Seven bowls

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The Giving of the Seven Bowls of Wrath / The First Six Plagues, Revelation 16:1-16. Matthias Gerung, c. 1531
Fifth Bowl, the Seven-headed Beast. Escorial Beatus
Statue of an Etruscan priest, holding a phialē from which he is to pour a libation; the plagues of Revelation are poured out on the world like offerings.

The seven bowls (Greek: φιάλας, phialas, sing. φιάλη phialē; also translated as cups or vials) are a set of plagues mentioned in Revelation 16.[1] They are recorded as apocalyptic events that were seen in the vision of the Revelation of Jesus Christ, by John of Patmos. Seven angels are given seven bowls of God's wrath, each consisting of judgements full of the wrath of God.[2][3] These seven bowls of God's wrath are poured out on the wicked and the followers of the Antichrist[4] after the sounding of the seven trumpets.[5]

Plagues[edit]

First Bowl[edit]

Loathsome Sores. So the first angel went and poured out his bowl on the earth, and harmful and painful sores came upon the people who bore the mark of the beast and worshiped its image.[6]

Second Bowl[edit]

The second bowl: the sea turns to blood. Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died.[7]

Third Bowl[edit]

The waters turn to blood. Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. And I heard the angel of the waters saying:

“You are righteous, oh Lord, the one who is and who was and who is to be,” because you have judged these things. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and you have given them blood to drink. For “it is their just due.”

"And I heard another from the altar saying, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are your judgements.”[8]

Fourth Bowl[edit]

When the fourth bowl is poured out, the sun causes a major heatwave to scorch the planet with fire. The incorrigible wicked refuse to repent while they blaspheme the name of God.[9]

Fifth Bowl[edit]

When the fifth bowl is poured out, a thick darkness overwhelms the kingdom of the beast. The wicked continue to stubbornly defame the name of God while refusing to repent and glorify God.[10]

Sixth Bowl[edit]

When the sixth bowl is poured out, the great river Euphrates dries up so that the kings of the east might cross to be prepared to battle. Three unclean spirits with the appearance of frogs come, one each, out of the mouths of the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet. These demonic spirits work Satanic miracles to gather the nations of the world to battle against the forces of good during the Battle of Armageddon. Jesus says that his coming will be like that of a thief in the night, urging his followers to stay alert.[11] Other biblical scholars believe that the great eschatological battle is not described in Rev. 16, for it was already won on the cross.[12]

Seventh Bowl[edit]

When the seventh bowl is poured out, a global earthquake causes the cities of the world to collapse. All the mountains and islands are removed from their foundations. Giant hailstones weighing around 100 pounds will plummet onto the planet. The plagues are so severe that the wicked's hatred of God intensifies while the incorrigible continue to curse God.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  2. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 15:7 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  3. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:1 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  4. ^ "Antichrist | History, Characteristics, Symbols, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  5. ^ Revelation 11:15-Revelation 16:21
  6. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:2 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  7. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:3 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  8. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:4-7 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  9. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:8-9 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  10. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:10-11 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  11. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:12-16 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.
  12. ^ David L. Barr, Tales of the End: A Narrative Commentary on the Book of Revelation (Santa Rosa, CA: Polebridge, 1998), 132
  13. ^ "Bible Gateway passage: Revelation 16:17-21 - English Standard Version". Bible Gateway.