Sevenoaks (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Sevenoaks in Kent for the 2010 general election.
Location of Kent within England.
|Electorate||69,925 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Michael Fallon (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Kent|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
This constituency has existed since the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Sir Thomas Jewell Bennett before entering Parliament was a leader writer at The Standard and lived in India for many years, working at the Bombay Gazette before becoming both editor and principal proprietor of the Times of India. Bennett returned to England in 1901 and in 1910 unsuccessfully contested his first Parliamentary election, losing to Alfred Gelder at the time of David Lloyd George and H. H. Asquith's celebrated "People's Budget". He represented the seat for five years from 1918.
Higher in government in this period was Hilton Young, the Health Secretary between 1931 and 1935. The health portfolio at the time included responsibility for housing, including slum clearance and rehousing. Key items of legislation to which he contributed in this period were: the Town and Country Planning Act (1932) (which applied to all 'developable' land), the Housing Act (1935) (which laid down standards of accommodation) and the Restriction of Ribbon Development Act (1935) (which sought to consolidate urban development and restrict ribbon sprawl along major highways).
Since 1950 the highest government position has been that of Michael Fallon who is currently Secretary of State for Defence.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency[n 3] for the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:
- Ash, Brasted, Chevening and Sundridge, Crockenhill and Well Hill, Dunton Green and Riverhead, Eynsford, Farningham, Horton Kirby and South Darenth, Fawkham and West Kingsdown, Halstead, Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable, Kemsing, Otford and Shoreham, Seal and Weald, Sevenoaks Eastern, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John’s, Swanley Christchurch and Swanley Village, Swanley St Mary’s, Swanley White Oak, and Westerham and Crockham Hill.
The seat is in mainstay City commuter belt territory, which supports a relatively high-income local economy with retail and self-employed trades principally benefiting. Sevenoaks constituency covers the towns of Sevenoaks and Swanley in Kent and some of the surrounding area. Most wards are most often Conservative councillor represented with the exceptions being part-Labour councillor represented Swanley and Crockenhill (5 of the 11 councillors who serve Swanley wards in 2013 for example) and two of three Sevenoaks Eastern councillors are Liberal Democrats based on local election results. Despite an unprecedented number of parties standing in 2010 no other parties have local councillors.
- In statistics
The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government districts with a working population whose income is higher than the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing. At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 1.7% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.4%. The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a low 13.1% of its population without a car, 19.2% of the population without qualifications and a high 32.0% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure 72.7% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage by occupants as at the 2011 census across the district.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Sevenoaks |
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Bullion||3,937||7.9||-13.5|
|General Election 2010: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Bullion||10,561||21.4||−0.5|
|English Democrats||Louise Uncles||806||1.6||−0.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal Democrat||Ben Abbotts||9,467||21.9||+0.3|
|English Democrats||John Marshall||751||1.7||N/A|
|United Kingdom Pathfinders||Mark Ellis||233||0.5||-0.2|
|General Election 2001: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive Gray||9,214||21.6||-2.5|
|United Kingdom Pathfinders||Mark Ellis||295||0.7||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal Democrat||R Walshe||12,086||24.1|
|Referendum Party||N Large||2,138||4.26|
|Natural Law||A Hankey||147||0.29|
|General Election 1992: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal Democrat||RFC Walshe||14,091||24.4||−3.5|
|Labour||Ms. JS Evans||9,470||16.4||+3.2|
|Green||Ms. ME Lawrence||786||1.4||N/A|
|Natural Law||PL Wakeling||210||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Sevenoaks|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||Stephen Ronald Jakobi||15,600||27.9|
|General Election 1983: Sevenoaks|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||Stephen Ronald Jakobi||15,061||28.55|
|National Front||GL Burnett||416||0.79|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Sevenoaks|
|National Front||Michael Easter||821||1.28|
|General Election October 1974: Sevenoaks|
|Conservative||Sir John Charles Rodgers||26,670||46.99|
|Liberal||Robert F Webster||15,024||26.47|
|General Election February 1974: Sevenoaks|
|Conservative||Sir John Charles Rodgers||29,963||48.36|
|Liberal||Ian Campbell Bradley||16,223||26.21|
|General Election 1970: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||Sir John Charles Rodgers||32,654||54.13||+3.6|
|Labour||John Frederick Ovenden||15,376||25.49||-6.8|
|Liberal||Robert F Webster||12,290||20.37||+3.2|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||Sir John Charles Rodgers||28,651||50.50|
|Labour||Peter B Pearce||18,338||32.32|
|Liberal||A Noel H Blackburn||9,746||17.18|
|General Election 1964: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||Sir John Charles Rodgers||28,678||52.03|
|Labour||Peter B Pearce||14,958||27.14|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||John Charles Rodgers||28,186||56.07|
|Labour||Roderick C Ogley||14,265||28.38|
|General Election 1955: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||John Charles Rodgers||28,936||61.84|
|Labour||John N Powrie||17,858||38.16|
|General Election 1951: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||John Charles Rodgers||28,668||60.37|
|Labour||John N Powrie||18,823||39.63|
|General Election 1950: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||John Charles Rodgers||25,292||51.75|
|Liberal||Edward Richard Moulton-Barrett||5,969||12.21|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Sevenoaks|
|Conservative||Col. Charles Ponsonby||18,893||45.61|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Sevenoaks
|Conservative||Charles Edward Ponsonby||21,405||67.5|
|General Election 1931
|Conservative||Rt Hon Sir Edward Hilton Young||unopposed|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Sevenoaks|
|Unionist||Rt Hon. Sir Edward Hilton Young||16,767||53.7||-8.2|
|Liberal||Edgar Sratton Liddiard||7,844||25.1||-13.0|
|Labour||Henry Hamilton Fyfe||6,634||21.2||n/a|
|General Election 1924: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal||Ronald Samuel Ainslie Williams||9,311||38.1|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election 1923: Sevenoaks|
|Liberal||Ronald Samuel Ainslie Williams||10,656|
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||9,987|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
|General Election 1922: Sevenoaks|
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||12,045|
|Labour||L. A. Goldie||6,849|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 1918
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||10,650|
|Labour||J. E. Skinner||3,323|
A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Three wards were before 2010 shared by this constituency and neighbours: Hartley and Hodsall Street; the Farningham etc. ward and the Fawkham and West Kingsdown ward
Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Young, W. (1971), p.1089.
- Sheail, J. (1979), The Restriction of Ribbon Development Act: The character and perception of land-use control in inter-war Britain, Regional Studies, 13: 6, 501–12.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Sevenoaks Councillors
- 2001 Census
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- British parliamentary election results 1950-1973, Craig, F. W. S.
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.