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Seveners (Arabic: سبعية‎‎) was a branch of Ismā'īlī Shīʻa. They became known as "Seveners" because they believe that Isma'il ibn Jafar was the seventh and the last Imam (hereditary leader of the Muslim community in the direct line of Ali). They believed his son, Muhammad ibn Isma'il, would return and bring about an age of justice as Mahdi. Their most famous and active branch were the Qarmatians.

Imamate of Seven Imams[edit]

Imām Sevener-Ismā'īlī Imām Period
1 Ali - First Ismā'īlī Imām (632–661)
2 Hasan ibn Ali - Second Ismā'īlī Imām (661–669)
3 Husayn ibn Ali - Third Ismā'īlī Imām (669–680)
4 Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin - Fourth Ismā'īlī Imām (680–713)
5 Muhammad al-Baqir - Fifth Ismā'īlī Imām (713–733)
6 Ja'far al-Sadiq - Sixth Ismā'īlī Imām (733–765)
7 Isma'il ibn Jafar - Seventh Ismā'īlī Imām (765 - 775)
Mahdi Muħammad ibn Ismā'īl al-Maktum - The promised Mahdi (775-813)

Sometimes "sevener" is used to refer to Ismā'īlīs overall, though several branches, such as the Nizari Ismailis, have far more than seven imams.[citation needed]

Ismaili imams who were not accepted as legitimate by Seveners[edit]

The following Ismaili imams after Mahdi had been considered as heretics of dubious origins by certain Qarmatian groups[1] who refused to acknowledge the imamate of the Fatimids and clung to their belief in the coming of the Mahdi.[2]

Time line[edit]

Time line indicating Sevener Imams amongst other Shia Imam:

Abi Talib Abdullah
Ali al Murtaza Fatimah
Ali zayn ul Abedin
Muhammad al-Baqir Zaydi
Ja'far al-Sadiq
Ismaili Twelver
Isma'il ibn Jafar Musa al-Kadhim.
Muhammad ibn Isma'il Sevener Ali al-Rida
Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah) Muhammad
Ahmad (al-Taqī Muhammad) Ali al Hadi
Ḥusayn (ar-Raḍī ʿAbdillāh) hasan al Askari
Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah Muhammad al-Mahdi
al-Ẓāhir Druze
al-Mustanṣir bi l-Lāh
Mustali Nizari
ai-Amir Hafizi
Dawoodi Bohra other Bohra Agha khani Druze Sevener Twelver Zaydi

See also[edit]