloc". Global Nature Fund. Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
- Seven Lakes International (2002). "Legend of the Seven Lakes". Seven Lake International Official Web Site. Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
- MSC High School. "Paradise, Near Death" Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. Sampaloc Lake, Paradise Lost... Paradise Reborn. Retrieved on 2010-01-03.
- Friends of the Seven Lakes (2006). "FSLF Organizational History". Friends of the Seven Lakes Foundation. Retrieved on 2011-01-03.
- Friends of the Seven Lakes (2000-02-12). "Yakap sa Lawa - First Lakes Summit" Archived 2009-02-02 at the Wayback Machine. Friends of the Seven Lakes Foundation. Retrieved on 2009-04-30.
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